Board Paper of Class 12 2021 Political Science G12 (Theory) Term-1 Code 059/1/4 Set-4 Solutions

General Instructions:

  1. This question paper contains 60 questions out of which 50 questions are to be attempted. All questions carry equal marks.
  2. This question paper consists of three sections : Section A, B and C.
  3. Section A has 24 questions. Attempt any 20 questions from Q.Nos. 1 to 24.
  4. Section B has 24 questions. Attempt any 20 questions from Q.Nos 25 to 48.
  5. Section C has 12 questions. Attempt any 10 questions from Q.Nos. 49 to 60
  6. Only the first 20 questions each in Sections A and B and first 10 questions in Section C attempted by a candidates will be evaluated.
  7. There is only one correct option for every Multiple Choice Question (MCQ). Marks will not be awarded for answering more than one option.
  8. There is no negative marking.

Attempt any 20 questions.

Question 1

Which one of the following is known as the high point of the Cold War ?

  1. The formation of NATO
  2. The Cuban Missile Crisis
  3. The dropping of two atomic bombs by the US.
  4. The formation of two power blocs

Ans. (b)

Question 2

During Cold War period, the mailer states joined the two alliances to get _____________ and ___________.

  1. promise of protection against local rivals
  2. membership of the UN Security Council—
  3. economic aid for self-defence
  1. i and ii
  2. ii and iii
  3. i and iii
  4. i, ii and iii

Ans. (c)

Question 3

The first Non-Aligned Summit was held at

  1. Belgrade
  2. New Delhi
  3. Havana
  4. Bandung

Ans. (a)

Question 4

Choose the statement which was not a cause of Cold War.

  1. It was a matter of power rivalry between the two superpowers
  2. The two superpowers were spreading their ideologies.
  3. The two alliances were struggling to get dominance in the United Nations.
  4. Both the alliances were trying to Lie more powerful than each other.

Ans. (c)

Question 5

Which one of the following commissions was formed for the planned development of India, just after independence?

  1. Election Commission
  2. Planning Commission
  3. Shah Commission
  4. NITI Aayog

Ans. (b)

Question 6

Who among the following appoints the Vice Chairperson of NITI Aayog?

  1. I President of India
  2. Prime Minister of India
  3. Vice President of India
  4. Lok Sabha Speaker

Ans. (b)

Question 7

In which year was the NITI Aayog constituted?

  1. 2014
  2. 2015
  3. 2016
  4. 2017

Ans. (b)

Question 8

Which of the following statements about NITI Aayog are true?

  1. NITI Aayog acts as a ‘think tank’ of the Union Government.
  2. NITI Aayog acts against terrorism.
  3. NITI Aayog acts in the spirit of cooperative federalism.
  4. NITI Aayog decides more role for bigger states and smaller role for smaller states.

Choose the correct option:

  1. i, ii and iv
  2. iii and iv
  3. i, iii and iv
  4. i and iii

Ans. (c)

Question 9

What was the main focus of the Second Five Year Plan?

  1. Agriculture
  2. Industrialization
  3. Education
  4. Transportation

Ans. (b)

Question 10

The statements given below are related to Shock Therapy. Choose the option that represents only the true statements:

  1. The value of the Ruble, the Russian Currency, declined due to shock therapy.
  2. Shock therapy strengthened Communism.
  3. Shock therapy reduced the prices of goods.
  4. Shock therapy destroyed the old system of social welfare.

Choose the correct option:

  1. i and ii
  2. ii and iii
  3. i, ii and iii
  4. i and iv

Ans. (d)

Question 11

Arrange the following in chronological order:

  1. End of the Second World War
  2. Disintegration or the USSR
  3. Fall of the Berlin Wall
  4. Indo-Russian Strategic Agreement

Choose the correct option:

  1. i, ii, iii, iv
  2. i, iii, ii, iv
  3. i, iv, ii, iii
  4. i, iv, iii, ii

Ans. (d)

Question 12

Identify the group of countries that had been part of the Soviet Union before disintegration.

  1. Tajikistan, Azerbaijan. Armenia
  2. Armenia. West Germany, Azerbaijan
  3. Poland, East Germany, Norway
  4. Norway. Hungary, Romania

Ans. (a)

Question 13

Which one of the following statements was not a feature of the Soviet system?

  1. A minimum standard of living was ensured to all citizens.
  2. The Soviet Government subsidised the basic necessities.
  3. There was no unemployment.
  4. People had the right to property.

Ans. (d)

Question 14

Choose the statement that is not true about the ‘Socialist Revolution’ in 1917 in Russia:

  1. It was inspired by the ideals of Socialism.
  2. It favoured to design a society based on the principles of equality.
  3. It aimed at establishing two party system.
  4. It favoured state-controlled economy.

Ans. (c)

Question 15

Choose the statements which are not true about India’s Nuclear Programme:

  1. India’s Nuclear Programme has always been peace-oriented.
  2. India’s Nuclear Programme is in favour of CTBT.
  3. India is committed to be a member of Nuclear Suppliers Group.
  4. India’s Nuclear Programme is to help the smaller countries of Asia

Choose the correct option:

  1. i and ii
  2. ii and iv
  3. ii, iii and iv
  4. i, ii, and iii

Ans. (b)

Question 16

Which Princely State of India was the first to announce to remain as an Independent State?

  1. Mysore
  2. Ajmer
  3. Gwalior
  4. Travancore

Ans. (d)

Question 17

Why did India not join either of the two camps i.e., Western alliance or Eastern alliance during the Cold War era’?

  1. India was afraid of both the camps.
  2. India was working for a third ramp.
  3. India wanted to keep away from both the alliances.
  4. Both the US and the Soviet Union were against India.

Ans. (c)

Question 18

Who among the following created the ‘Indian National Army?

  1. Bhagat Singh
  2. Subhash Chandra Bose
  3. Chandra Shekhar Azad
  4. Rajguru

Ans. (b)

Question 19

With which country does India have a treaty that allows the citizens of the two countries to travel to and work in the other country without visas and passports?

  1. Bangladesh
  2. Sri Lanka
  3. Nepal
  4. Israel

Ans. (c)

Question 20

Identify the leader who was not a founder member of NAM (Non-Aligned Movement):

  1. Jawaharlal Nehru
  2. Sukarno
  3. Gamal Abdel Nasser
  4. Nikita Khrushchev

Ans. (d)

Question 21

Which one of the following is not a principal organ of the United Nations?

  1. Security Council
  2. World Bank
  3. International Court of Justice
  4. General Assembly

Ans. (b)

Question 22

Which one of the following statements is a function of the UNICEF

  1. It works for human development.
  2. It works for agriculture and rural development.
  3. It works for the promotion of children’s health.
  4. It works for environmental protection.

Ans. (c)

Question 23

Which of the following statements are the aims of the International Labour Organisation (ILO)?

  1. It aims to promote efficient conditions of social justice,
  2. It works for workers according to international labour standards
  3. It mainly works for the protection of human rights.
  4. It gives incentive for women and male workers to engage in productive work.
  1. i, ii and iii
  2. ii. iii and iv
  3. i and iv
  4. i, ii and iv

Ans. (d)

Question 24

Which group among the following options represents the three Princely States that resisted their merger with India?

  1. Hyderabad, Bhopal, Jammu and Kashmir
  2. Junagarh, Gwalior, Mysore
  3. Junagarh, Hyderabad, Travancore
  4. Gwalior, Travancore, Bhopal

Ans. (c)

Attempt any 20 questions.

Question 25

Why was India’s policy of Non-alignment criticised?

  1. lndia’s policy was unprincipled in the name of pursuing national interests.
  2. India signed a Treaty of Friendship with the USSR in 1971 for 20 years.
  3. India was against signing any friendship treaty with the US.
  4. India remained biased on many international issues.

Choose the correct option that includes the statements valid for criticism:

  1. i and iii
  2. ii and iii
  3. i. ii and iii
  4. i, ii and iv

Ans. (b)

Question 26

NATO is also called ‘Western Alliance’ because most of its members belonged to

  1. Western Asia
  2. Western Europe
  3. The western part of America
  4. Western Africa

Ans. (b)

Question 27

Which one of the following is the correct full form of CTBT?

Options:

  1. Correct Test Ban Theory
  2. Complete Test Ban Treaty
  3. Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty
  4. Comprehensive Total Ban Theory

Ans. (c)

Question 28

Which one of the following groups of countries is known as the Axis Powers?

  1. Germany, Italy, France
  2. Germany, Poland, Italy
  3. Poland, France, Japan
  4. Germany, Japan. Italy

Ans. (d)

Question 29

Assertion (A): The Soviet Union and Communism collapsed in 1991.
Reason(R): The internal weaknesses of the Soviet political and economic institutions failed to meet the aspirations of the Soviet people.

Choose the correct option:

  1. Both Assertion (A) and Reason (R) are correct and Reason (R) is the correct explanation of Assertion (A).
  2. Both Assertion (A) and Reason (R) are correct, but Reason (R) is not the correct explanation of Assertion (A).
  3. Assertion (A) is incorrect, but Reason (R) is correct.
  4. Assertion (A) is correct, but Reason (R) incorrect

Ans. (a)

Question 30

Assertion (A): In 1990s, the economy of Russia was ruined completely.
Reason (R): More than 90% of the industries were sold to private companies at throwaway prices. Choose the correct option:

  1. Both Assertion (A) and Reason (R) are correct and Reason (R) is the correct explanation of Assertion (A).
  2. Both Assertion (A) and Reason (R) are correct, but Reason (R) is not the correct explanation of Assertion (A).
  3. Assertion (A) is correct, but Reason (R) incorrect
  4. Assertion (A) is incorrect, but Reason (R) is correct.

Ans. (d)

Question 31

The main objective of the United Nations is to:

  1. control the big powers to exploit small countries
  2. check population growth
  3. prevent international conflicts
  4. manufacture medicines

Ans. (c)

Question 32

The United Nations was established:

  1. after the First World War
  2. after the disintegration of the USSR
  3. before the Second World War
  4. after the Second World War

Ans. (d)

Question 33

Which of the following statements are true about the steps to be taken to make the UN more relevant as recommended by heads of all the member states who met in September 2005 to celebrate the 60th anniversary of the UN?

  1. Creation of a Peace building Commission.
  2. Creation of Democracy Fund
  3. Making no war zones.
  4. Condemnation of terrorism in all its forms.
  1. i and ii
  2. i, ii and iii
  3. i, ii and iv
  4. ii, iii and iv

Ans. (c)

Question 34

Assertion (A): The membership of the UN Security Council was expanded from 11 to 15 in 1965.
Reason (R): Number of permanent members of the Security Council was changed.

Choose the correct option

  1. Both Assertion (A) and Reason (R) are correct and Reason (R) is the correct explanation of Assertion (A).
  2. Both Assertion (A) and Reason (R) are correct, but Reason (R) is not the correct explanation of Assertion (A).
  3. Assertion (A) is incorrect, but Reason (R) is correct.
  4. Assertion (A) is correct, but Reason (R) incorrect.

Ans. (d)

Question 35

Which one of the following statements does not justify India’s claim to be a permanent member of the UN Security Council?

  1. India is the world’s largest democracy
  2. India is the second most populous country.
  3. India has won two battles against Pakistan.
  4. India makes regular contributions to the United Nations.

Ans.(c)

Question 36

Which one of the following was not a reason for the partition of British India in 1947?

  1. The Two -Nation theory
  2. The political aim of the Muslim League
  3. Integration of Princely States with India
  4. British policy to divide India

Ans. (c)

Question 37

Which of the following are the consequences of India’s Partition in 1947?

  1. Communal violence
  2. Lakhs of people had to migrate from one place to another
  3. Parliamentary system of governance
  4. Reorganization of States

Choose the correct option:

  1. i and iii
  2. ii and iv
  3. i and ii
  4. iii and iv

Ans. (c)

Question 38

The rulers of the most of the Princely States had agreed to become a part of the Union of India ____________.

  1. on 15th of August, 1947
  2. before 15th of August, 1947
  3. on 26th of January, 1950
  4. after 26th of January, 1950

Ans. (b)

Question 39

Which one of the following from the North-East had become a state before 1972?

  1. Meghalaya
  2. Manipur
  3. Tripura
  4. Nagaland

Ans. (d)

Question 40

Assertion (A): Movement of the people of Hyderabad State against the Nizam’s rule had gathered fume and momentum.
Reason (R): Peasantry and women joined hands against the oppresive rule of the Nizam.

Choose the correct option:

  1. Both Assertion (A) and Reason (R) are correct and Reason (R) is the correct explanation of Assertion (A).
  2. Both Assertion (A) and Reason (R) are correct, but Reason (R) is not the correct explanation of Assertion (A).
  3. Assertion (A) is incorrect, but Reason (R) is correct.
  4. Assertion (A) is correct, but Reason (R) incorrect.

Ans. (a)

Question 41

The Planning Commission of India was abolished because:

  1. it had become very old.
  2. it was becoming ineffective and irrelevant to face the challenges of development
  3. it was based on an old model of socialism.
  4. many states had asked for abolition of the Planning Commission.

Ans. (b)

Question 42

Assertion (A): India was opposed to the indefinite extension of NPT is 1995 and refused to sign NPT and CTBT both.
Reason (R): India considers these treaties to be discriminatory and is against the monopoly of five nuclear weapon powers.

Choose the correct option:

  1. Both Assertion (A) and Reason (R) are correct and Reason (R) is the correct explanation of Assertion (A).
  2. Both Assertion (A) and Reason (R) are correct, but Reason (R) is not the correct explanation of Assertion (A).
  3. Assertion (A) is incorrect, but Reason (R) is correct.
  4. Assertion (A) is correct, but Reason (R) incorrect.

Ans. (a)

Question 43

Assertion (A): Though the cultural ties between India and Israel go back from time immemorial, yet the political relations developed after the establishment of the NDA Government in India.
Reason (R): Leaders of both the countries have been visiting one another’s country since 1990.

Choose the correct option:

  1. Both Assertion (A) and Reason (R) are correct and Reason (R) is the correct explanation of Assertion (A).
  2. Both Assertion (A) and Reason (R) are correct, but Reason (R) in not the correct explanation of Assertion (A).
  3. Assertion (A) is incorrect, but Reason (R) is correct.
  4. Assertion (A) is correct. but Reason (R) incorrect.

Ans. (c)

Question 44

Which one of the following statements about India-China relations is not correct?

  1. The slogan ‘Hindi-Chini Bhai Bhai’ was popular for a brief while only.
  2. China took over Tibet in 1950.
  3. India opposed China’s entry into the UN Security Council.
  4. China attacked India in 1962.

Ans. (c)

Question 45

Which one of the following statements about India’s relations with Pakistan is incorrect?

  1. India and Pakistan signed the Indus water Treaty which has survived in spite of various military conflicts.
  2. India and Pakistan worked together to restore people back to their families.
  3. India and Pakistan have signed a treaty of friendship to work against terrorism.
  4. India and Pakistan signed the Tashkent Agreement in 1966.

Ans. (c)

Question 46

Choose the correct Statements about India’s relations with Nepal:

  1. India and Nepal enjoy a very special relationship.
  2. India and Nepal enjoy a very special relationship.
  3. India and Nepal enjoy a very special relationship.
  4. Citizens cannot travel to the other country without visas.

Choose the correct option:

  1. i, ii and iv
  2. i, iii and iv
  3. i, ii and iii
  4. ii, iii and iv

Ans. (c)

Question 47

Identify the country which has all the four features:

  1. It is a part of India’s ‘Look East Policy’.
  2. It is a part of India’s ‘Look East Policy’.
  3. Its border touches the border of India.
  4. It is a secular and democratic country.

Choose the correct option:

  1. Myanmar
  2. Nepal
  3. Bhutan
  4. Bangladesh

Ans. (d)

Question 48

Which one of the following is not a part of India’s Foreign Policy?

  1. Policy of Non-alignment
  2. Respect for SAARC
  3. Respect for unipolar world
  4. Respect for peaceful co-existence

Ans. (c)

Attempt any 10 questions.

Question 49

49. Study the logo given below and carefully answer the question that follows:

Name the organisation to which this ‘logo’ belongs.

  1. United Nations Organisation
  2. World Health Organisation
  3. UN Security Council
  4. International Labour Organisation

Ans. (a)

Question 50

Study the picture given below carefully and answer the question that follows:

The picture is related to which incident?

  1. Quit India Movement - 1942
  2. First Independence Day of lndia - 15 August, 1947
  3. First Republic Day of India - 26 January, 1950
  4. An election rally in 1952

Ans. (c)

Question 51

Study the given postal stamps carefully and answer the question that follows:

The given two postal ‘stamps depict the thinking of which Prime Minister of India?

  1. Lal Bahadur Shastri
  2. Ch. Charan Singh
  3. Jawaharlal Nehru
  4. Morarji Desai

Ans. (a)

Read the given passage carefully and answer the questions that fallow (Q.No. 52 - 56):

“The collapse of communism was followed in most of these countries by a Painful Process of transition from an authoritarian socialist system to a democratic capitalist system. The model of transition in Russia, Central Asia and east Europe that was influenced by the World Bank and the IMP came to be known as ‘shock therapy’. Shock therapy varied in intensity and speed amongst the Second World countries, but its direction and features were quite similar.”

Question 52

Which of the following has been quoted se the ‘collapse of communism’?

  1. Gorbachev’s failure to get the desired results through his reforms
  2. Disintegration of the Soyiet Union
  3. The Soviet Union had become stagnant in administration
  4. People were not satisfied with the Soviet System and government lost popular backing

Ans. (b)

Question 53

Which one of the following countries was popular for its democratic capitalist system?

  1. United States of America
  2. Russia
  3. Cuba
  4. East Germany

Ans. (a)

Question 54

Which group of two countries belonged to the ‘Second World countries’?

  1. India and Pakistan
  2. Germany and Italy
  3. Russia and Ukraine
  4. China and Japan

Ans. (c)

Question 55

Which one the following was not a consequence of ‘shock therapy’?

  1. The rate of inflation rose high.
  2. The rate of inflation rose high.
  3. The collective farm system got strengthened and food security was ensured.
  4. The old system of social welfare was systematically destroyed.

Ans. (b)

Question 56

Choose the option that is a feature of communism.

  1. Multi-party system
  2. State controlled economy
  3. Special Economic Zeros (SEZ)
  4. Privatisation of industries and agriculture

Ans. (b)

Read the given passage carefully and answer the questions that follow (Q.No. 57 --60)

On 14-15 August, 1947, not one but two nation-states came into existence — India and Pakistan. This was a result of partition, the division of British India into India and Pakistan........... This partition was the outcome of ‘two-nation theory’ advanced by thy Muslim League. The Congress opposed this theory and the demand for Pakistan. But several political developments led to the decision for the creation of Pakistan.

Question 57

Which political leader demanded the partition of British India?

  1. Jawaharlal Nehru
  2. Sardar Patel
  3. M,A. Jinnah
  4. Abdul Gaffar Khan

Ans. (c)

Question 58

Choose the statement that correctly explains the ‘two-nation theory’

  1. India consisted of two groups of people. Hindus and Muslims, hence two nations are required.
  2. Two separate nations should be formed to accommodate the leaders of Hindu- and Muslims.
  3. One nation for Congress and other for Muslim League was demanded.
  4. Hindus should have a separate nation but Muslim could choose any one out of the two.

Ans. (a)

Question 59

Which two states were bifurcated on the basis of religious majority?

  1. Gujarat and Punjab
  2. Gujarat and Rajasthan
  3. Punjab and Bengal
  4. Bengal and Gujarat

Ans. (c)

Question 60

What among the following was not divided between India and Pakistan?

  1. Typewriters, books and musical instruments
  2. Liabilities
  3. Monuments
  4. Assets

Ans. (c)

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