Board Paper of Class 12 2021 History (Theory) Code 061/3/4 Set 4 - Solutions

General Instructions:

  1. This question paper contains 60 questions out of which 50 questions are to be attempted. All questions carry equal marks.
  2. This question paper consists of four sections: Section A, B, C and D.
  3. Section A has 24 questions. Attempt any 20 questions from Q.No. 1 to 24.
  4. Section B has 22 questions. Attempt any 18 questions from Q.No. 25 to 46.
  5. Section C has 12 questions (Case based study questions). Attempt any 10 questions from Q.No. 47 to 58.
  6. Section D contains 2 MAP based questions. Attempt both the questions- Q. No. 59 and 60.
  7. The first 20 questions in Section A, 18 questions in Section B and 10 questions in Section C attempted by a candidate will be evaluated.
  8. There is only one correct option for every multiple choice question (MCQ). Marks will not be awarded for answering more than one option.
  9. There is no negative marking.

Section-A

Attempt any 20 questions from this section.

Question 1

Which of the following artefact of the Harappa civilization was mainly used for long distance communication?

  1. Shells
  2. Stone
  3. Seals
  4. Steatite

Ans. (c)

Question 2

Which one of the following mature Harappan sites is located in present day Gujarat?

  1. Rakhi Garhi
  2. Dholavira
  3. Kot Diji
  4. Amri

Ans. (b)

Question 3

Which one of the following was a centre of craft production during Harappan Culture?

  1. Banawali
  2. Kalibangan
  3. Chanhudaro
  4. Manda

Ans. (c)

Question 4

Which one of the following Buddhist Stupas was preserved with the funds provided by the rulers of Bhopal?

  1. Bharhut Stupa
  2. Shravasti Stupa
  3. Amravati Stupa
  4. Sanchi Stupa

Ans. (d)

Question 5

Harishena, who composed ‘Pragya Prashasti’ was a court poet of which of the following rulers?

  1. Chandra Gupta
  2. Samudra Gupta
  3. Ashoka
  4. Chandra Gupta Maurya

Ans. (b)

Question 6

Buddha’s foster mother was the first to be ordained as Bhikhuni into the Sangha. Identify her name from the following:

  1. Punna
  2. Yashodhra
  3. Mahaprajapati Gotmi
  4. Maya

Ans. (c)

Question 7

‘Mahanavami dibba was the centre of elaborate rituals.’ Which of the following rituals were performed here?

  1. Lohri Celebration
  2. Holi Celebration
  3. Navratri Celebration
  4. Vaisakhi Celebration

Ans. (c)

Question 8

Which of the following rulers belonged to Tuluva dynasty?

  1. Sadasiva Raya
  2. Rama Raya
  3. Harihara
  4. Krishan Deva Raya

Ans. (d)

Question 9

Which one of the following incidents made Budha’s first journey into the outside world traumatic?

  1. He saw a young boy praying to god.
  2. He saw a divine message on inscription.
  3. He saw a sick man and corpse.
  4. He saw a saint meditating.

Ans. (c)

Question 10

Who of the following ‘Guru’ consolidated the sikh community into socio-religious and military force?

  1. Guru Arjan Sahib
  2. Guru Hargobind Sahib
  3. Guru Gobind Singh Sahib
  4. Guru Tegh Bahadur Sahib

Ans. (c)

Question 11

Which one of the following is a reason to call Harappan script as enigmatic?

  1. It is written from right to left.
  2. It has signs and alphabets.
  3. It has large number of signs, more than 375.
  4. It has not been deciphered so far.

Ans. (d)

Question 12

Who among the following Gupta rulers was the most powerful and popular ruler?

  1. Chandra Gupta
  2. Samudra Gupta
  3. Kumara Gupta
  4. Sikanda Gupta

Ans. (b)

Question 13

Fill in the blank space from the options given below:
When Buddhism spread to east Asia pilgrims such as .......... travelled all the way from China to India in search of Buddhist texts.

  1. Chen Hui
  2. Fa-Xian
  3. Nelli-bly
  4. Tao-Te-Cheng

Ans. (b)

Question 14

The hall in front of which of the following shrines was built by Krishan Deva Raya to mark his accession?

  1. Vitthla temple
  2. Virupaksha temple
  3. Hazara Ram temple
  4. Jaina temple

Ans. (b)

Question 15

Which one of the following books was written by Chanakya?

  1. Patanjali
  2. Raj tringani
  3. Arthshastra
  4. Harshcharita

Ans. (c)

Question 16

Which one of the following townships was founded by Krishan Deva Raya near Vijayanagara?

  1. Nagapattnam
  2. Naglapuram
  3. Raichur
  4. Kannanur Kupam

Ans. (b)

Question 17

Which one of the following battles brought the downfall of Vijayanagara Empire?

  1. Batik of Mysore
  2. Battle of Trichinopoly
  3. Battle of Rakshasi-Tangdi
  4. Battle of Arcot

Ans. (c)

Question 18

Which of the following foreign powers wanted to take away the eastern gateway of Sanchi Stupa to their own country?

  1. Norwegians
  2. French
  3. Scottish
  4. Portuguese

Ans. (b)

Question 19

Which one among the following pairs is correctly matched?

Ans. (d)

Question 20

Identify the text with the help of the following information.

  • It is one of the best known legal texts of early India.
  • Written in Sanskrit.
  • Compiled between 2nd century BCE and 2nd century CE.

Choose appropriate option.

  1. Dharamashastra
  2. Upanishads
  3. Mahabharata
  4. Manusmriti

Ans. (d)

Question 21

Which one among the following is a correct pair regarding the teachings of Buddha?

Ans. (c)

Question 22

Read the following statements regarding Alvar saints of Medieval India and choose the correct option.

  1. Alvars were devoted to Lord Shiva.
  2. The hymns of Alvars were compiled in Nalayara Divya Prabhandham.
  3. Andal was from Alvar tradition.
  1. i and iii are correct
  2. ii and iii are correct
  3. i and ii are correct
  4. only iii is correct

Ans. (b)

Question 23

Which one of the following empires issued gold coins for the first time in first century CE in India?

  1. Maurya Empire
  2. Gupta Empire
  3. Kushana Empire
  4. Vakataka Empire

Ans. (c)

Question 24

Which one arriong the following is a part of Tripitika?

  1. Dipavamsa
  2. Dhamma Sutta
  3. Mahavamsa
  4. Abhidhammapitaka

Ans. (d)

Section-B

Attempt any 18 questions from this section.

Question 25

Arrange the following in Chronological order and choose the option.

  1. Invasion of Alexander
  2. Reign of Ashoka
  3. Beginning of Gupta rule
  4. Rulers of Magadh Consolidated Power

Options:

  1. iv. ii, iii and i
  2. ii, iii, i and iv
  3. iii, ii, iv and i
  4. iv, i, ii and iii

Ans. (d)

Question 26

Which one of the following books was written by Ernest Mackay?

  1. The Indus
  2. Ancient India
  3. Early Indus Civilization
  4. Early Indians

Ans. (c)

Question 27

Which of the following statements prove that there was some authoritv to take decision and implement them in the Harappan society?

  1. The extraordinary uniformity of Harappan artefacts.
  2. Bricks not produced at one centre but were uniform in size.
  3. Settlements were not strategically set up.
  4. Entire Harappan society had one ruler.

Options:

  1. i and ii
  2. ii and iii
  3. iii and iv
  4. i and iv

Ans. (a)

Question 28

Identify the character of Mahabharata with the help of following information:

  • Ruler of Hastinapur
  • Pre-mature death
  • Brother of Dhritrashtra

Options:

  1. Duryodhna
  2. Dronacharya
  3. Pandu
  4. Arjuna

Ans. (c)

Question 29

Which of the following are the major literary sources to reconstruct the history of Mauryan Empire?

  1. Work of Magasthanese, a Greek ambassador.
  2. Arthshastra of Kautilya.
  3. Buddhist, Jaina and Pauranic literature.
  4. Meghaduta of Kalidasa.

Choose the correct option from following:

  1. i, ii and iv
  2. ii, iii and iv
  3. i, ii and iii
  4. i, iii and iv

Ans. (c)

Question 30

Two statements are given below as Assertion (A) and Reasoning (R). Read the statements and choose the appropriate option.

Assertion (A): Between 6th and 4th centuries BCE, Magadh became the most powerful mahajanpada.

Reasoning (R): Magadh had agricultural productive area, iron mines and vast forest area.

  1. Both (A) and (R) are correct and (R) is the correct explanation of (A).
  2. Both (A) and (R) are correct but (R) is not the correct explanation of (A).
  3. (A) is correct but (R) is incorrect.
  4. (A) is incorrect but (R) is correct.

Ans. (a)

Question 31

Which one of the following statements regarding Buddhist sect is correct?

  1. Mahayana sect of Buddhism is the old way of thinking.
  2. Mahayana sect of Buddhism is the old way of thinking.
  3. Hinayana worship the image of Buddha and Boddhisattas.
  4. Hinayana described themselves as Theravadins.

Ans. (d)

Question 32

Consider the following statements and select the ones that are true.

  1. John Marshal was the first professional archaeologist to work in India.
  2. He got the experience while working in Greece and Crete.
  3. He was an ex-army Brigadier.
  4. He announced the discovery of new civilization in the Indus Valley to the people.

Choose the correct option:

  1. i, ii and iii
  2. ii, iii and iv
  3. i, iii and iv
  4. i, ii and iv

Ans. (d)

Question 33

Read the following statements and identify the character of Mahabharata.

  1. She declared her love for Bhima.
  2. She told Kunti that she liked her tiger like son.
  3. She gave birth to a Rakshas boy.
  1. Drupadi
  2. Ghandhari
  3. Hidimba
  4. Subhadra

Ans. (c)

Question 34

“The domestic architecture of Mohenjodaro along the ground level meant for privacy of the residents.” Identify which of the following statements prove it.

  1. Houses were centred on a courtyard.
  2. There were no windows in the walls.
  3. The main entrance did not give direct view.
  4. Many houses had wells often in room for passers by.

Options:

  1. i and ii
  2. ii and iii
  3. iii and iv
  4. i and iv

Ans. (b)

Question 35

Match the following correctly:

Choose the correct option:

  1. (a)-iii, (b)-iv, (c)-ii, (d)-i
  2. (a)-ii, (b)-i, (c)-iii, (d)-iv
  3. (a)-i, (b)-ii, (c)-iv, (d)-iii
  4. (a)-iv, (b)-iii, (c)-i, (d)-ii

Ans.(a)

Question 36

Which of the following statements are correct regarding Vijayanagara? Choose the correct option.

  1. Vijayanagara Empire was founded in 11th century.
  2. The empire was routed out in 1565 and subsequently deserted.
  3. The ruins of Harnpi was brought to light by Colin Mackenzie.
  4. Krishan Deva Raya founded Vijayanagara.

Options:

  1. ii and iv
  2. ii and iii
  3. i and iv
  4. iii and iv

Ans. (b)

Question 37

Which one of the following statement is correct about Kabir?

  1. Kabir’s verses are compiled in ‘Kabir Bijak’ only.
  2. Kabir was and is a source of inspiration to many.
  3. He advocatcd only saguna bhakti.
  4. Kabir believed in Polytheism.

Ans. (b)

Question 38

Find out which of the following is a correct pair.

Ans. (b)

Question 39

Read the following information:

  • It is fourteen century dargah.
  • Mohd. Bin Tuglaq was the first sultan to visit this shrine.
  • It is located in Ajmer.

Identify whose dargah is this?

  1. Shaikh Salim Chishti
  2. Khwaja Muinundin Chishti
  3. Shaikh Nizam-ud-din Auliya
  4. Khwaja Qutbuddin Bakhtiar Kaki

Ans. (b)

Question 40

Which of the following statements regarding Colin Mackenzie are true?

  1. He became famous as Engineer, Surveyor and Cartographer.
  2. He became first Surveyor General of India.
  3. He remained Surveyor General till his death.
  4. By studying Vijayanagara East India Company could not get useful information.

Choose the correct option:

  1. only I
  2. i and ii
  3. i, ii and iii
  4. ii, iii and iv

Ans. (c)

Question 41

Fill in the blank.

Archaeologists have been able to reconstruct dietary practices from finds of charred grains and seeds. These are studied by ..............

Choose the correct option from the following:

  1. Arehaeo-astronomy
  2. Archaeo-geologist
  3. Archaeo-botanist
  4. Archaeo-zoologist

Ans. (c)

Question 42

Which of the following teachings is not associated with the traditions of Jainism?

  1. The entire world is animated.
  2. Non-injury to animals, plants and insects.
  3. The cycle of birth and rebirth is shaped by worshipping dieties.
  4. Monastic existence is necessary condition of salvation.

Ans. (c)

Question 43

Which of the following statements are true regarding Mahabharata?

  1. The Sanskrit version of Mahabharata is far simpler than Vedas.
  2. Historians classified Mahabharata into two broad heads as the narrative and the didactic.
  3. Mahabharata is a dynamic text.
  4. Didactic portion was first to be written.

Options:

  1. i, ii and iii
  2. i, iii and iv
  3. ii, iii and iv
  4. i, ii and iv

Ans. (a)

Question 44

Read the information given below.

  • It is one of the most spectacular shrine.
  • It is probably meant to he used by king and his family.
  • The images in the central shrine are missing.

With this information identify the shrine of Vijayanagara from the following:

  1. Jaina temple
  2. Virupaksha temple
  3. Vitthala temple
  4. Hazara Ram temple

Ans. (d)

Question 45

Given below are two statements, labelled as Assertion (A) and Reason (R). Read them and choose the correct option.

Assertion (A): It is likely that the very choice of the site of Vijayanagara was inspired by the existence of the shrines of Virupaksha and Pampadevi.

Reason (R): Vijayanagara kings claimed to rule on behalf of the god Virupaksha.

  1. Both (A) and (R) are true but (R) is correct explanation of (A).
  2. Both (A) and (R) are true but (R) is not the correct explanation of (A).
  3. Both (A) and (R) are incorrect.
  4. (A) is incorrect but (R) is correct.

Ans. (a)

Question 46

Look at the figure and find out which school of art is evident on this image of Buddha. Choose the correct option from the following:

  1. Gandhara school of Art
  2. Mathura school of Art
  3. Karnataka school of Art
  4. Arnravati school of Art

Ans. (b)

Section-C

(Case Based Questions)

This section contains 12 questions in total. Attempt any 10 questions:

Read the following source carefully and answer the following MCQs by choosing the most appropriate option:

Draupadi’s marriage

Drupada, the king of Panchala, organized a competition where the challenge was to string a bow and hit a target; the winner would he chosen to marry his daughter Draupadi. Arjuna was victorious and was garlanded by Draupadi. The Pandavas returned with her to their mother Kunti, who even before she saw them, asked them to share whatever they had got. She realized her mistake when she saw Draupadi, but her command could not be violated. After much deliberation, Yudhisthira decided that Draupadi would be their common wife.

When Drupada was told about this, he protested. However, the seer Vyasa arrived and told him that the Pandavas were in reality incarnations of Indra, whose wife had been reborn as Draupadi, and they were thus destined for each other.

Vyasa added that in another instance a young woman had prayed to Shiva for a husband, and in her enthusiasm, had prayed five times instead of once. This woman was now reborn as Draupadi, and Shiva had fulfilled her prayers. Convinced by these stories, Drupada consented to the marriage.

Question 47

Why did King of Panchala organize a Competition?

  1. For popularizing the game.
  2. For providing patronage to the skilled ones.
  3. For the marriage of his daughter.
  4. For popularizing himself.

Ans. (c)

Question 48

What was the form of Draupadi’s marriage during Mahabharat Era?

  1. Polyandry
  2. Polygyny
  3. Brahma Marriage
  4. Gandharva

Ans. (a)

Question 49

Why didn’t Kunti take her words back?

  1. Kunti’s command had been given and it could not be violated.
  2. Kunti wanted to dominate on her children.
  3. Pandavas wanted to marry Draupadi.
  4. Kunti saw Draupadi as the saviour of Pandavas.

Ans. (a)

Question 50

How does this story strengthen Pandava’s brotherhood?

  1. Showed the fraternity of the Pandavas.
  2. Pandavas showed respect towards Kuru.
  3. Pandavas wanted to marry in consent of brothers.
  4. Pandavas did all things in consent of King.

Ans. (a)

Question 51

Analyse the role of the seer Vyasa in the Mahabharat.

  1. Vyasa was a seer, composer and farsighted rishi.
  2. Vyasa dictated Mahabharat to his disciples.
  3. Vyasa was the teacher of Kauravas.
  4. Vyasa was the teacher of Kauravas.

Ans. (a)

Question 52

How did Vvasa justify the marriage of five brothers with Draupadi?

  1. Vyasa told Draupadi about her reincarnation.
  2. Vyasa mentioned all about his life in the previous birth.
  3. Vyasa explained Draupadi about her life.
  4. Vyasa narrated the story of Sita Mata to them.

Ans. (a)

Read the following carefully and answer the following MCQs by choosing the most appropriate option:

Shankaradeva

In the late fifteenth century, Shankaradeva emerged as one of the leading proponents of Vaishnavism in Assam. His teachings, often known as the Bhagavati dharma because they were based on the Bhagavad Gita and the Bhagavata Purana, focused on absolute surrender to the supreme deity, in this case Vishnu. He emphasised the need for naam kirtan, recitation of the names of the Lord in satsanga or congregations of pious devotees. He also encouraged the establishment of satra or monasteries for the transmission of spiritual knowledge and naam ghar or prayer halls. Many of these intitutions and practices continue to flourish in the region. His major compositions include the Kirtana-ghosha.

Question 53

Who among the following was the contemporary of Shankaradeva?

  1. Kabir
  2. Vardhaman Mahavir
  3. Chanakya
  4. Buddha

Ans. (a)

Question 54

Why do we consider Shankaradeva as supreme saint-scholar?

  1. He was a poet, playwright and writer.
  2. He was a musician and social-religious reformer.
  3. He transmitted spiritual knowledge.
  4. He was a learnt person to save from negativity.

Ans. (c)

Question 55

Which of the following cult Shankaradeva followed?

  1. Advaita Vedanta
  2. Brahmanism
  3. Mimansa Darshan
  4. Vaishnavism

Ans. (d)

Question 56

How was Shankaradeva as a person?

  1. Geographer
  2. Historian
  3. Socialist
  4. Religious

Ans. (d)

Question 57

‘Which of the following are the major work of Shankaradeva?

  1. Gita Gyan
  2. Harshcharita
  3. Shaiv Darshan
  4. Kirtana Ghosha

Ans. (d)

Question 58

Why had Shankaradeva given emphasis on Bhagvat Puran?

  1. For the surrender of self in the devotion to Lord.
  2. For the grace of Lord in material things.
  3. For knowing the world in large.
  4. For getting blessings of Lord Vishnu.

Ans. (a)

Section-D

(Map skill Based Questions)

Q. Nos. 59 and 60 both are compulsory.

Question 59

On the given outline political map of India a major Buddhist site has been marked as ‘A’. Identify this place with the help of the following, options.

  1. Shravasti
  2. Sanchi
  3. Bharhut
  4. Nagarjun Konda

Ans. (b)

Question 60

On the given map important city of 14th century has been marked as ‘B’. Identify this place with the help of following options.

  1. Bidar
  2. Chandragiri
  3. Vijayanagara
  4. Tirunelveli

Ans. (c)

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