Board Paper of Class 10 2021 English Language & Literature Delhi (Set 4) - Solutions

General Instructions:

  1. This question paper contains 60 questions out of which 50 questions are to be attempted.
  2. This question paper consists of three Section- Section A, B and Section C.
  3. Section - A - Reading - contains 18 questions. Attempt any 14 question from Q.No 1 to 18.
  4. Section - B- Writing & Grammar - contains 12 questions. Attempt any 10 question from Q.No. 19 to 30
  5. Section - C - Literature - contains 30 questions. Attempt any 26 question from Q.No 31 to 60.
  6. First 14 question in Section A, 10 question in section B and 26 question in Section C will be evaluated.
  7. All questions carry equal marks.
  8. There is no negative marking.
I. Read the passage given below and answer the questions/complete the statements that follow by choosing the most appropriate options from the given ones : (any eight)

In most societies that have any glimmering of civilization, a person accused of wrong doing is given at least a nominal chance of proving his innocence. The Romans had a highly sophisticated/comprehensive system of courts and the members of their legal profession were well educated but the Saxons who followed them to rule Britain used rougher methods.

From about the sixth century A.D. to the eleventh the majority of the trials were in the form of cruel physical torture (carrying a piece of red hot iron, stepping barefoot and blindfold across a floor covered with red hot coals or sometimes by a gentler method of oath — swearing.

The accused was ordered to bring to the Saxon authorities, a police officer or a priest could be persuaded to swear on oath or still a number of persons who would say that the accused was of good character and thus innocent. The number of persons who swore depended on the crime.

A noble/a landlord or a priest counted for up to half a dozen ordinary peasants. As almost everyone lived in small villages, where almost everyone knew everyone else, and very few would risk telling a lie on oath (the people were mostly religious), the truth was generally told. If the accused could not produce enough oath helpers, he was found guilty and punished.

In the eleventh century the Normans introduced trial by battle in certain cases. The accused and the accuser fought with special weapons until one was dead or surrendered. It was believed that God would know the guilty and give the innocent the power to win. The whole idea became ridiculous when both the parties were allowed to hire champions who would fight on their behalf. It seemed likely whoever could pay the more for a stronger professional fighter stood a good chance of winning and judged innocent. This may sound unfair to us but there is a parallel with a wealthy person today who can hire a costly and brilliant barrister to defend him.

In the early middle ages when England was a land of small villages remote from each other, crime tended to be basic and direct : beating up, theft, sex and murder being the main offences. But as towns and manufacturing and commerce grew, the possibilities for cheating and fraud soared. The whole organisation of society became more complex and opened the door to a world of more sophisticated wickedness. With no regular police force, spies and informers were offered rewards when they brought in criminals.

Question 1

England (or Britain) turn by turn came under the rule of:

  1. Saxons ; Romans ; Normans
  2. Normans ; Saxons ; Romans
  3. Romans ; Saxons ; Normans
  4. Normans ; Romans ; Saxons

Ans. (c)

Question 2

The article describes:

  1. The development of the system of justice in England
  2. Civilized societies and justice
  3. Justice v/s Civilisation
  4. Rule of Justice in England

Ans. (a)

Question 3

Study the following statements :

  1. Romans were proud of their judicial system.
  2. There is not much difference between the Norman and modern system of justice.
  1. (A) is right and (B) is wrong
  2. (B) is right and (A) is wrong
  3. Both (A) and (B) are right
  4. Both (A) and (B) are wrong

Ans. (c)

Question 4

Match the following:

  1. Romans       i. A priest to swear for the accused
  2. Saxons       ii. Highly paid lawyers can win a case
  3. Modern       iii. Educated judges and lawyers
  4. Normans       iv. The winner in a battle declared innocent
  1. (A) iv ;     (B) ii ;     (C) i ;     (D) iii ;
  2. (A) iii ;     (B) i ,     (C) ii ;     (D) iv ;
  3. (A) i ,     (B) iii ;     (C) iv ;     (D) ii ;
  4. (A) ii ;     (B) i ;     (C) iii ;     (D) iv ;

Ans. (b)

Question 5

Study the following statements :

  1. In a trial by battle, money played a main role.
  2. God helped the innocent win the battle.
  1. (A) is right and (B) is wrong
  2. (B) is right and (A) is wrong
  3. Both (A) and (B) are right and (A) was the conclusion
  4. Both (A) and (B) are right and (A) was not the conclusion

Ans. (a)

Question 6

Study the following statements :

  1. Saxon system of trial was nobler than that of the Romans.
  2. Saxon system had two aspects – rough and noble.
  3. The rich Saxons could hire champions to argue their case.
  4. Even an innocent person would be held guilty if enough people did not swear for him.
  1. (A) and (B)
  2. (B) and (C)
  3. (C) and (A)
  4. (B) and (D)

Ans. (d)

Question 7

Study the following statements :

  1. Earlier England comprised small villages each with a small population.
  2. Crimes like cheating and fraud were rare.
  1. (A) is an assertion and (B) is the response
  2. (B) is an assertion and (A) is the response
  3. Both (A) and (B) are unrelated assertions
  4. Both (A) and (B) are responses to some other assertions

Ans. (a)

Question 8

Which of the following statements are true ?

The rich have always enjoyed an advantage in the judicial system because

  1. they were physically strong, so would win the trial by fighting..
  2. they could hire the strongest champion.
  3. they can hire the best lawyers.
  4. they could persuade the priest to swear on their behalf.
  1. (A) and (B)
  2. (B) and (C)
  3. (C) and (D)
  4. (A) and (D)

Ans. (b)

Question 9

Which of the following statements are not true?

  1. In the quest for justice the guilty often went unpunished.
  2. For seven hundred years from the sixth-century trial was mostly rough.
  3. Swearing value of a priest was equal to a dozen ordinary peasants.
  4. Use of champions in a trial by battle finds an equivalent in the modern times.
  1. (A) and (C)
  2. (B) and (C)
  3. (C) and (D)
  4. (A) and (B)

Ans. (b)

Question 10

'any glimmering of civilisation' Glimmering'

in the above expression has been used as a metaphor. Glimmering stands for

  1. a slight suggestion
  2. a great hope
  3. some fear
  4. a little confidence

Ans. (a)

II. Read the passage given below and answer the questions / complete the statements that follow by choosing the most appropriate options out of the given ones : (Any six)

Around 194 millions birds and 29 million mammals are thought to be killed each year on European roads, according to a new study that has ranked the most vulnerable species. The research has found that the species killed most often were not necessarily the endangered species. This means action to preserve wildlife when new roads are built risks being targeted at the wrong species based on current methods. Road densities in Europe are among the world's highest, with 50% of the continent within 1.5 km of a paved road or railway. Roads are therefore a significant threat to wildlife, and evidence shows deaths on them could even cause some species to disappear completely.

Despite this, the long-term protection of species is not currently considered when assessing the impact of new roads on wildlife, meaning we risk giving support to only the endangered species, doing nothing to help those most at risk. A better understanding of which species are most vulnerable to roads is therefore important if we are to take a more effective action of protection.

A research team based in Lisbon calculated road-kill rates for 423 bird species and 212 mammal species. They found that small animals with high population densities and which mature at an early age were most likely to be killed on roads. Nocturnal mammals and birds with a diet of plants and seeds were also shown to have higher death rates.

The study also used the road-kill surveys to rank the bird and mammal species whose long-term survival was most threatened by road-kill. The hazel grouse and ground squirrel were found to be the most at risk of local extinction. Both are common in Europe but are classified as species of Least Concern Red list of Threatened Species.

The most vulnerable animals classified as threatened by IUCN were the red-knobbed coot, Balcan mole and Podolian mole. The study revealed that road-kill hotspots were not the areas with the highest population of endangered species. For example, house sparrows had a high road-kill rate (2.7 per km/year) but were ranked 420th of 423 bird species for vulnerability. Conversely, the hazel grouse had a low predicted road kill-rate (0.2 per km/yr) but was most vulnerable of all birds studied.

Question 11

Study the following statements :

  1. Roads are killers for animals.
  2. Both birds and mammals are killed on roads.
  3. Species most killed are necessarily the endangered ones.
  1. (A) is correct and (B) is false
  2. (B) is correct and (C) is false
  3. (A) and (B) both are correct
  4. (C) is correct and (A) is false

Ans. (c)

Question 12

Study the following statements :

  1. Roads have covered 50% of land in Europe.
  2. Road traffic causes a great risk to wild life.
  3. Some species can survive all kinds of traffic on roads.
  1. (A) is correct and (B) is false
  2. (B) is correct and (C) is false
  3. (C) is correct and (A) is false
  4. (A) and (B) both are false

Ans. (b)

Question 13

  1. While planning roads we should see which species to protect.
  2. We are doing a lot to protect those most at risk
  3. 50% of Europe is covered only with roads.
  4. Small animals even with low population density are most at risk.

Ans. (a)

Question 14

  1. More mammals than birds are killed on the roads.
  2. Small animals generally keep away from roads.
  3. Number of road-kills depends upon the population density of small animals.
  4. Animals that come out only at night are saved.

Ans. (c)

Question 15

  1. The surveys ranked the road-kill rate of birds and mammals.
  2. The finding puts grouse and squirrel at great risk.
  1. (A) is an assertion and (B) is the response.
  2. (B) is an assertion and (A) is the response.
  3. Both (A) and (B) are false.
  4. Both (A) and (B) are unrelated to each other.

Ans. (a)

Question 16

Hazel grouse and ground squirrel are classified as species of least concern. The statement is :

  1. a logical conclusion
  2. a piece of good news
  3. ironical
  4. a pleasant surprise

Ans. (c)

Question 17

The title of the study should be

  1. A Birds and Mammals survey
  2. Road-kills
  3. Road density in Europe
  4. Need for conservation

Ans. (b)

Question 18

The purpose of the study is

  1. how to prevent road-kills
  2. to see who is more at risk on the roads
  3. how to plan better roads
  4. to estimate the number of road accident victims

Ans. (b)

Grammar and Writing
Grammar

III. Complete the following statements by filling in the blanks with the help of given options : (any five)

Question 19

I don’t see why you ____ borrow his cycle. You have one of your own.

  1. should
  2. could
  3. may
  4. mighty

Ans. (a)

Question 20

My family ___ in Chennai for five years now.

  1. has lived
  2. has been living
  3. had lived
  4. lived

Ans. (b)

Question 21

____ the letter arrive in your absence, would you like me to forward it to you?

  1. If
  2. Could
  3. Should
  4. Might

Ans. (a)

Question 22

If he came late he ____ be punished.

  1. will
  2. shall
  3. should
  4. would

Ans. (d)

Question 23

By the time we reach the school the bell ____.

  1. will be ringing
  2. will have rung
  3. would have been ringing
  4. would have rung

Ans. (b)

Question 24

Three months ago I ____ a student of this school.

  1. was
  2. had been
  3. have been
  4. could be

Ans. (a)

Writing
IV.

You are Arun. Near the gate of your colony there is a motor mechanic’s workshop. Many cars are parked outside on the pavement and even beyond. Repair work goes on. The surroundings have become filthy, pedestrians are put to trouble. Arun decides to write a letter of complaint, of course, for wider audience/readership. (any five)

Question 25

The letter will be addressed to:

  1. The Sanitary Inspector
  2. The Municipal Commissioner
  3. State Minister of Health
  4. Editor of a local newspaper

Ans. (a)

Question 26

Subject of the letter should be

  1. Problems caused to pedestrians
  2. Inconvenience caused by the next door workshop
  3. Insanitary conditions at the colony gate
  4. A health hazard

Ans. (b)

Question 27

Arun decides to write this letter as:

  1. he has a personal problem with the owner of the workshop.
  2. a matter of social concern.
  3. he intends to contest the next municipal election.
  4. he is very health conscious

Ans. (b)

Question 28

He will arrange the contents of the letter in this way:

  1. noisy surroundings
  2. action requested
  3. garbage littered
  4. public inconvenience
  5. the health hazard
  6. location of the workshop
  1. B, A, C, E, D, F
  2. F, D, A, C, E, B
  3. A, C, E, B, D, F
  4. F C, E, D, A, B

Ans. (b)

Question 29

What kind of action would Arun suggest ?

  1. Fine to be imposed on the workshop
  2. Notice on lack of cleanliness to be issued
  3. Workshop to be shifted
  4. Periodic visits of the Health Inspector

Ans. (c)

Question 30

The correct closing of the letter should be:

  1. Your’s faithfully
  2. Yours faithfully
  3. Yours truly
  4. Your’s truly

Ans. (b)

SECTION - C
(Literature)
This section has sub-sections V, VI, VII, VIII and IX. There are a total of 30 questions in this section. Attempt any 26 questions from the sub-sections V to IX.

V. Read the extract given below and attempt the questions / complete the statements that follow :
As for Maddie, this business of asking Wanda every day, how many dresses and how many hats, and how many this and that she had was bothering her. Maddie was poor herself. She usually wore somebody’s hand-me-down clothes. Thank goodness, she didn’t live up on Boggins Heights or have a funny name.

Question 31

Maddie was

  1. afraid of Peggy.
  2. as much fun loving as Peggy.
  3. a kind soul and poor.
  4. in love with Wanda.

Ans. (a)

Question 32

  1. Maddie was sympathetic towards Wanda.
  2. Maddie didn’t like Peggy.
  1. (A) is true and (B) is false.
  2. (B) is true and (A) is false.
  3. Both (A) and (B) are true.
  4. Both (A) and (B) are false.

Ans. (a)

Question 33

  1. Maddie joined Peggy in making fun of Wanda.
  2. Maddie’s parents were poor.
  1. (A) is the cause and (B) is the effect
  2. (B) is the cause and (A) is the effect
  3. Both are contradictory
  4. (A) shows the cruel nature of Maddie

Ans. (c)

Question 34

‘Boggins Heights’ is significant in the story as

  1. it is a poor neighbourhood
  2. it is the capital city
  3. Maddie did not live there
  4. it is a rich colony

Ans. (a)

Question 35

Maddie was

  1. poor and proud
  2. poor, so sympathetic
  3. poor and sympathetic
  4. timid, so fun-loving

Ans. (b)

VI. Read the extract given below and answer the questions / complete the statements that follow :

The moment the letter fell into the mailbox the postmaster went to open it. It said : “God : of the money that I asked for, only seventy pesos reached me. Send me the rest, since I need it very much. But don’t send it to me through the mail because the post office employees are a bunch of crooks. Lencho.”

Question 36

Lencho wrote the second letter as he was:

  1. unhappy
  2. curious
  3. hopeful
  4. thoughtful
  5. confident
  1. (A), (C) and (E)
  2. (A), (B) and (C)
  3. (B), (E) and (A)
  4. (C), (D) and (E)

Ans. (a)

Question 37

The postmaster opened the letter expecting it to:

  1. be full of thanks to God
  2. show his happiness
  3. be full of anguish for getting less money
  4. be accusing God of being miserly
  1. (C) and (D)
  2. (A) and (B)
  3. (A) and (D)
  4. (D) and (B)

Ans. (b)

Question 38

On reading the letter the postmaster was

  1. surprised
  2. dismayed
  3. pleased
  4. puzzled

Ans. (a)

Question 39

‘the post office employees are a bunch of crooks. The statement is :

  1. thoughtful
  2. sad
  3. dismissive
  4. ironic

Ans. (d)

Question 40

Find the suitable word from the extract to complete the following: sanctioned : approved :: demanded : ______

  1. fell
  2. reached
  3. went
  4. asked

Ans. (d)

VII.Read the stanzas given below and answer the questions / complete the statements that follow:

He should be snarling around houses

At the jungle’s edge,

Baring his white fangs, his claws,

Terrorizing the village!

But he’s locked in a concrete cell,

His strength behind bars,

Stalking the length of his cage,

Ignoring visitors.

Question 41

Study the following statements :

  1. The villagers don’t feel happy that the tiger is caged.
  2. We feel sad that the tiger is caged.
  3. The tiger is happy that he doesn’t have to hunt for his food.
  1. (A) is right and (B) is wrong
  2. (B) is right and (A) is wrong
  3. (C) is right and (A) is wrong
  4. (A) is wrong and (C) is right

Ans. (b)

Question 42

We should protect the tigers as :

  1. they are majestic to look at.
  2. they attract visitors to the zoo.
  3. they are ferocious.
  4. they are part of our environment.

Ans. (d)

Question 43

The tiger terrorizes the villagers as;

  1. by killing their cattle.
  2. as he does not like to be hunted.
  3. as they have cleared his habitat.
  4. as he has got tired of being in the forest.

Ans. (c)

Question 44

‘A tiger in the zoo ignoring visitors’ is an example of

  1. Metaphor
  2. Simile
  3. Irony
  4. Personification

Ans. (c))

Question 45

The tiger is reacting to his imprisonment in the zoo by :

  1. quietly walking in the cage
  2. showing his anger openly
  3. stalking in the cage
  4. ignoring visitors

Ans. (d)

VIII. Read the extract given below and answer the questions / complete the statements that follow:

He escaped easily enough from the boys who followed his footprints in London. But his adventures were by no means over. He had chosen a bad time of the year to wander about London without clothes. It was mid-winter. The air was bitterly cold and he could not do without clothes. Instead of walking about the streets, he decided to slip into a big London store for warmth.

Question 46

The greatest problem for the invisible man was that:

  1. being invisible he could do nothing.
  2. he could not buy clothes to wear.
  3. he was hungry but could not buy food.
  4. without clothes, he was feeling cold.

Ans. (d)

Question 47

He could escape from the boys as

  1. the boys were careless.
  2. the boys too felt cold in the winter night.
  3. the invisible man was cleverer than the boys.
  4. he went along a street where there was no mud.

Ans. (d)

Question 48

  1. It was stupid on his part to come out on a winter night.
  2. He was not completely stupid, though.
  1. (A) is right and (B) is wrong.
  2. (B) is right and (A) is wrong.
  3. Both (A) and (B) are right.
  4. Both (A) and (B) are wrong

Ans. (c)

Question 49

After getting rid of the boys the invisible man felt:

  1. relieved
  2. partly relieved
  3. anguished
  4. comfortable

Ans. (b)

Question 50

The phrase ‘slip into’ means the same as :

  1. fall into
  2. enter quietly
  3. enter boldly
  4. move out

Ans. (b)

IX. Attempt the following:

Question 51

Has given my heart

A change of mood (Dust of Snow)

What is the poet’s mood now?

  1. Appreciative of nature
  2. Thoughtful
  3. Happy
  4. Cool

Ans. (c)

Question 52

‘Paper has more patience than people’ (Anne Frank) Which of the following is not true ?

  1. One can write anything on paper
  2. People have good ears for listening
  3. One can write one’s diary even at night
  4. One may express one’s anger on paper

Ans. (b)

Question 53

‘In life, every man has twin obligations’. (Nelson Mandela) The ‘twin obligations’ are

  1. first to his community and the second to his country .
  2. first to his family and the second to his country.
  3. first to his country and the second to his parents.
  4. first to his community and the second to his family.

Ans. (b)

Question 54

‘He had in fact seen his older brother catch his first herring and devour it.’ (His First Flight)

How did ‘he’ feel?

  1. Angry
  2. Greedy
  3. Jealous
  4. Hungry
  1. A and B
  2. B and C
  3. C and D
  4. D and A

Ans. (d)

Question 55

Mr. Keesing was annoyed with Anne as :

  1. she was weak in maths.
  2. she had not done her home work.
  3. she was a naughty girl.
  4. she was very talkative.

Ans. (d)

Question 56

The loss of possession should make one feel : (The Ball Poem)

  1. angry
  2. responsible
  3. sad
  4. careless

Ans. (b)

Question 57

The Black Aeroplane is a/an ____ story.

  1. ghost
  2. adventure
  3. mystery
  4. true

Ans. (c)

Question 58

For Tricky’s present condition:

  1. Both Mrs. Pumphrey and Tricky are to blame.
  2. Only Tricky is to blame.
  1. (A) is right and (B) is wrong.
  2. (B) is right and (A) is wrong.
  3. Both (A) and (B) are right.
  4. Both (A) and (B) are wrong.

Ans. (a)

Question 59

It was quite pleasant working for Anil as

  1. he was quite rich.
  2. he never complained.
  3. he was a very simple person.
  4. he could be easily fooled.

Ans. (b)

Question 60

Griffin became a homeless wanderer because he:

  1. was an eccentric scientist.
  2. was very greedy.
  3. had to go without clothes.
  4. had set fire to his landlord’s house

Ans. (d)

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