Topic : Going to School
Collect some bricks. Lay them on the ground in a line as shown in the picture. Try walking on them.Was it easy ?
Do you think it would be easier to walk on this bridge barefoot or with shoes or slippers ? Why ?
It will be easier to walk on the bridge bare foot as toes give a better grip than shoes or slippers.
Look around you—Where all do you see use of pulleys ? List them.
(i) In wells, (ii) In cranes, (iii) while hoisting flags.
How is this bridge different from a bamboo bridge ?
It is more stable, pucca and broad.
How many people do you think can cross the bridge at one time ?
More than twenty.You have seen how children use different kinds of bridges, to cross rivers and other uneven areas to reach school.
If you had a chance, which bridge would uou like to use ? Why ?
I would like to use cement bridge as it is easier to walk on it and it is safe, too.
Do you have to cross any bridge on the way to your school ? If yes, what is the bridge like ? Draw its picture.
Yes, I have to cross a bridge on the way to my school. It is neither too old nor a new one, but it is strong enough. Make the figure yourself.
Is there any bridge near your house ?
Where is the bridge-over water, over a road, between two mountains or some where else ?
It is made over water (a river).
Who all use the bridge ? Is it used by people on foot and also by vehicles and animals ?
Bridge is used by all, people on foot and also by vehicles and animals.
Does the bridge seem to be old or is it new ?
It is new.
Imagine what difficulties there would be, if the bridge was not there ?
If there would not have been a bridge there, it would have created problems for people to cross the river. They would have to use the boat and there would have been danger of drowning in the river.
Have you seen any other kind of boats ?
Can you think of other ways by which we can travel on water ?
Raft, shikara, steamers, tubes etc.
Have you ever sat in a camel- cart or horse carriage (tonga) ? Where ? Did you climb on it yourself, or did someone help you ?
Yes, in a horse carriage in our neighbouring area. The driver of the tonga helped me to climb it.
How did you feel riding in the cart ? Also share your experience in the class also.
I was very much excited as it gave me a feeling of rolling one way or other.
Do you have bullock-carts where you live ?
Does it have a roof ?
What kind of wheels do they have ?
Can you ride a bicycle ? If yes, who taught you to ride ?
Yes, a friend taught me to ride.
How many children come on bicycles to your school ?
Do you have such vehicles in your area ?
What do you call them in your area ?
Would you like to ride in something like this ? Why ?
Yes, to have fun.
Can you tell why it is called jugad ?
Because it is being made of different parts of different vehicles.
Can you think of a place where none of these vehicles can reach ?
Have you ever been in a thick jungle or any such place ?
Yes, I have been in a thick jungle once. I was on a trip with my family.
Have you ever seen so much snow ? Where ? In films or somewhere else ?
I have seen snow in films.
Do you think that such places have snow all the time ? Why ?
Yes, these places have snow all the time because they are at great height from the surface of earth and are very cold.
Do you face difficulties on the way to your school ?
Which is the best month in which you like to go to school ? Why ?
In the month of October which is neither too hot nor too cold.
Do you also have punishment in your school ? What kind ?
Yes, I am punished by way of fine in my school.
Do you think that punishment should not be there in schools ?
I think there should be little punishment to teach a lesson to bad students.
If you come across any such incident, whom will you inform ?
To the headmaster.
How will you make a complaint ?
By writing an application to the headmaster.
Topic : Ear to Car
Do you think that the animals whose ears we cannot see really do not have ears ?
No, some of them have ears.
Name the animals in the picture ?
Can you see their ears ?
Have you ever seen an animal without hair or whose hair has been removed ?
In which list did you put the cow and the buffalo ?
Two lists : (i) Ears can be seen (ii) Has hair on skin.
From a distance can you see hair on their skin ?
Could you see the hair ?
If you were to meet an elephant, would you dare to touch it ?
Have you seen animals around your house or school that have small babies ? Write their names in your notebook.
Yes, dog, cow and cat are seen around my house and have small babies
Have you ever kept a pet ? Does anyone you know keep a pet ?
No, I have never kept a pet. My friend has a pet parrot.
Which animal is it ?
Does it have a name ? What is it ?
Who gave it this name ?
My Friend’s brother.
What does it like to eat ?
Meat, bread, chapati, biscuits and milk.
How many times a day is it given food ?
When does it sleep ? For how long does it sleep ?
In the day time for two hours only.
Is there any special way to look after this animal ? How ?
Yes, it is washed with a special soap. It is washed with anticeptic solution of dettol.
Does it get angry ? When ? How do you know it is angry ?
Yes, it gets angry. When a stranger enters in the house. He scratches the cage with his claws to tell that he is angry.
Does it has hair or feathers on its skin ?
It has hair on its skin.
Can you see its ears ?
Yes, I can see its ears.
Is it a baby or a young animal or a full grown animal ?
A young animal.
Will this pet animal lay eggs or give birth to babies ?
It will give birth to babies.
Does it have young ones ?
Have you seen any animal that looks a little like Dinasaur ? Do you know its name ?
Yes, a lizard.
Look at this animal. Write its name. Do you know that this is our National Animal ?
Tiger. Yes, I know that Tiger is our National animal.
Where does it live ?
In the forest.
The numbers of this animal are going down in India. Discuss why this could be happening ?
1. Hunting of tigers for skin, bones etc. is the main reason for decrease in number of
2. Cutting trees and forest is another reason of decrease in number of tigers.
Topic : A Day with Nandu
Nandu is only three months old, but he weighs 200 Kilograms. What is your weight ?
Can you find out-the weight of how many children like you will add up to Nandu’s weight ?
200 ÷ 20 = 10= About ten.
If you were Nandu, and you lived in a herd. What kind of things would you do ?
Play, Eat, have fun.
In the elephant herd, the oldest female decides everything. Who takes decisions in your family ?
Both my father and mother together take decision in my family.
Nandu did things that he liked to do. If you could spend a whole day with your friends, what all would you do ?
I would ride bicycle, Play piano, play hide and seek, eat lots of chocolates and drink soda.
How do elephants feel when they are kept in chains ? Discuss and share your feelings ?
Elephants do not feel good.
Have you ever taken a ride on an elephant ? How did it feel ?
Yes, I felt very excited while riding on elephant’s back.
Which animals have you sat on ? Write their names.
Horse and Camel.
Why do you think the egret is sitting on the buffalo ?
It is eating insects present on skin of buffalo.
You have read what these animals say. Why do you think that some of them are sad ?
Because they are being used by men but not treated well.
How do you think that they are different—the monkey that dance to entertain the people and the monkeys that are free ?
The monkeys that dance are not free, they are not well fed and they are hurt when they do not act well according to their owner. While free monkeys enjoys their life. They eat, sleep, dance at their own wish.
How many legs does this elephant have ?
It has four legs. Since elephant has a long trunk which can be mistaken as leg.
Topic : The Story of Amrita
Is there a place near your house, school or along the road side, where trees have been planted ?
Yes, trees have been planted along the roadside.
Why were they planted there ?
These were planted in order to get shade and fruits.
Have you seen anyone taking care of the trees ? Who does this ?
I have not seen anyone taking care of these trees. Nobody looks after them
Have you seen fruits on any of the tree ? Who eats these fruits ?
Yes, on mango trees. Small children and passers by eat these fruits.
Lalita feels that grass and small plants growing near her school wall have not been planted by anyone. Do you know of any place where grass, small plants or trees are growing on their own without planted by anyone ?
Yes, grass grows on its own in the fields.
Why do you feel they are growing on their own ?
Nobody has planted grass and plants but still they are growing on their own.
Do you remember what the elders of this village used to say ?
The elders of this village used to say, ‘‘Agar perh (plants) hain to hum hain.’’ Plants give us food, clothes and fresh air. Animals give us food and clothes.
Do you think we could survive if there were no trees and no animals ?
No, we can not survive without trees and animals. Trees provide us food, clothing and shelter.
Do you remember that in Class III, you had made a tree your friend ? How is your friend now ?
It is growing well.
Does the tree flower ?
Do the flowers remain on the tree throughout the year ?
No, the flowers do not remain on the tree throughout the year.
In which month do the leaves fall ?
The leaves fall from the trees during the month of December.
Do fruits grow on the tree ?
Yes, fruits grow on the trees.
In which months do they grow ?
Fruits grow in the months of April, May and June.
Have you eaten these fruits ?
Yes, I have eaten these fruits.
Why do people hunt ?
People hunt because of following reasons.
(i) For enjoyment and fun
(ii) For getting meat, bones and skin of animals.
There are rules against hunting of some animals. People can be punished for hunting. Why do you think there is this punishment?
The rules provide punishment to those who indulge in hunting. These rules are there to protect the innocent animals. A few months ago film actors had to face legal action for hunting a black buck.
Which birds did they see around them when they were of your age ?
When my grandparents were in my age they could see the following birds and animals.
Birds : Sparrow, Pigeon, Parrot, Cuckoo, Mynah.
Animals : Goat, Cow, Dog, Deer, Tiger.
Have the number of some of these birds become less ?
Yes, the number of cuckoo has become less.
Are there some birds or animals which they cannot see any more ?
Yes, dianosaur is an animal which is not seen anymore.
Shanti’s grandfather told her that when he was a small child he saw more birds like sparrows and Mynah than he sees today. Can you make two guesses why their numbers have become less ?
The number of birds like sparrows and Mynah has become less due to :
2. Cutting of forests indiscriminately so as to reduce their shelter area.
The Khejadi tree was the most common tree that grew in Amrita’s village. Which kind of trees can you see a lot of in your area ? Name two such trees.
Mango and apple.
Topic : Anita and the Honeybees
How much money did you spend on your books this year ?
I spent some one thousand two hundred rupees on my books this year.
What kind of a school uniform would you like to wear ? Draw a picture of it in your notebook and colour it ?
I would like to wear white shirt and navy-blue half pant and blue tie in my uniform.
Do you know someone who wanted to study, but could not do so ? Talk about them in the class.
Yes, I know one boy in my neighbourhood but could not. He left his studies after the death of his father. He left his studies for want of funds.
Have you seen any insects near flowers ? Find out their names and write.
Yes, I have seen insects like butterfly and honeybee near flowers.
Why do you think they come to the flowers ? Find out.
Honeybees are attracted towards flowers and plants bearing sweet fruits. Honeybees suck nectar from the flowers. On the other hand butterflies are attracted towards flowers due to their gorgeous colours.
When honeybees fly, there is a kind of sound. Can you try to copy this sound ?
Honeybees when fly produce buzzing sound. Yes, I can.
What do people in your area put on the part of the body where the bee has stung ?
People in my area put slaked lime (chuna) a white powder on the part of the body where the bee has stung.
What will be the total cost of Anita’s 20 boxes ?
Anita and others in her village get ` 35 for one kilogram of honey. How much does one kilogram of honey cost in your town ?
In my town, the cost of one kilogram of honey is ` 160.
What are the different colours of honey that you have seen ?
Pale and golden brown.
Is honey used in your house ? What is it used for ?
We take one spoon each, of honey, every morning. It keeps us slim and healthy.
Which are some other insects that live together in a group, like honeybees ?
Ants, termites and wasps live together in groups like honeybees.
Have you seen where ants live ?
Ants live in nest inside the soil.
What kind of eatables attract ants ? List them.
Grains, fruits and sweets and dead insects.
Look at a line of ants. What is its colour ?
The colour of line of ants may be either black or red.
Every child has a right to free education upto class VIII. Do you think that all children are able to study upto class VIII ? Discuss.
All children are not able to study even upto class VIII due to various reasons. Some of
these are :
1. That the family may be too big and parents may not be able to support them and they may require child’s help in their bread earning activity.
2. The parents are illiterate and poor and cannot help them to understand their study material. Secondly, they are poor so they can not spend on their tuitions, with the result the child drop out.
There may be many more reasons for not being able to study upto VIII and they drop out.
Topic : Omana’s Journey
Why was it so crowded at the door of the coach ?
Since every passenger wanted to board and alight at the earliest, so the door of the coach was crowded.
Have you ever travelled in a train ? When ?
Yes, while going to my maternal uncle’s house at his son’s marriage.
What food would you like to take with you when you travel ? Why ?
Chapati with vegetable that does not turn bad so easily (say karela) salad, fruit and sweets.
What does ticket-checker do ?
The ticket-checker checks the ticket of all passengers to ensure that passengers have occupied proper seats.
How will you recognise the ticket-checker ?
The ticket-checker will be recognised by his black coat and badge.
What did Omana see from the window ?
From window Omana saw hawkers selling various eatables. One man was calling Chai ! garam chai. The other calling “batata vada ! batata vada !” and still other calling “doodh thanda doodh !”
What are some of the things that are sold at railway stations ?
Vendors were selling peanuts, Biscuits, chips, cold drink, puri-chole and many fruits.
Why do you think there was no water in the bathroom of the train ? Discuss.
When I went to the bathroom of the train, I found that water pipe had broken and water was leaking too much.
Imagine that you are going on a long train journey. What are the things that you will take with you to help pass the time ?
I will take with me story books and novels on my long train journey to help me pass my time.
Can you recognise who are those people shown in the picture ? What work do they do ? Discuss.
1. Coolie : He carries luggage of the passengers.
2. Guard : He waves flag to signal for starting or stopping the train.
3. Driver : He runs the train and controls its speed.
4. Ticket-checker : He checks the tickets of the passengers and helps them to take their proper seat.
5. Railway Police : Provides security and safety to passengers.
6. Sweeper : He cleans the platform and train as well.
7. Ticket Seller : She sells tickets to the passengers.
Topic : From the Window
What was the difference in the scene that Omana saw from the train on the first day and on the second day ?
On the first day we were at Madgaon of Goa. The scene outside was beautiful. It was green-fields with red soil and green crops, hills, covered with trees. On the next day we were in Kerala and our train crossed a big river with river down below and then through a tunnel. Outside it was sunny, bright and green. There were many coconut trees and greenfields.
Omana saw many kinds of vehicles at the level-crossing. Which of them run on diesel or petrol ?
Omana saw the following vehicles as the level-crossing which run on diesel or petrol :
On diesel : Trucks and cars.
On petrol : cars, autorickshaws, motorcycles, scooters.
Why was there so much smoke and noise from the vehicles at the level crossing ?
People on vehicles were held up at the level crossing due to the passing of train. Some people did not switch off the engines of their vehicles while waiting. So there was a lot of smoke and noise of the vehicles.
What can we do to reduce noise of the vehicle and save petrol and diesel ? Discuss.
We should switch off the engine while at red light. We should avoid horn to reduce the noise. We should use bicycle for small distances.
Sometimes people cross the tracks even when the crossing is closed. What do you feel about this ?
This is against the law, I feel bad about this.
Have you seen any bridges ? Where ?
Yes, in Kolkata.
Have you ever crossed a bridge ? Where ?
Yes, in Kolkatta.
What was the bridge built over ?
What did you see below the bridge ?
I saw river water below the bridge.
Find out why bridges are made ?
Bridges help us to cross over rivers or uneven areas like mountains.
Have you ever been through a tunnel ? How did you feel ?
Yes, I did not feel terror instead I enjoyed.
The route from Goa to Kerala has a total of 2000 bridges and 92 tunnels ! Why do you think there are so many bridges and tunnels ?
It is because the route is through mountaineous regions and full of rivers.
Imagine and draw in your notebook what Omana saw under the bridge when her train crossed it ?
Do it yourself.
Imagine, if on the way there had been no tunnels and bridges, how would Omana’s train have crossed the mountains and rivers ?
In the absence of tunnels and bridges Omana’s train could not have crossed mountains and rivers.
Which languages do you speak at home ?
Hindi and some times Gujarati.
On the way from Gujarat to Kerala Omana’s train went through several states of our country. Find out and list which states it crossed.
Maharashtra, Goa, Karnataka and Tamilnadu.
Did you ever have coconut water ? How did you find it ? Discuss.
Yes, I had coconut water. Once I was walking on the road going home. A vendor was sitting on the roadside selling coconuts for water. I was thirsty and I had it.
Topic : Reaching Grandmother’s House
Omana travelled by different kinds of transport after she got down from the train. Can you remember what these were ?
Autorickshaw, Bus and Ferry.
On which vehicles have you travelled ?
I have travelled so far on autorickshaw, scooter, bus, train, car, bicycle, truck, and boat.
Which ride did you enjoy the most ? Why ?
I enjoyed riding on car. It was very comfortable ride.
Omana left Ahmadabad on 16 May. How many hours did it take for her to reach Ammummas’s place ?
It took some 54 hours to reach Ammumma’s place.
Have you ever been on a long journey ? Where did you go ?
Yes, I went to Arunachal Pardesh.
How long did your journey take ?
It took some 68 hours for this journey
Omana’s Appa bought tickets for the train and the bus. Can you think of other means of transport for which we need to buy tickets ?
Yes, we some time need to buy tickets for aeroplane when we need to go to places by air.
Sometimes we need to buy tickets to enter place. Can you think of such places ?
Cinema, Circus, Zoo, Cricket match, Magic show, Planetarium.
From which station did the train start ?
How many minutes did the train stop at Ahmedabad stations ?
For twenty minutes.
On which day of the journey did the train reach Madgaon ?
Sunil and Anu got off at Kozhikode station. Omana got off at Kottayam station. How many hours does the train take to reach Kottayam from Kozhikode ?
What is the distance that train travelled over the whole route ?
Topic : Changing Families
Who were the members of Nimmi’s family before the arrival of her baby sister ?
Father, Mother, grandmother, uncle and Nimmi.
How many members are there in Nimmi’s family now ?
After the arrival of Nimmi’s baby sister there are six members in Nimmi’s family.
How will Nimmi spend her day now ?
Playing with the new baby.
What new work will her mother do now ?
Looking after the new baby.
There will be a change in the daily work of Nimmi’s father, grandmother and uncle with the arrival of the new baby. Can you tell how ?
They all will be busy playing and looking after the little baby.
Has a small brother or sister been born in your home or in any house in your neighbourhood ?
Yes, a boy is born in our neighbourhood.
How does it feel to have a new baby at home ?
It feels very nice to have a new baby at home.
How have things changed at home with the new baby ?
Everybody is happy and busy playing with the new baby.
When was the baby born ?
In the month of last March.
Is the baby a boy or a girl ?
The baby is a boy
How are you related to him or her ?
He is my brother.
Where was the baby born ?
In the hospital.
Who does the baby look like ?
He looks like my father.
What is the colour of his or her hair ?
What is the colour of his or her eyes ?
Does the baby have any teeth ?
Yes, one teeth.
What do we feed the baby with ?
My mother feed him with her milk.
What is the baby’s length ?
How many hours a day does the baby sleep ?
More than 16 hours.
What different sounds does the baby make ?
Sometimes he cries and sometimes he snores.
Who does the baby stay with most of the time ?
Topic : Omana’s Journey
When Tsering’s father showed the letter to his family, how do you think the different members would have felt ?
At first all the members of Tsering’s family felt happy knowing about his promotion, later they became little sad for Tsering’s father was required to join at new place.
Who from Tsering’s family will live with his father at the new place ? Which school will Tsering go to now ? Will he have new friends ?
Tsering him self, his mother and his sister will live with his father at the new place. He will now have new friends.
Has anybody in your family moved to a new place because of work ?
Yes, my uncle.
What do you feel about this change ?
I feel sad about this change.
Where has she or he come from ?
She came from Lucknow.
What was his or her old school like ?
Her old school is like this one.
What does he or she find different here ?
Here the students are different, different uniform and different language.
Does he or she like the change ?
She does not like this change as of now but will adjust after some time ?
Do you think that there will be any change in Nazli’s family after this wedding ? What will change ?
After this wedding there will be a new member in Nazli’s sister in-law, in Nazli’s family.
Do you think that there will be changes in the home from where the new bride has come ? What kind of changes ?
Yes, they may be missing her.
Who were the members in their families then ?
Their parents, their brothers and sisters.
Has anybody in four family been married recently ? Who ?
My sister has recently been married in our family.
What kind of special food is cooked ?
Shahi paneer, rice pulao, dal makhani, mixed vegetable etc. are cooked.
What special clothes do the bride and bridegroom wear ?
Bride and bridegroom wear well decorated traditional clothes.
What kinds of songs and dances are performed in weddings ?
Traditional and modern songs are sung and dances are performed at weddings.
There can be many reasons for changes in families. Can you think of some more reasons ?
1. Change of place.
2. Death of a member of family.
3. Loss in business.
All families change in some way or the other because of different reasons. Has your family changed too ?
When your grandmother and grandfather were children like you, was your family just like it is today ?
Can you see yourself anywhere in this family tree ? Who are the members of your family today ? Where are your grandparents ?
Yes. Father, mother, brother, sister, grandfather and grandmother. My grandparents are at the top of the family tree.
Can you tell in what ways the family tree of your grandmother or grandfather in their childhood is different from your family tree today ?
My grandfather and grandmother were at the bottom of the family tree during their childhood. Now today grandfather and grandmother are as the top of family tree.
Upto which class do you want to study ?
Upto which class have your parent’s studied ?
Till which class did your grandmother get a chance to study ?
At what age did your grandmother got married ?
Have you heard of a Law that talks about the ages before which girls and boys must not get married ?
Girls must not get married before 18 years and boys before 21 years of age
Are there any such children in your neighbourhood who had to drop out of school ? Do they want to go back to school?
Yes. They do not want to go back to school.
What are they doing these days ?
They are settled in their family business.
Has anybody in your family got married recently ? Who ?
Yes, my cousin.
What was the age of the bride and the groom.
The bride was of 24 years and groom of 28 years of age.
What kind of dresses they wore ?
Bride—Very beautiful sari
What kind of dishes were there ? Name them.
Matar—paneer, rice, mixed vegetable, curd, tandoori roti, missi roti, dal fry, etc.
Topic : Hu Tu Tu, Hu Tu Tu
When you play Kabaddi, how many players do you have in a team ?
How many players got out when Shayamala touched the line ?
When Shyamala touched the line, all the girls of the opposite team were holding her. So all of them got out.
Do you have ways to resolve disputes in games ?
Yes, our elders help us in this matter. They listen to the arguments of both the teams and then arrive at a decision who is right and who is wrong.
Try to hold your breath and keep saying ‘Kabaddi-Kabaddi’. How many times could you say it ?
How many times can you say it, while you are playing Kabaddi ? Is there any difference ?
While playing Kabaddi I can say it 10-15 times. The no. of times of saying is reduced.
What does it mean to be ‘out’ in games ? When does one gets ‘out’ in Kabaddi ?
When one gets ‘out’ in Kabaddi, it means he will not be allowed to continue to play. In
Kabaddi player gets out in the following events :
(i) If he is stopped by the opposite team.
(ii) If he touches opposite players and returns back to his team’s side.
(iii) If he looses breath and stops saying ‘‘Kabaddi-Kabaddi’.
In some games it is very important to touch the player. For example in the game of Kho-Kho, you get ‘out’ when someone touches you. You also get your turn by someone’s touch. Name some games in which it is very important to touch the players ?
Kabaddi, Kho-Kho, Chupa-Chupi etc. are some of the games in which it is important to touch the players of opposite team.
What are the games in which, besides the players, you have to touch some things or colours ?
Touch things Kho-Kho
Touch colours Colour race
Do you play Kabaddi ? Is there a girl’s Kabaddi team in your school ? Do you think that your grand-mother played Kabaddi when she was of your age ? Ask her.
Yes, I play Kabaddi. In our school there is a girl’s Kabaddi team. My grandmother did not play Kabaddi because in those days girls were not allowed to play Kabaddi.
Have you learnt any game from a coach ? Which one ?
Do you know anyone who has learnt any game from a coach ?
My nephew is learning Swimming from a coach.
How does a coach teach ? How does a coach make a player practice ? How hard do you think the players have to work ?
Coach guides the player and tells him the laws and rules of the game. Sometimes he/she becomes very hard for the players when they make mistakes. Coach loves and sometimes scolds his/her player. A player has to practice very hard to achieve his goal.
Imagine that there are 15 children to play Kho-Kho. They must form two teams with equal numbers (7 each). Then one player will be left. What will you do if this happens ? Have you ever become the ‘extra person’ in the middle ? Write about this.
The extra person plays for both the teams. Yes, when we play cricket in the street, sometimes I become an ‘extra person’.
Topic : The Valley of Flowers
Have you ever seen so many flowers growing together anywhere ? Where ?
Yes, on the hillside.
How many differently coloured flowers have you seen ?
Now you were just left counting, weren’t you ?
Which flowers can you recognise by their scent even with your eyes closed ?
Rose and Jasmine.
Which flowers bloom all the year round ?
Kumudini and Rose.
Which flowers bloom only in certain months ?
Marigold and Tulip.
Have you ever seen a board like this put up anywhere ?
Do people pluck flowers even when this board is there ?
Why do you think they do this ?
They do this in order to break the rule.
Should they do this ?
No, they should not do this.
What would happen if every body plucked flowers ?
There would be no flower left.
What is the colour of the flower ?
What kind of scent does it have ?
Aromatic and pleasant.
What does it look like—a bell, a bowl, a brush or anything else ?
Do these flowers grow in bunches ?
How many petals does it have ?
Are all the petals joined together or separate ?
Outside the petals, can you see any green leafy structure ? How many are there ?
Inside the petals, in the middle of the flower, can you see some thin structures ? Write the colour.
When you touch these, do you find a powdery thing on your hands ?
What differences do you find between a flower and a bud ?
Bud is small and closed, flower is big and open.
Ask your friends the names of the different flowers that they have seen. How much time did it take their buds to became flowers ?
Also observe how many days the same flower took to dry up ?
How is rose water used in your house ?
Rose water is used in medicines (eye drops), sweets and lassi etc.
Can you think of a colour of which there is no flower ?
Silver or Grey.
Do you know when such songs are sung ?
During marriage of a male.
Do you or anybody else at home know other such songs ?
Yes, my grandmother knows such songs
Where do they bring these flowers from ?
Why do people buy flowers ?
For decoration, for worship and as a token of love.
Have you seen flowers offered at many religious places ?
Yes, I have seen flowers offered at temples and other religious places.
What do we do when they dry up ?
How will you use them ?
Has the flower-seller learnt to make bouquets or a net of flowers from anybody ? From whom ?
Yes, from his mother and father.
Would you like the other members of their family to do this work ? Why ?
Yes, so that all the members can help each other.
Topic : Changing Times
Where did she or he live ? Name that place
She lived in Dera Gazikhan, a place in Pakistan.
From what material was her or his house made ?
Her house was made of mud mixed with husk bamboo and twings of trees and wood for doors and windows.
Did they have a toilet in their house ?
In which part of the house was food cooked ?
In a separate kitchen.
A lot of mud was used when Chetandas house was made. Why ?
Mud helps to keep the house cool during Summer and Warm during Winter.
What material have been used in making your house ?
Cement, sand, gravels, bricks, iron rods, wood etc have been used in making my house.
Find out the material from which your friend’s house is made ? Is there any difference ? Write about it.
My friend’s house is made of cement, sand, brick, iron, marble, granite and wood etc. The difference is that his house has granite floor.
What kind of house do you think Chetandas grandchildren will live in ?
The grandchildren of Chetandas will live in cemented house.
Where would you like to live when you grow up ? What kind of house would you like ?
I would like to live in my ancestral house at my native village. I would like to have pucca house with lintel.
You had written about the things that your grand- parent’s house was made of. Has some of those material been used in your house ? Name them.
Yes, wood has been used in my house and it was also used in making grandparent’s house for doors and windows.
In your place, what do you call a person who works with wood ?
What is being built there ?
How many people are working there ?
Some fifteen persons are working.
What kind of work are they doing ?
Some are making a mixture to sand and cement, some are carrying the mixture over their heads from one place to another, some are carrying bricks and some are culting wood to make doors and window frames.
How many men and women are working there ?
There are about seven women and eight men working there.
Are any children working there ? What are they doing ?
No child is working there for it is illegal to put children to work.
Where do these people live ?
Helpers live near the construction site in temporary hutments while others they live at their places.
What are the materials being used for making the building ?
Cement, sand, bricks, wood and iron etc.
Topic : A River’s Tale
What is the colour of the river where it begins ?
It is transparent and colourless.
At some places, there are many fishes in the river at others there are only a few and at some places there are dead fishes. What could be the reason for this ?
The fishes require fresh and pure water. Where there are many fishes in the river, the water is fresh and pure which enables them to survive. When people throw wastes from their houses and factories, the water of river becomes polluted and unfit for fishes to survive so that their number decreases at that place.
What can be seen in the river before it reaches the village ?
Large number of fishes can be seen in the river before it reaches village where the water of river becomes polluted.
At which places did the colour of the water in the river change ? Why did this happen ? Discuss.
In those places where the factories are situated near the river, the river water changes colour. It is because polluted water from factories is thrown into river.
Which of the places shown in the picture would you like to live in ? Why ?
I would like to live at the places which are showing clean water in the picture.
Would you like to change any of the things that you see in the picture ? Why and how ?
I would like to remove the waste material dumped on the bank of the river. And if not removed this material would contaminate river water.
Have you seen people throwing different things into rivers or water bodies ?
What could be done to keep rivers clean ? Discuss.
Industrial wastes and sewage should not be thrown into the river water.
If you wanted to drink some water, from which part of the river would you like to drink ? Why ?
I would like to drink water from little below the surface of water and from a place where there is no dumping of waste material.
In the last part of the picture the river flows into the sea. Have you ever seen the sea ? Where ? In a movie, or some where else ?
I have actually seen sea in Chennai.
Have you ever been near a river or sea ? When ?
I have been several times near river Ganges with my parents. It is because my maternal uncle lives at Roorkee.
Show with your hands, how the waves in the sea move ?
As you know, the sea waves move up and down. The children are to show themselves the movement of the sea waves.
Is the water from the sea drinkable ? Why ?
Since sea water is salty, it is not drinkable.
Do you think that there would be changes taking place in a river, pond or stream at different times of the year ? What kind of changes would these be ? Discuss.
Changes to take place in a river, pond or stream at different times of the year. During rainy season there is more water and water is muddy. In winter, there is little water while in summer these even dry up sometimes.
Will there be the same amount of water in the ponds or rivers during the rainy season and in summer ?
No, there will be more water during rainy season and less water in summer season.
Is there a pond, river or lake near your town or city ?
Yes, there is a river near my town.
Are there any changes in the water during summers, the rainy season and in winters
Yes, during rainy season there is more water and in winters and in summers, quantity of water is less.
What are the different kinds of water animals found there ?
There are different kinds of fishes, small as well as large found there.
What kind of trees and plants grow around it ?
Grass and Banana trees.
What are the kinds of birds that come there ?
Many kinds of birds come there. Even migratory birds from other countries come there.
Have you ever seen or read about floods ? Where ?
I have read about floods in Mumbai and Bihar. I have seen it live on T.V. also.
What happens when there is a flood ?
There is water and water everywhere. There is a loss of life and property during floods.
Have you seen dirty water in a river or pond ? Where ?
Yes, during rains.
How would you know if the water is dirty ? If the water looks clean, can you be sure that it is alright to drink that water ? Discuss.
Even if water looks clean and transparent if may still contain certain dissolved impurities and micro organisms which can cause diseases. So we cannot be certain to say that this water is alright to drink.
Do you think that like the river in the picture your river or lake can also be affected ?
From river. Yes, our river water can also be affected.
Do all things dissolve in water ?
No, all things do not dissolve in water.
Does the colour of the water always change ?
Did oil dissolve in water ? How can you say whether it has dissolved or not ?
No, oil does not dissolve in water. Since it does not disappear in water and forms a separate layer in water.
Colour of the water may not change even after some things are dissolved in it. Would you say that these are absent in water ?
No, we cannot say that.
How is drinking water cleaned in your house ?
First of all alum is added to water which helps to settle suspended particles of dust etc. Then it is poured out in some other vessel and filtered. In the end, chlorine tablets are added to this water to kill germs present, if any.
Topic : Basva’s Farm
Find out from a farmer or some elders in your family. What kinds of crops are grown in your area ?
Wheat, rice and vegetables.
Draw any crop which you have seen in the field ?
Do it yourself.
Basva helps his father in the field. Do you help the elders in your family in their work ? What do you help with ?
Yes, I help my mother in cleaning and sweeping the room.
Why is Basva not able to attend school for some days ?
It is because the onions have grown and are ready to be taken out at the right time or else these would rot out in the field. Everyone has to work in the field. So Basva will be helping his father in taking out onions from the field. So he will not be able to attend the school for some days.
Are there any fields near your house ? What is grown there ?
Yes, there are fields near my house where potatoes are grown.
Topic : From Market to Home
Does anyone in your house have to get up very early ? What time does he or she get up ? Why do they need to get up so early ?
Yes, my mother has to get up early in the morning. She gets up early at 4 AM. She has to get up so early to prepare food for my father who has to go to work to some other place by train and train leaves at 5.30 in the morning.
Babuji sells the previous day’s vegetables first. Why do you think he does this ?
It is because the vegetable is a perishable item and cannot be kept for a long and is likely to be spoiled. So in order that it may not spoil he sells the previous day’s vegetables first.
Have you seen dried or spoiled vegetables ? Where ?
Yes, I have seen sometimes dried or spoiled vegetables in the kitchen.
How did you know that the vegetables were spoiled ?
The vegetables become over ripe, colour is whithered and water starts coming out giving foul smell.
Chhotu is helping his family. What do you think Chhotu has learnt from it ?
He learnt to help elders and also learnt that previous day’s vegetables are sold first.
How do you help the elders in your family ?
I help my mother in the kitchen and in doing some household jobs.
From where do you get vegetables for your home ? Who brings the vegetables ?
We get vegetables from vegetables market. My father brings vegetables.
The next time when you get okra (Bhindi) at home, look at them carefully. Are all of them of the same size ?
No, they are not of the same size.
What is his or her name ?
How many people are there in his or her house ? How many children are there at house ?
There are five people in his house. Three of them are children.
What are the names of the children ? How old are they ?
Son—Rakesh—18 years old
Son—Naresh—15 years old
Daughter—Ritu—13 years old
Who all help in the work of selling vegetables ?
His wife and elder son.
Who all stay with the vegetable cart or sit in the shop ?
He himself and his elder son stay with vegetable cart while his wife stays in the shop.
What vegetables do they sell ?
Onion, Potato, Tomato, Cabbage and Cauliflower.
What time do they start work ?
They start early in the morning at 5 O’clock.
For how many hours in a day do they work ?
How many years ago did Giju bhai write this letter ?
73 years ago.
This letter talks about many different birds. How many of these birds have you seen ?
I have seen crow, cuckoo (koel) and dove.
How many other birds have you seen ? Which ones ?
Sparrow, parrot and crow.
Have you seen a bird’s nest ? Where did you see it ?
Yes, I have seen a bird’s nest in the branch of a tree in our courtyard.
Which is your favourite bird ? Can you show your friends in the class how it flies, and what sound it makes ?
My favourite bird is cuckoo (koel). It makes koo-koo sound.
Do you know of any other bird that makes its nest in a tree trunk like the barbet does ?
It is woodpecker that makes nest in the tree trunk.
Where is the nest made ?
On a branch of a tree.
Is the nest ready or are the birds still making it ?
It is ready.
Can you recognise which bird has made the nest ?
Yes, Sparrow has made it.
What things does the bird bring to the nest ?
Straw and dried leaves or cotton thread.
Is there any bird sitting in the nest ?
Do you think there are any eggs in the nest ?
Can you hear any sound like ‘chee-chee’ from the nest ?
If there are chicks in the nest, what do the parent birds bring for them to eat ?
Small insects, grains etc.
How many times, in one hour do the birds come to the nest ?
After how many days did the chicks leave the nest ?
Some forty five days.
Look at your friend’s teeth. Are there different kinds of teeth ?
Yes, there are different kinds of teeth
Can you see any difference between these teeth ?
The front teeth are flat.
If you did not have front teeth (both top and bottom) how would you eat a guava ? Act and show how ?
Do it yourself (Eat guava without using you front teeth).
You do not have any teeth in your mouth. What kind of things would you be able to eat ?
Halwa, Khichri, Bread soaked in milk, Kheer (Semi liquid) etc.
Find out from old people who do not have teeth—what are the kind of things that they cannot eat ?
They cannot eat hard things like Tandoori Roti, Almond and Peanut etc.
Why did Nandita have to bring her mother from the village to Mumbai ?
Nandita’s mother was sick. There being no proper diagnose and treatment in the village, mother had been brought to Mumbai for treatment, because Mumbai is a big city with all modern medical facilities
Nandita used to feel like vomiting when at first she had to use the toilet where Mama lived. Why ?
The toilet where Mama lived was used by many people but was not cleaned by anyone. So it got dirty and started giving foul smell. Nandita when first used this toilet felt vomiting.
In what ways did Nandita find her Mama’s house to be different from her house in the village ?
Nandita’s house had separate kitchen, separate bathroom and small, courtyard. On the other hand, Mamas house had no separate kitchen, no separate bathroom and no courtyard.
Topic : The Valley of Flowers
What differences did Nandita find between getting water from the public tap and in the village ?
In village, Nandita could take water from village pond at anytime during the day. Moreover there is no rush of people taking water. The availability of water in the city from public tap is only during fixed hours. Moreover there is a long queue of water takers.
Was there electricity at the place where Nandita’s mama lived ? Guess.
Electricity was available at the place where Nandita’s mama lived.
Who was looking after the patient at the hospital ?
Yes, my friend Ankush was admitted in the hospital.
(i) For five days
(iii) Nurse and his brother was looking after Ankush.
Have you ever seen a tall building ? Where ?
Yes, at Mumbai.
How many floors did the building have ?
How many floors did you climb ?
I climbed five floors and the remaining floors I went up by lift.
When Nandita first came to Mumbai, what were the things that she was afraid to do ?
Nandita when first came to Mumbai was afraid of :
(i) seeing from top floor down on the earth.
(ii) going in a lift.
(iii) boarding a crowded bus etc.
Where does the water come from in your house ?
From Municipal water supply.
Is there an electricity connection in your house ? How many hours in a day do you get electricity ?
Yes, we have got electricity connection in our house. We get electricity for 12 hours a day.
Which is the nearest hospital in the area where you live ?
A private hospital ‘‘Kapil Hospital’’.
Why does Mama have to change his house ?
Since a hotel was to be constructed in place of Mama’s house. So mama’. house had to be demolished.
Have you ever moved from your house ? If yes, why did you have to move ?
Yes, we had to move from our house when father got transfered to Mumbai.
Do people in your family have to go far for their work ? Where do they go ? How far do they have to go ?
Yes, my brother has to go to a city. He has to go 35 kilometers away.
Is it right that Mama and others have to move because a hotel is going to be built there ?
No, it is not right.
Who will benefit from this ?
The owner of the hotel will be benefited.
Who will face difficulties ?
The people who have to move out for they will be losing their living place.
Do you know of any people who have faced problems similar to Nandita’s Mama ? Talk about this in the class.
Twenty families who were living in that building had to face same difficulties as Mama had to face due to demolition of the twenty storey building.
Topic : Too Much Water,Too Little Water
How can unclean or dirty water harm our body ?
Unclean or dirty water if used can cause water-borne diseases and harm our body.
Have you ever got dirty or unclean water in your area ? What was the reason for this ?
Yes, it was due to leakage of pipe.
Do you know anyone who has fallen sick because of such water ? Talk about this.
I know that my friend fell sick because of such dirty water. He, because of unclean and dirty water, had dysentry.
When the guest came to Suguna’s house, they offered him a cold drink, because they thought he should not drink such water. What do you think Suguna’s family must be doing for their own drinking water ?
The members of Suguna’s family must be adding chlorine tablets or alum to unclean water to make it fit for drinking.
The guest said he did not take cold drinks. Why do you think he said this ?
The guest knew that cold drinks are aerated and may cause problem in his digestive system. That is why, he refused to take cold drinks.
Have you ever faced shortage of water in your house ? When ?
Yes, during summer.
What did you do then ?
We had to bring water from water tankers sent to our locality by Municipal Committee.
Have you ever played in water ? Where and when ?
Yes, in swimming pool and while playing games in a water park.
Are there times when you are not allowed to play in water ? What are the reasons for this ?
There are times when we are not allowed to play in water because of the following reasons
1. Water is too deep.
2. Water is dirty
3. There is a shortage of water particularly during summer.
Have you seen wastage of water in your area ? Discuss.
Yes, people leave the taps open after use.
Why was Raziya worried when she read the newspaper ?
She was worried to read in the newspaper that gutter water had got mixed with the drinking water.
Raziya asked that all the water that was filled the previous day should be thrown. Could this water have been used for something else ? What kind of things ?
This water could be used for washing clothes, cleaning of floors, washing the latrine and watering plants.
In what way did she plan to clean the water ?
Do you know of different ways to clean the water ? Describe them.
Different ways to clean the water are :
1. By boiling
2. By adding alum
3. By filtering
4. By adding chlorine tablets
5. By adding Potassium permanganate (Lal Dawai) etc.
Suppose, Raziya had not read the news and everyone had drunk the water without boiling it, what could have happened ?
As everybody had drunk contaminated water so they all may suffer from diarrohea, vomitting and dysentery.
Where Deepak lives, everyone has to stand in a queue to fill water from the common public tap. In Raziya’s house, water comes all day in the tap. Why is this ?
There is no facility of water storage and there was no network of water pipes in Deepak’s locality. So everyone has to stand in a queue to fill water from common public tap. Where as in Raziya’s house there was proper facility of water storage. So water comes all day in the tap.
Raziya read news about the water in the newspaper. Have you read any news about water in the newspapers ? What kind of news ?
Yes, I have read news about water in the newspaper. It was about non-availability of drinking water in a village.
If there is no tap, matka or handpump, then how do you get drinking water ?
From water tanks provided by ‘Jal Board’.
Is there water in all the taps or handpumps ?
Is there any tap which is leaking or dripping ?
Are all the matkas filled with water and are they covered ?
No, but all remain covered.
Are the matkas and other water containers cleaned regularly ?
How is water made safe for drinking ?
By using chlorine or alum.
Is there a long-handled ladle to take water from the matka or container ? How many ladles are there per container ?
Yes, there is long handled ladle for each matkas.
Is the place around the drinking water-taps or matkas cleaned regularly ?
Why do the drinking water places get dirty ?
Sometimes we wash hand and our face there.
What can we do to keep these places clean ?
We should not wash hands or face at such places.
How often (once a day, once two days, etc.) are the containers or matkas and ladles cleaned ? Who cleans them ?
The containers are washed daily by the peon.
How many children are there in your school ? How many taps, matkas or handpumps are there ? Are these sufficient for children ?
Thousand children, 12 taps, 15 matkas, 7 handpump. Yes, these are sufficient.
Who cleans the place near the water ?
Where does the water that is spilt go ?
It reaches the garden through drain pipe.
What are the toilet arrangements in your school ?
How many toilets are there ?
Are there separate toilets for girls and boys ?
Is there water in the toilets ?
Where does the water come from ?
Is there water for washing hands near the toilet ?
Do you wash your hands after using the toilet ?
Is there any tap that is leaking or dripping
Are the toilets kept clean ?
How many boys and girls are there in your school ?
How many toilets are there for girls, and how many for boys ?
If there are no taps, who brings the water for the toilet ? From where does the water have to be brought ?
There are taps. So, there is no need to bring water.
Who keeps the place clean ?
What can be done to keep the toilets clean ?
These should be cleaned regularly.
What can each of us do for this ?
We can avoid throwing garbage there and should flush every time we use it.
Have you seen toilets at bus stands or railway stations ? How are they different from the toilets at home ?
The toilets at these places are less clean as compared to toilets at our homes.
Topic : Abdul in the Garden
The stick which was stuck in the ground fell very easily. It was difficult to pull out a small grass. Why ?
The roots of the grass are strong and held firmly in the soil. So it was difficult to pull the grass out. On the other hand, there is no root of the stick, so that it fell very easily.
Topic : Too Much Water,Too Little Water
Do all the plants have roots ?
Yes, all plants have roots.
After three days. Abdul saw that one broken part of the pea plant had dried. Guess which part would have dried up ? Why ?
The delicate stem of the peaplant would have been broken so that water and minerals could not reach the leaves. The leaves, therefore, dried up.
Why do you think the neem tree did not fall despite the strong wind ?
The roots of the neem tree are spread out and deep and to large distance on the sides holding the soil firmly so that despite strong wind it does not fall.
On putting water in the soil where the plants are growing, the droping leaves become fresh again. How ?
Water and minerals are absorbed by the roots of the plants and reach the leaves so that leaves become fresh again.
What do you feel, do all plants need water ?
Yes, all plants need water. Some need less water and some others need more.
Which of the plants around you need regular watering ?
What will happen ; if nobody gives water to these plants ?
These plants will dry up.
Abdul realised that he never watered the huge neem tree. ‘‘Where did it get its water from ?’’ he thought. Which of the plants around you do not need watering. Where do they get water from ? Make two guesses.
Mango and Peepal tree do not need watering. Their roots are deep in the soil and they get water from deep under the soil through their roots
Abdul wondered whether radish was a root. Why did he think so ?
Yes, radish is a kind of root. It can store food for the plant.
How deep must the roots of this plant be going ?
Roots of the plants must be going 20 cm to 5 m deep in the soil.
How do the roots get water ?
Roots absorb water from the soil.
How big will this plant grow ?
This plant will not grow much.
What will happen to the wall ?
A crack will develop and increase in the wall.
Can you give the name of the plant in the picture ?
Have you ever seen a plant growing from a crack in a wall ? Where was it ? Did you have any questions when you saw it ? What were some of your questions ?
Yes, it was in the boundary wall of school building.
Would someone have uprooted such a big tree or would it have fallen on its own ?
Yes, someone must have uprooted such a big tree.
How old would this tree be ?
More than fifty years.
Abdul on seeing a tree surrounded by cemented ground, thought that how will it get rain water ?
Rain water will reach the roots through small opening in the soil from where it will reach all other parts of the tree.
Which are the oldest trees in your area ? Find out from your elders how old the trees are ?
The oldest trees in my area is Peepal tree. People say that it is some 80 years old.
Have you ever seen any big tree that had fallen down ? What did you think when you saw it ?
Yes. I have seen a big neem tree that had fallen down due to storm. I saw it some five years ago.
What difference did you observe in the seeds after soaking ? Compare with dry seeds and write.
It is observed that soaked seeds have sprouted while dry seeds have not shown such thing.
What do you think would happen if the cotton wool had been left dry ?
If the cotton wool would had been left dry, the seeds would not sprout.
In which direction did the roots grow ? And the stem ?
Roots always grow in the downward direction towards the soil while stem grows in the upward direction.
How big did the plant grow in the cotton wool ?
About 3-4 inches.
Did small plants come out from all the seeds ?
No. Small plants only come out from the soaked seeds.
What is the colour of the roots ?
Did you see any hair on the roots ?
Try and pull out one little plant from the cotton wool. Were you able to pull it out ? Why ?
It was difficult to pull out little plant from the cotton, wool. It is because roots have gripped the cotton.
Did you see how the root grip the cotton wool ? Do you think that the roots hold the soil in the same way ? Also look at the plants grown by your friends.
Yes. The roots grip and hold the soil in the same way.
Has your height increased ? How much taller have you grown in the last one year ?
My height has increased by 6 cms.
What other part of your body keeps growing ? Some people cut it regularly.
Hairs of my body keep growing, which some people cut regularly.
Topic : Eating Together
Do you like to eat with others ?
Yes, I like to eat with others.
On what occasions do you eat together with your friends ?
On festivals and in parties.
Have you ever had a party in your class ? When ? What all did you do to arrange a party ?
Yes. A party was arranged on the day of ‘‘Basant Panchmi’’. Everyone in the class brought cooked food and other eatables. We ate together and enjoyed a lot. We sang and danced together.
What did you and your classmates bring to the party ?
I and my classmates brought cooked food and other eatables such as cake, pastries, samosa and cold drink to the party. We also brought buntings and balloons.
What all did you eat ?
We all ate cake, pastries, samosa, food, brought from home and cold drink.
Who were the people you invited for the party ?
We invited seniors, teachers and parents to the party.
Were there some people who work in your school, whom you could not invite ? Who were these people ?
Yes, we did not invite the clerical staff to the party.
Did you wear any special dress for the party ?
No, we did not wear any special dress for the party. All were wearing gorgeous clothes.
What are the things that you can do to make the party greater fun for everyone ? Discuss.
We can invite the physically challanged children to the party to make it a greater fun for everyone.
Where is the festival of Bihu celebrated ?
It is celebrated in Assam.
Which are the festivals you celebrate together with other families ?
Bihu, Holi and Diwali etc. are the festivals we celebrate with other families.
Does everyone cook and eat together on such festivals ?
What are some of the special dishes that are cooked ? How are they cooked ?
It is cheva rice. At first water is boiled in a big vessel (tao). Then Kadhahi containing soaked rice is put in tao. It is then covered with banana leaves. After sometime it will be found that cheva rice have been cooked. It is now ready to serve.
Are some special vessels used for cooking these items ? What are they ?
Yes, Kadahi and tao are some special vessels used for cooking these items
Which is the biggest vessel that is used ? Can you draw a picture of it ? Can you guess how many people can eat the food that is cooked in it at one time ?
Tao and Kadahi.In these vessels, food can be cooked at one time for about 300 people.
Can you guess how many people must have eaten together in the village feast ?
About 300 people must have eaten together in a village feast.
Have you ever seen the bihu dance. Did you like it ?
Yes, I like it very much.
Do you wear clothes of some special colours on some festivals ? Make a picture of these clothes in your notebook ?
On Bihu festival, women are dressed up in pat and Muga mekhala-chador. On the other hand, men are dressed in white Dhoti and red pat.
Are there special songs that are sung at different festivals in your place ? Learn some of these songs and sing them in the class.
Yes, as on Bihu when Mezi is lighted (put on fire) all sing and dance together while on Lohri festival a special song ‘‘Sunder Mundriye, Tera Kaon Vichara’’ is sung.
When you meet friends of your own age do you do anything special-like play a game, chat or watch a movie ? What else do you do ?
We sit together and chat and thereafter play some game.
What time is the meal served ?
After four periods.
What do you get in the meal at school ?
Chapati, mix vegetable, dal, salad and rice-curry.
Do you like the mid-day meal that you get ?
Yes, I like it.
Is the food that you get enough for you ?
Yes, it is enough.
Do you bring your own plate, or do you get it in school ?
I get plate in the school.
Who serves the food ?
Class teacher with the help of a peon
Do your teachers eat with you?
Is the week’s meenu put up on the school board ?
Yes, the week’s menu is put up on the school board.
What will you get on Wednesday and Friday ?
Chapati, Matar Paneer and Halwa.
If you got a chance to change the menu for the meal in your school, what would you like to change ? What would you like to eat ? Make your own menu.
If you do not get food in the school, find out why ?
t may either due to non-receipt of funds or the teacher incharge has not come to school for some reasons beyond his control.
Where will you lodge your complaint about the mid day meal ?
Find out the toll free phone number, the website or e-mail address to make a complaint ?
Topic : Food and Fun
In what ways is boarding school different from other schools ?
In boarding school, all students live away from their parents. There they live together, play together and eat together. On the other hand, in other schools, students daily come to school in the morning and go back home in the evening.
What kind of food do they get there ?
They get all kind of food which they get in their homes.
Where do the children sit and eat in the boarding school ?
In the dining hall.
Who cooks food for the children in the boarding school ? Who serves the food ?
The school employee (cook) cooks the food for the children. Helper serves the food.
Who washes the vessels ?
The peon washes the vessels.
Do the children miss home-made food sometimes ?
Yes, when they do not get any food item of their choice and taste.
Would you like to go to a boarding school ? Why ?
I would like to go to a boarding school because children enjoy a lot where there are no parents to smile them.
The ‘cooking and eating together’’ in a Gurudwara is called langar. Have you ever eaten in a langar ? Where and when ?
Yes, on the eve of ‘Guru Purab’ in the langar hall of Gurudwara Sahib.
How many people were cooking and how many were serving the food there ?
About fifteen people were cooking and some twenty people were serving the cooked food.
Are there other occasions when you have eaten with many people ? Where and when ? Who cooked and served the food ?
During Durga Puja and Shivratri in a temple. The cooks (Halwai) cooked the food where as committee members or volunteers served the cooked food.
Topic : The World in My Home
In your home too, do people quarrel over fans, TV, newspapers, chairs or anything else ?
Yes, I and my sister quarrel over newspaper. We both want to read newspaper and know the news at the earliest.
In your home, who settles such quarrels ?
Have you ever seen people quarrelling over something elsewhere ? What ?
Yes, I have seen people quarrelling over a seat in railway compartment during journey.
Does this kind of thing happen in your house or in any of your friend’s house ? What do you think about this ?
No, this kind of thing does not happen in my house.
Do you think that there should be different rules for girls and boys, women and men ?
No, the rules should be same for boys and girls, women and men.
If you were to write a different ending for this story, how will you end it ?
When Kulfi-seller made a mistake and charged for five Kulfis instead of seven, the children were very happy but Pilloo Aunty paid for seven Kulfis. The Kulfi-seller gave one Kulfi free of cost to Pilloo Aunty as a reward for her honesty.
Is there anyone in your family who is like Pilloo Aunty ? Who ?
My parents are like Pilloo Aunty. They always teach us to be honest.
What would the children have thought if Pilloo Aunty had paid less money to the Kulfi-seller ? What do you think about this
Had Pilloo Aunty paid less to the Kulfi-seller, the children would have thought that Pilloo Aunty is very smart and dishonest. Her image must have been lowered in the eyes of the children.
What do you think Akshay will do ?
He will drink water.
Why was Akshay confused ?
When Anil handed Akshay a glass of water, he suddenly remembered his grandmother’s warning. This made him confused and put him in a state of ‘to be or not to be’.
Do you know of anybody who thinks like Akshay’s grandmother ?
Yes. An old lady in our neighbourhood thinks and behaves the way Akshay’s grandmother does.
Do you agree with Akshay’s grandmother ?
What do you think Akshay should do ?
He should drink the glass of water.
If you were in Dhondu’s place what would you do ?
I would also buy the grinding machine
Has it ever happened with you that you wanted to do something but the elders in the family did not allow you ?
Yes, it has happened.
Who takes important decisions in your family ? What do you feel about this
My father takes important decisions in our family. He uses his experience and thinks a lot to arrive at right decisions.
How would you like if only one person made all the decisions for your family ?
I do not like it because different persons have different choices and limitations. So decisions made by one person may not be liked by the other person. Secondly this would make the other people dependent and handicap for they would never be able to take decisions in life.
Have you ever disliked anybody’s touch ? Whose touch did you dislike ?
Yes, my friend’s brother
If you were in Ritu’s place, what would you do ?
I would request uncle not to touch me and talk to my mother.
What else can be done when such things happen ? Discuss.
I can tell my parents also. Better I should not visit his place.
Everybody’s touch is not the same. Ritu did not like it when Meena’s uncle held her hand, but she liked to hold Meena’s hand. Why do you think there was this difference ?
Different people have different ideas, nature and behaviour. People of similar nature and choices like each other.
Topic : Pochampalli
Vani and Prasad learnt this beautiful craft from their family members. When they grow up, do you think they will be able to teach their children the skills of this craft?
They will not be able to teach them, I think. Since after their studies they will find some job and will not continue this craft activity.
What were they weaving and where ?
I have seen weavers weaving special cloth called Pochampalli in Mukhtapur village in Andhra Pradesh.
The threads of a saree are dyed. Do you know of any other thing that is dyed ?
Cotton threads and also cotton and woollen clothes are dyed.
If you visit Vani’s village it seems as if the entire village is weaving sarees. Do you know of any other work which many people housing in one place do ?
I have seen all people living in the same locality doing wooden carving
Do they make some article ?
Yes, they make furniture or decorative articles of wood.
Find out the process of making of article ? What are the different steps ?
1. Preparing wood as surface.
2. Making drawing with pencil.
3. Cutting to its size.
4. Etching on wood.
5. Inserting copper wire and then stroking it.
Do men and women do different kinds of work to make this article ?
Yes, women do only light work.
Do children also contribute in making this article ?
Yes. They help their parents in doing this work and later they also take to the same work.
Where did they learn to do their work ?
From their parents
What else did they need to learn to be able to do this work ?
In schools or institutes where they are taught these skills.
Have they taught this work to anybody in their family, or to anyone else ?
Yes, to their children
Topic : Home and Abroad
Why do you think many trees cannot grow in desert areas ?
It is because there is sand everywhere and no water except sea water which is not suitable for plants.
Do you have any relatives who live in another country ?
Yes, My sister who lives in U.S.A.
How long have they lived there ? Did they go there for studies or for work ? Was there any other reason ?
She is there for the last seven years. She had gone there to pursue further studies.
To which country does this currency belong ? How did you know ?
It is Indian currency. It is written on the top of it.
Whose picture can you see on the notes ?
Mahatma Gandhi our Rashtra Pita.
Can you find any number on the notes (other than the value) ?
Yes, it is the serial number of the note.
Take a ten rupee note and observe it carefully. How many languages can you see on the note ?
How many of these coins do you recognise ?
All the eight coins.
What is written on each coin other than the value ?
Topic : Spicy Riddles
Did you enjoy the potato chaat ?
Yes, I enjoyed it very much.
ust imagine, if there were no spices to make the potato chaat, how would it taste ?
It would be tasteless.
How do spice-less and very spicy things feel on your tongue ?
Very bad and tasteless.
Topic : Defence Officer : Wahida
Do you know anyone who is in defence services ? Is the person in the Navy, Army or Air Force ?
Yes. He is in Air Force.
What work do they do in the force ?
They protect the country from external invasion.
Would you like to join the defence services ?
Which of the three would you like to join—the Army, the Navy or the Air Force ?
In which other jobs do people wear uniforms as in defence services ?
Doctors, Nurses, B.S.F., Pilots.
Wahida works as a doctor in the Indian Navy. Can you name the other occupations in the Navy ?
Band Master, Clerk, Diver
Have you ever seen a parade ? Hold a parade in your own school and try giving thirty-six-commands for example, “Parade, Eyes Right.” Don’t move. “Close in”, “Open file”. Can you add some more commands to this list ?
“Right turn, “About Turn”, Left Right, Left Wheel etc.
Do you know any woman who has done something unusual ? Talk to her, what were the difficulties she faced in her life ?
Do it yourself.
Topic : Wake up !
How do you go to school ?
Chuskit goes to school on father’s back because of her legs. On the other hand, I go to school by school bus.
Find out where Ladakh is ? What kind of a place is it ?
Ladakh is in Kashmir. It is a mountainous and cold place.
What are the things that you enjoy doing in school ?
Reading and playing outdoor games.
Do you like going to school ?
Yes, I like.
Would you like it if you never could go to school ?
Who all helped Chuskit to reach school ?
All children helped Chuskit to reach school.
If you were Abdul what would you have done ?
Whatever Abdul has done.
At last, Chuskit could reach school. Do you think that she may face some difficulties in school ? What kind of difficulties ? If you were Chuskit’s friend, how would you help her ?
She may find it difficult to go from one bench to another if situation so demands. In that situation I would help her to move.
Do you have ramps in your school on which a wheel chair can move ?
Yes, we have ramps built in our school.
Do you know any child near your house who cannot go to school because of some difficulty ? Would you like to help such a child ? How will you help ?
Yes, there is one boy in our neighbourhood who is blind. I would help him and take him daily to school
Look at the buildings around your house. Can a wheel chair go inside the building ?
No, not in all buildings. A wheel chair can be taken only in those buildings which have ramp.