NCERT Solutions for Class 4 Environmental Studies

Topic : Going to School

Question 1:

Collect some bricks. Lay them on the ground in a line as shown in the picture. Try walking on them.Was it easy ?



Question 2:

Do you think it would be easier to walk on this bridge barefoot or with shoes or slippers ? Why ?


It will be easier to walk on the bridge bare foot as toes give a better grip than shoes or slippers.

Question 3:

Look around you—Where all do you see use of pulleys ? List them.


(i) In wells, (ii) In cranes, (iii) while hoisting flags.

Question 4:

How is this bridge different from a bamboo bridge ?


It is more stable, pucca and broad.

Question 5:

How many people do you think can cross the bridge at one time ?


More than twenty.You have seen how children use different kinds of bridges, to cross rivers and other uneven areas to reach school.

Question 6:

If you had a chance, which bridge would uou like to use ? Why ?


I would like to use cement bridge as it is easier to walk on it and it is safe, too.

Question 7:

Do you have to cross any bridge on the way to your school ? If yes, what is the bridge like ? Draw its picture.


Yes, I have to cross a bridge on the way to my school. It is neither too old nor a new one, but it is strong enough. Make the figure yourself.

Question 8:

Is there any bridge near your house ?



Question 9:

Where is the bridge-over water, over a road, between two mountains or some where else ?


It is made over water (a river).

Question 10:

Who all use the bridge ? Is it used by people on foot and also by vehicles and animals ?


Bridge is used by all, people on foot and also by vehicles and animals.

Question 11:

Does the bridge seem to be old or is it new ?


It is new.

Question 12:

Imagine what difficulties there would be, if the bridge was not there ?


If there would not have been a bridge there, it would have created problems for people to cross the river. They would have to use the boat and there would have been danger of drowning in the river.

Question 13:

Have you seen any other kind of boats ?



Question 14:

Can you think of other ways by which we can travel on water ?


Raft, shikara, steamers, tubes etc.

Question 15:

Have you ever sat in a camel- cart or horse carriage (tonga) ? Where ? Did you climb on it yourself, or did someone help you ?


Yes, in a horse carriage in our neighbouring area. The driver of the tonga helped me to climb it.

Question 16:

How did you feel riding in the cart ? Also share your experience in the class also.


I was very much excited as it gave me a feeling of rolling one way or other.

Question 17:

Do you have bullock-carts where you live ?



Question 18:

Does it have a roof ?



Question 19:

What kind of wheels do they have ?



Question 20:

Can you ride a bicycle ? If yes, who taught you to ride ?


Yes, a friend taught me to ride.

Question 21:

How many children come on bicycles to your school ?


About fifty.

Question 22:

Do you have such vehicles in your area ?



Question 23:

What do you call them in your area ?



Question 24:

Would you like to ride in something like this ? Why ?


Yes, to have fun.

Question 25:

Can you tell why it is called jugad ?


Because it is being made of different parts of different vehicles.

Question 26:

Can you think of a place where none of these vehicles can reach ?


Mountaineous regions.

Question 27:

Have you ever been in a thick jungle or any such place ?


Yes, I have been in a thick jungle once. I was on a trip with my family.

Question 28:

Have you ever seen so much snow ? Where ? In films or somewhere else ?


I have seen snow in films.

Question 29:

Do you think that such places have snow all the time ? Why ?


Yes, these places have snow all the time because they are at great height from the surface of earth and are very cold.

Question 30:

Do you face difficulties on the way to your school ?



Question 31:

Which is the best month in which you like to go to school ? Why ?


In the month of October which is neither too hot nor too cold.

Question 32:

Do you also have punishment in your school ? What kind ?


Yes, I am punished by way of fine in my school.

Question 33:

Do you think that punishment should not be there in schools ?


I think there should be little punishment to teach a lesson to bad students.

Question 34:

If you come across any such incident, whom will you inform ?


To the headmaster.

Question 35:

How will you make a complaint ?


By writing an application to the headmaster.

Topic : Ear to Car

Question 36:

Do you think that the animals whose ears we cannot see really do not have ears ?


No, some of them have ears.

Question 37:

Name the animals in the picture ?



Question 38:

Can you see their ears ?



Question 39:

Have you ever seen an animal without hair or whose hair has been removed ?



Question 40:

In which list did you put the cow and the buffalo ?


Two lists : (i) Ears can be seen (ii) Has hair on skin.

Question 41:

From a distance can you see hair on their skin ?



Question 42:

Could you see the hair ?



Question 43:

If you were to meet an elephant, would you dare to touch it ?



Question 44:

Have you seen animals around your house or school that have small babies ? Write their names in your notebook.


Yes, dog, cow and cat are seen around my house and have small babies

Question 45:

Have you ever kept a pet ? Does anyone you know keep a pet ?


No, I have never kept a pet. My friend has a pet parrot.

Question 46:

Which animal is it ?


A dog.

Question 47:

Does it have a name ? What is it ?


Yes, Tommy.

Question 48:

Who gave it this name ?


My Friend’s brother.

Question 49:

What does it like to eat ?


Meat, bread, chapati, biscuits and milk.

Question 50:

How many times a day is it given food ?


Four times.

Question 51:

When does it sleep ? For how long does it sleep ?


In the day time for two hours only.

Question 52:

Is there any special way to look after this animal ? How ?


Yes, it is washed with a special soap. It is washed with anticeptic solution of dettol.

Question 53:

Does it get angry ? When ? How do you know it is angry ?


Yes, it gets angry. When a stranger enters in the house. He scratches the cage with his claws to tell that he is angry.

Question 54:

Does it has hair or feathers on its skin ?


It has hair on its skin.

Question 55:

Can you see its ears ?


Yes, I can see its ears.

Question 56:

Is it a baby or a young animal or a full grown animal ?


A young animal.

Question 57:

Will this pet animal lay eggs or give birth to babies ?


It will give birth to babies.

Question 58:

Does it have young ones ?



Question 59:

Have you seen any animal that looks a little like Dinasaur ? Do you know its name ?


Yes, a lizard.

Question 60:

Look at this animal. Write its name. Do you know that this is our National Animal ?


Tiger. Yes, I know that Tiger is our National animal.

Question 61:

Where does it live ?


In the forest.

Question 62:

The numbers of this animal are going down in India. Discuss why this could be happening ?


1. Hunting of tigers for skin, bones etc. is the main reason for decrease in number of tigers.
2. Cutting trees and forest is another reason of decrease in number of tigers.

Topic : A Day with Nandu

Question 63:

Nandu is only three months old, but he weighs 200 Kilograms. What is your weight ?


20 Kg.

Question 64:

Can you find out-the weight of how many children like you will add up to Nandu’s weight ?


200 ÷ 20 = 10= About ten.

Question 65:

If you were Nandu, and you lived in a herd. What kind of things would you do ?


Play, Eat, have fun.

Question 66:

In the elephant herd, the oldest female decides everything. Who takes decisions in your family ?


Both my father and mother together take decision in my family.

Question 67:

Nandu did things that he liked to do. If you could spend a whole day with your friends, what all would you do ?


I would ride bicycle, Play piano, play hide and seek, eat lots of chocolates and drink soda.

Question 68:

How do elephants feel when they are kept in chains ? Discuss and share your feelings ?


Elephants do not feel good.

Question 69:

Have you ever taken a ride on an elephant ? How did it feel ?


Yes, I felt very excited while riding on elephant’s back.

Question 70:

Which animals have you sat on ? Write their names.


Horse and Camel.

Question 71:

Why do you think the egret is sitting on the buffalo ?


It is eating insects present on skin of buffalo.

Question 72:

You have read what these animals say. Why do you think that some of them are sad ?


Because they are being used by men but not treated well.

Question 73:

How do you think that they are different—the monkey that dance to entertain the people and the monkeys that are free ?


The monkeys that dance are not free, they are not well fed and they are hurt when they do not act well according to their owner. While free monkeys enjoys their life. They eat, sleep, dance at their own wish.

Question 74:

How many legs does this elephant have ?


It has four legs. Since elephant has a long trunk which can be mistaken as leg.

Topic : The Story of Amrita

Question 75:

Is there a place near your house, school or along the road side, where trees have been planted ?


Yes, trees have been planted along the roadside.

Question 76:

Why were they planted there ?


These were planted in order to get shade and fruits.

Question 77:

Have you seen anyone taking care of the trees ? Who does this ?


I have not seen anyone taking care of these trees. Nobody looks after them

Question 78:

Have you seen fruits on any of the tree ? Who eats these fruits ?


Yes, on mango trees. Small children and passers by eat these fruits.

Question 79:

Lalita feels that grass and small plants growing near her school wall have not been planted by anyone. Do you know of any place where grass, small plants or trees are growing on their own without planted by anyone ?


Yes, grass grows on its own in the fields.

Question 80:

Why do you feel they are growing on their own ?


Nobody has planted grass and plants but still they are growing on their own.

Question 81:

Do you remember what the elders of this village used to say ?


The elders of this village used to say, ‘‘Agar perh (plants) hain to hum hain.’’ Plants give us food, clothes and fresh air. Animals give us food and clothes.

Question 82:

Do you think we could survive if there were no trees and no animals ?


No, we can not survive without trees and animals. Trees provide us food, clothing and shelter.

Question 83:

Do you remember that in Class III, you had made a tree your friend ? How is your friend now ?


It is growing well.

Question 84:

Does the tree flower ?



Question 85:

Do the flowers remain on the tree throughout the year ?


No, the flowers do not remain on the tree throughout the year.

Question 86:

In which month do the leaves fall ?


The leaves fall from the trees during the month of December.

Question 87:

Do fruits grow on the tree ?


Yes, fruits grow on the trees.

Question 88:

In which months do they grow ?


Fruits grow in the months of April, May and June.

Question 89:

Have you eaten these fruits ?


Yes, I have eaten these fruits.

Question 90:

Why do people hunt ?


People hunt because of following reasons.
(i) For enjoyment and fun
(ii) For getting meat, bones and skin of animals.

Question 91:

There are rules against hunting of some animals. People can be punished for hunting. Why do you think there is this punishment?


The rules provide punishment to those who indulge in hunting. These rules are there to protect the innocent animals. A few months ago film actors had to face legal action for hunting a black buck.

Question 92:

Which birds did they see around them when they were of your age ?


When my grandparents were in my age they could see the following birds and animals.
Birds : Sparrow, Pigeon, Parrot, Cuckoo, Mynah.
Animals : Goat, Cow, Dog, Deer, Tiger.

Question 93:

Have the number of some of these birds become less ?


Yes, the number of cuckoo has become less.

Question 94:

Are there some birds or animals which they cannot see any more ?


Yes, dianosaur is an animal which is not seen anymore.

Question 95:

Shanti’s grandfather told her that when he was a small child he saw more birds like sparrows and Mynah than he sees today. Can you make two guesses why their numbers have become less ?


The number of birds like sparrows and Mynah has become less due to :
1. Hunting
2. Cutting of forests indiscriminately so as to reduce their shelter area.

Question 96:

The Khejadi tree was the most common tree that grew in Amrita’s village. Which kind of trees can you see a lot of in your area ? Name two such trees.


Mango and apple.

Topic : Anita and the Honeybees

Question 97:

How much money did you spend on your books this year ?


I spent some one thousand two hundred rupees on my books this year.

Question 98:

What kind of a school uniform would you like to wear ? Draw a picture of it in your notebook and colour it ?


I would like to wear white shirt and navy-blue half pant and blue tie in my uniform.

Question 99:

Do you know someone who wanted to study, but could not do so ? Talk about them in the class.


Yes, I know one boy in my neighbourhood but could not. He left his studies after the death of his father. He left his studies for want of funds.

Question 100:

Have you seen any insects near flowers ? Find out their names and write.


Yes, I have seen insects like butterfly and honeybee near flowers.

Question 101:

Why do you think they come to the flowers ? Find out.


Honeybees are attracted towards flowers and plants bearing sweet fruits. Honeybees suck nectar from the flowers. On the other hand butterflies are attracted towards flowers due to their gorgeous colours.

Question 102:

When honeybees fly, there is a kind of sound. Can you try to copy this sound ?


Honeybees when fly produce buzzing sound. Yes, I can.

Question 103:

What do people in your area put on the part of the body where the bee has stung ?


People in my area put slaked lime (chuna) a white powder on the part of the body where the bee has stung.

Question 104:

What will be the total cost of Anita’s 20 boxes ?



Question 105:

Anita and others in her village get ` 35 for one kilogram of honey. How much does one kilogram of honey cost in your town ?


In my town, the cost of one kilogram of honey is ` 160.

Question 106:

What are the different colours of honey that you have seen ?


Pale and golden brown.

Question 107:

Is honey used in your house ? What is it used for ?


We take one spoon each, of honey, every morning. It keeps us slim and healthy.

Question 108:

Which are some other insects that live together in a group, like honeybees ?


Ants, termites and wasps live together in groups like honeybees.

Question 109:

Have you seen where ants live ?


Ants live in nest inside the soil.

Question 110:

What kind of eatables attract ants ? List them.


Grains, fruits and sweets and dead insects.

Question 111:

Look at a line of ants. What is its colour ?


The colour of line of ants may be either black or red.

Question 112:

Every child has a right to free education upto class VIII. Do you think that all children are able to study upto class VIII ? Discuss.


All children are not able to study even upto class VIII due to various reasons. Some of these are :
1. That the family may be too big and parents may not be able to support them and they may require child’s help in their bread earning activity.
2. The parents are illiterate and poor and cannot help them to understand their study material. Secondly, they are poor so they can not spend on their tuitions, with the result the child drop out.
There may be many more reasons for not being able to study upto VIII and they drop out.

Topic : Omana’s Journey

Question 113:

Why was it so crowded at the door of the coach ?


Since every passenger wanted to board and alight at the earliest, so the door of the coach was crowded.

Question 114:

Have you ever travelled in a train ? When ?


Yes, while going to my maternal uncle’s house at his son’s marriage.

Question 115:

What food would you like to take with you when you travel ? Why ?


Chapati with vegetable that does not turn bad so easily (say karela) salad, fruit and sweets.

Question 116:

What does ticket-checker do ?


The ticket-checker checks the ticket of all passengers to ensure that passengers have occupied proper seats.

Question 117:

How will you recognise the ticket-checker ?


The ticket-checker will be recognised by his black coat and badge.

Question 118:

What did Omana see from the window ?


From window Omana saw hawkers selling various eatables. One man was calling Chai ! garam chai. The other calling “batata vada ! batata vada !” and still other calling “doodh thanda doodh !”

Question 119:

What are some of the things that are sold at railway stations ?


Vendors were selling peanuts, Biscuits, chips, cold drink, puri-chole and many fruits.

Question 120:

Why do you think there was no water in the bathroom of the train ? Discuss.


When I went to the bathroom of the train, I found that water pipe had broken and water was leaking too much.

Question 121:

Imagine that you are going on a long train journey. What are the things that you will take with you to help pass the time ?


I will take with me story books and novels on my long train journey to help me pass my time.

Question 122:

Can you recognise who are those people shown in the picture ? What work do they do ? Discuss.


1. Coolie : He carries luggage of the passengers.
2. Guard : He waves flag to signal for starting or stopping the train.
3. Driver : He runs the train and controls its speed.
4. Ticket-checker : He checks the tickets of the passengers and helps them to take their proper seat.
5. Railway Police : Provides security and safety to passengers.
6. Sweeper : He cleans the platform and train as well.
7. Ticket Seller : She sells tickets to the passengers.

Topic : From the Window

Question 123:

What was the difference in the scene that Omana saw from the train on the first day and on the second day ?


On the first day we were at Madgaon of Goa. The scene outside was beautiful. It was green-fields with red soil and green crops, hills, covered with trees. On the next day we were in Kerala and our train crossed a big river with river down below and then through a tunnel. Outside it was sunny, bright and green. There were many coconut trees and greenfields.

Question 124:

Omana saw many kinds of vehicles at the level-crossing. Which of them run on diesel or petrol ?


Omana saw the following vehicles as the level-crossing which run on diesel or petrol :
On diesel : Trucks and cars.
On petrol : cars, autorickshaws, motorcycles, scooters.

Question 125:

Why was there so much smoke and noise from the vehicles at the level crossing ?


People on vehicles were held up at the level crossing due to the passing of train. Some people did not switch off the engines of their vehicles while waiting. So there was a lot of smoke and noise of the vehicles.

Question 126:

What can we do to reduce noise of the vehicle and save petrol and diesel ? Discuss.


We should switch off the engine while at red light. We should avoid horn to reduce the noise. We should use bicycle for small distances.

Question 127:

Sometimes people cross the tracks even when the crossing is closed. What do you feel about this ?


This is against the law, I feel bad about this.

Question 128:

Have you seen any bridges ? Where ?


Yes, in Kolkata.

Question 129:

Have you ever crossed a bridge ? Where ?


Yes, in Kolkatta.

Question 130:

What was the bridge built over ?



Question 131:

What did you see below the bridge ?


I saw river water below the bridge.

Question 132:

Find out why bridges are made ?


Bridges help us to cross over rivers or uneven areas like mountains.

Question 133:

Have you ever been through a tunnel ? How did you feel ?


Yes, I did not feel terror instead I enjoyed.

Question 134:

The route from Goa to Kerala has a total of 2000 bridges and 92 tunnels ! Why do you think there are so many bridges and tunnels ?


It is because the route is through mountaineous regions and full of rivers.

Question 135:

Imagine and draw in your notebook what Omana saw under the bridge when her train crossed it ?


Do it yourself.

Question 136:

Imagine, if on the way there had been no tunnels and bridges, how would Omana’s train have crossed the mountains and rivers ?


In the absence of tunnels and bridges Omana’s train could not have crossed mountains and rivers.

Question 137:

Which languages do you speak at home ?


Hindi and some times Gujarati.

Question 138:

On the way from Gujarat to Kerala Omana’s train went through several states of our country. Find out and list which states it crossed.


Maharashtra, Goa, Karnataka and Tamilnadu.

Question 139:

Did you ever have coconut water ? How did you find it ? Discuss.


Yes, I had coconut water. Once I was walking on the road going home. A vendor was sitting on the roadside selling coconuts for water. I was thirsty and I had it.

Topic : Reaching Grandmother’s House

Question 140:

Omana travelled by different kinds of transport after she got down from the train. Can you remember what these were ?


Autorickshaw, Bus and Ferry.

Question 141:

On which vehicles have you travelled ?


I have travelled so far on autorickshaw, scooter, bus, train, car, bicycle, truck, and boat.

Question 142:

Which ride did you enjoy the most ? Why ?


I enjoyed riding on car. It was very comfortable ride.

Question 143:

Omana left Ahmadabad on 16 May. How many hours did it take for her to reach Ammummas’s place ?


It took some 54 hours to reach Ammumma’s place.

Question 144:

Have you ever been on a long journey ? Where did you go ?


Yes, I went to Arunachal Pardesh.

Question 145:

How long did your journey take ?


It took some 68 hours for this journey

Question 146:

Omana’s Appa bought tickets for the train and the bus. Can you think of other means of transport for which we need to buy tickets ?


Yes, we some time need to buy tickets for aeroplane when we need to go to places by air.

Question 147:

Sometimes we need to buy tickets to enter place. Can you think of such places ?


Cinema, Circus, Zoo, Cricket match, Magic show, Planetarium.

Question 148:

From which station did the train start ?



Question 149:

How many minutes did the train stop at Ahmedabad stations ?


For twenty minutes.

Question 150:

On which day of the journey did the train reach Madgaon ?


Second day.

Question 151:

Sunil and Anu got off at Kozhikode station. Omana got off at Kottayam station. How many hours does the train take to reach Kottayam from Kozhikode ?


Six hours.

Question 152:

What is the distance that train travelled over the whole route ?


2,418 kilometres.

Topic : Changing Families

Question 153:

Who were the members of Nimmi’s family before the arrival of her baby sister ?


Father, Mother, grandmother, uncle and Nimmi.

Question 154:

How many members are there in Nimmi’s family now ?


After the arrival of Nimmi’s baby sister there are six members in Nimmi’s family.

Question 155:

How will Nimmi spend her day now ?


Playing with the new baby.

Question 156:

What new work will her mother do now ?


Looking after the new baby.

Question 157:

There will be a change in the daily work of Nimmi’s father, grandmother and uncle with the arrival of the new baby. Can you tell how ?


They all will be busy playing and looking after the little baby.

Question 158:

Has a small brother or sister been born in your home or in any house in your neighbourhood ?


Yes, a boy is born in our neighbourhood.

Question 159:

How does it feel to have a new baby at home ?


It feels very nice to have a new baby at home.

Question 160:

How have things changed at home with the new baby ?


Everybody is happy and busy playing with the new baby.

Question 161:

When was the baby born ?


In the month of last March.

Question 162:

Is the baby a boy or a girl ?


The baby is a boy

Question 163:

How are you related to him or her ?


He is my brother.

Question 164:

Where was the baby born ?


In the hospital.

Question 165:

Who does the baby look like ?


He looks like my father.

Question 166:

What is the colour of his or her hair ?



Question 167:

What is the colour of his or her eyes ?



Question 168:

Does the baby have any teeth ?


Yes, one teeth.

Question 169:

What do we feed the baby with ?


My mother feed him with her milk.

Question 170:

What is the baby’s length ?


220 cm.

Question 171:

How many hours a day does the baby sleep ?


More than 16 hours.

Question 172:

What different sounds does the baby make ?


Sometimes he cries and sometimes he snores.

Question 173:

Who does the baby stay with most of the time ?



Topic : Omana’s Journey

Question 174:

When Tsering’s father showed the letter to his family, how do you think the different members would have felt ?


At first all the members of Tsering’s family felt happy knowing about his promotion, later they became little sad for Tsering’s father was required to join at new place.

Question 175:

Who from Tsering’s family will live with his father at the new place ? Which school will Tsering go to now ? Will he have new friends ?


Tsering him self, his mother and his sister will live with his father at the new place. He will now have new friends.

Question 176:

Has anybody in your family moved to a new place because of work ?


Yes, my uncle.

Question 177:

What do you feel about this change ?


I feel sad about this change.

Question 178:

Where has she or he come from ?


She came from Lucknow.

Question 179:

What was his or her old school like ?


Her old school is like this one.

Question 180:

What does he or she find different here ?


Here the students are different, different uniform and different language.

Question 181:

Does he or she like the change ?


She does not like this change as of now but will adjust after some time ?

Question 182:

Do you think that there will be any change in Nazli’s family after this wedding ? What will change ?


After this wedding there will be a new member in Nazli’s sister in-law, in Nazli’s family.

Question 183:

Do you think that there will be changes in the home from where the new bride has come ? What kind of changes ?


Yes, they may be missing her.

Question 184:

Who were the members in their families then ?


Their parents, their brothers and sisters.

Question 185:

Has anybody in four family been married recently ? Who ?


My sister has recently been married in our family.

Question 186:

What kind of special food is cooked ?


Shahi paneer, rice pulao, dal makhani, mixed vegetable etc. are cooked.

Question 187:

What special clothes do the bride and bridegroom wear ?


Bride and bridegroom wear well decorated traditional clothes.

Question 188:

What kinds of songs and dances are performed in weddings ?


Traditional and modern songs are sung and dances are performed at weddings.

Question 189:

There can be many reasons for changes in families. Can you think of some more reasons ?


1. Change of place.
2. Death of a member of family.
3. Loss in business.

Question 190:

All families change in some way or the other because of different reasons. Has your family changed too ?



Question 191:

When your grandmother and grandfather were children like you, was your family just like it is today ?



Question 192:

Can you see yourself anywhere in this family tree ? Who are the members of your family today ? Where are your grandparents ?


Yes. Father, mother, brother, sister, grandfather and grandmother. My grandparents are at the top of the family tree.

Question 193:

Can you tell in what ways the family tree of your grandmother or grandfather in their childhood is different from your family tree today ?


My grandfather and grandmother were at the bottom of the family tree during their childhood. Now today grandfather and grandmother are as the top of family tree.

Question 194:

Upto which class do you want to study ?


M. Tech.

Question 195:

Upto which class have your parent’s studied ?



Question 196:

Till which class did your grandmother get a chance to study ?


Tenth class.

Question 197:

At what age did your grandmother got married ?


Eighteen years.

Question 198:

Have you heard of a Law that talks about the ages before which girls and boys must not get married ?


Girls must not get married before 18 years and boys before 21 years of age

Question 199:

Are there any such children in your neighbourhood who had to drop out of school ? Do they want to go back to school?


Yes. They do not want to go back to school.

Question 200:

What are they doing these days ?


They are settled in their family business.

Question 201:

Has anybody in your family got married recently ? Who ?


Yes, my cousin.

Question 202:

What was the age of the bride and the groom.


The bride was of 24 years and groom of 28 years of age.

Question 203:

What kind of dresses they wore ?


Bride—Very beautiful sari

Question 204:

What kind of dishes were there ? Name them.


Matar—paneer, rice, mixed vegetable, curd, tandoori roti, missi roti, dal fry, etc.

Topic : Hu Tu Tu, Hu Tu Tu

Question 205:

When you play Kabaddi, how many players do you have in a team ?


Eight players.

Question 206:

How many players got out when Shayamala touched the line ?


When Shyamala touched the line, all the girls of the opposite team were holding her. So all of them got out.

Question 207:

Do you have ways to resolve disputes in games ?


Yes, our elders help us in this matter. They listen to the arguments of both the teams and then arrive at a decision who is right and who is wrong.

Question 208:

Try to hold your breath and keep saying ‘Kabaddi-Kabaddi’. How many times could you say it ?


15-20 times.

Question 209:

How many times can you say it, while you are playing Kabaddi ? Is there any difference ?


While playing Kabaddi I can say it 10-15 times. The no. of times of saying is reduced.

Question 210:

What does it mean to be ‘out’ in games ? When does one gets ‘out’ in Kabaddi ?


When one gets ‘out’ in Kabaddi, it means he will not be allowed to continue to play. In Kabaddi player gets out in the following events :
(i) If he is stopped by the opposite team.
(ii) If he touches opposite players and returns back to his team’s side.
(iii) If he looses breath and stops saying ‘‘Kabaddi-Kabaddi’.

Question 211:

In some games it is very important to touch the player. For example in the game of Kho-Kho, you get ‘out’ when someone touches you. You also get your turn by someone’s touch. Name some games in which it is very important to touch the players ?


Kabaddi, Kho-Kho, Chupa-Chupi etc. are some of the games in which it is important to touch the players of opposite team.

Question 212:

What are the games in which, besides the players, you have to touch some things or colours ?


Touch things Kho-Kho
Touch colours Colour race

Question 213:

Do you play Kabaddi ? Is there a girl’s Kabaddi team in your school ? Do you think that your grand-mother played Kabaddi when she was of your age ? Ask her.


Yes, I play Kabaddi. In our school there is a girl’s Kabaddi team. My grandmother did not play Kabaddi because in those days girls were not allowed to play Kabaddi.

Question 214:

Have you learnt any game from a coach ? Which one ?


Yes, Cricket.

Question 215:

Do you know anyone who has learnt any game from a coach ?


My nephew is learning Swimming from a coach.

Question 216:

How does a coach teach ? How does a coach make a player practice ? How hard do you think the players have to work ?


Coach guides the player and tells him the laws and rules of the game. Sometimes he/she becomes very hard for the players when they make mistakes. Coach loves and sometimes scolds his/her player. A player has to practice very hard to achieve his goal.

Question 217:

Imagine that there are 15 children to play Kho-Kho. They must form two teams with equal numbers (7 each). Then one player will be left. What will you do if this happens ? Have you ever become the ‘extra person’ in the middle ? Write about this.


The extra person plays for both the teams. Yes, when we play cricket in the street, sometimes I become an ‘extra person’.

Topic : The Valley of Flowers

Question 218:

Have you ever seen so many flowers growing together anywhere ? Where ?


Yes, on the hillside.

Question 219:

How many differently coloured flowers have you seen ?



Question 220:

Now you were just left counting, weren’t you ?



Question 221:

Which flowers can you recognise by their scent even with your eyes closed ?


Rose and Jasmine.

Question 222:

Which flowers bloom all the year round ?


Kumudini and Rose.

Question 223:

Which flowers bloom only in certain months ?


Marigold and Tulip.

Question 224:

Have you ever seen a board like this put up anywhere ?



Question 225:

Do people pluck flowers even when this board is there ?



Question 226:

Why do you think they do this ?


They do this in order to break the rule.

Question 227:

Should they do this ?


No, they should not do this.

Question 228:

What would happen if every body plucked flowers ?


There would be no flower left.

Question 229:

What is the colour of the flower ?



Question 230:

What kind of scent does it have ?


Aromatic and pleasant.

Question 231:

What does it look like—a bell, a bowl, a brush or anything else ?


A bowl.

Question 232:

Do these flowers grow in bunches ?



Question 233:

How many petals does it have ?



Question 234:

Are all the petals joined together or separate ?



Question 235:

Outside the petals, can you see any green leafy structure ? How many are there ?



Question 236:

Inside the petals, in the middle of the flower, can you see some thin structures ? Write the colour.



Question 237:

When you touch these, do you find a powdery thing on your hands ?



Question 238:

What differences do you find between a flower and a bud ?


Bud is small and closed, flower is big and open.

Question 239:

Ask your friends the names of the different flowers that they have seen. How much time did it take their buds to became flowers ?


3-4 days.

Question 240:

Also observe how many days the same flower took to dry up ?


Ten days.

Question 241:

How is rose water used in your house ?


Rose water is used in medicines (eye drops), sweets and lassi etc.

Question 242:

Can you think of a colour of which there is no flower ?


Silver or Grey.

Question 243:

Do you know when such songs are sung ?


During marriage of a male.

Question 244:

Do you or anybody else at home know other such songs ?


Yes, my grandmother knows such songs

Question 245:

Where do they bring these flowers from ?


From garden.

Question 246:

Why do people buy flowers ?


For decoration, for worship and as a token of love.

Question 247:

Have you seen flowers offered at many religious places ?


Yes, I have seen flowers offered at temples and other religious places.

Question 248:

What do we do when they dry up ?


Do yourself.

Question 249:

How will you use them ?


Do yourself.

Question 250:

Has the flower-seller learnt to make bouquets or a net of flowers from anybody ? From whom ?


Yes, from his mother and father.

Question 251:

Would you like the other members of their family to do this work ? Why ?


Yes, so that all the members can help each other.

Topic : Changing Times

Question 252:

Where did she or he live ? Name that place


She lived in Dera Gazikhan, a place in Pakistan.

Question 253:

From what material was her or his house made ?


Her house was made of mud mixed with husk bamboo and twings of trees and wood for doors and windows.

Question 254:

Did they have a toilet in their house ?



Question 255:

In which part of the house was food cooked ?


In a separate kitchen.

Question 256:

A lot of mud was used when Chetandas house was made. Why ?


Mud helps to keep the house cool during Summer and Warm during Winter.

Question 257:

What material have been used in making your house ?


Cement, sand, gravels, bricks, iron rods, wood etc have been used in making my house.

Question 258:

Find out the material from which your friend’s house is made ? Is there any difference ? Write about it.


My friend’s house is made of cement, sand, brick, iron, marble, granite and wood etc. The difference is that his house has granite floor.

Question 259:

What kind of house do you think Chetandas grandchildren will live in ?


The grandchildren of Chetandas will live in cemented house.

Question 260:

Where would you like to live when you grow up ? What kind of house would you like ?


I would like to live in my ancestral house at my native village. I would like to have pucca house with lintel.

Question 261:

You had written about the things that your grand- parent’s house was made of. Has some of those material been used in your house ? Name them.


Yes, wood has been used in my house and it was also used in making grandparent’s house for doors and windows.

Question 262:

In your place, what do you call a person who works with wood ?



Question 263:

What is being built there ?


A house.

Question 264:

How many people are working there ?


Some fifteen persons are working.

Question 265:

What kind of work are they doing ?


Some are making a mixture to sand and cement, some are carrying the mixture over their heads from one place to another, some are carrying bricks and some are culting wood to make doors and window frames.

Question 266:

How many men and women are working there ?


There are about seven women and eight men working there.

Question 267:

Are any children working there ? What are they doing ?


No child is working there for it is illegal to put children to work.

Question 268:

Where do these people live ?


Helpers live near the construction site in temporary hutments while others they live at their places.

Question 269:

What are the materials being used for making the building ?


Cement, sand, bricks, wood and iron etc.

Topic : A River’s Tale

Question 270:

What is the colour of the river where it begins ?


It is transparent and colourless.

Question 271:

At some places, there are many fishes in the river at others there are only a few and at some places there are dead fishes. What could be the reason for this ?


The fishes require fresh and pure water. Where there are many fishes in the river, the water is fresh and pure which enables them to survive. When people throw wastes from their houses and factories, the water of river becomes polluted and unfit for fishes to survive so that their number decreases at that place.

Question 272:

What can be seen in the river before it reaches the village ?


Large number of fishes can be seen in the river before it reaches village where the water of river becomes polluted.

Question 273:

At which places did the colour of the water in the river change ? Why did this happen ? Discuss.


In those places where the factories are situated near the river, the river water changes colour. It is because polluted water from factories is thrown into river.

Question 274:

Which of the places shown in the picture would you like to live in ? Why ?


I would like to live at the places which are showing clean water in the picture.

Question 275:

Would you like to change any of the things that you see in the picture ? Why and how ?


I would like to remove the waste material dumped on the bank of the river. And if not removed this material would contaminate river water.

Question 276:

Have you seen people throwing different things into rivers or water bodies ?



Question 277:

What could be done to keep rivers clean ? Discuss.


Industrial wastes and sewage should not be thrown into the river water.

Question 278:

If you wanted to drink some water, from which part of the river would you like to drink ? Why ?


I would like to drink water from little below the surface of water and from a place where there is no dumping of waste material.

Question 279:

In the last part of the picture the river flows into the sea. Have you ever seen the sea ? Where ? In a movie, or some where else ?


I have actually seen sea in Chennai.

Question 280:

Have you ever been near a river or sea ? When ?


I have been several times near river Ganges with my parents. It is because my maternal uncle lives at Roorkee.

Question 281:

Show with your hands, how the waves in the sea move ?


As you know, the sea waves move up and down. The children are to show themselves the movement of the sea waves.

Question 282:

Is the water from the sea drinkable ? Why ?


Since sea water is salty, it is not drinkable.

Question 283:

Do you think that there would be changes taking place in a river, pond or stream at different times of the year ? What kind of changes would these be ? Discuss.


Changes to take place in a river, pond or stream at different times of the year. During rainy season there is more water and water is muddy. In winter, there is little water while in summer these even dry up sometimes.

Question 284:

Will there be the same amount of water in the ponds or rivers during the rainy season and in summer ?


No, there will be more water during rainy season and less water in summer season.

Question 285:

Is there a pond, river or lake near your town or city ?


Yes, there is a river near my town.

Question 286:

Are there any changes in the water during summers, the rainy season and in winters


Yes, during rainy season there is more water and in winters and in summers, quantity of water is less.

Question 287:

What are the different kinds of water animals found there ?


There are different kinds of fishes, small as well as large found there.

Question 288:

What kind of trees and plants grow around it ?


Grass and Banana trees.

Question 289:

What are the kinds of birds that come there ?


Many kinds of birds come there. Even migratory birds from other countries come there.

Question 290:

Have you ever seen or read about floods ? Where ?


I have read about floods in Mumbai and Bihar. I have seen it live on T.V. also.

Question 291:

What happens when there is a flood ?


There is water and water everywhere. There is a loss of life and property during floods.

Question 292:

Have you seen dirty water in a river or pond ? Where ?


Yes, during rains.

Question 293:

How would you know if the water is dirty ? If the water looks clean, can you be sure that it is alright to drink that water ? Discuss.


Even if water looks clean and transparent if may still contain certain dissolved impurities and micro organisms which can cause diseases. So we cannot be certain to say that this water is alright to drink.

Question 294:

Do you think that like the river in the picture your river or lake can also be affected ?


From river. Yes, our river water can also be affected.

Question 295:

Do all things dissolve in water ?


No, all things do not dissolve in water.

Question 296:

Does the colour of the water always change ?



Question 297:

Did oil dissolve in water ? How can you say whether it has dissolved or not ?


No, oil does not dissolve in water. Since it does not disappear in water and forms a separate layer in water.

Question 298:

Colour of the water may not change even after some things are dissolved in it. Would you say that these are absent in water ?


No, we cannot say that.

Question 299:

How is drinking water cleaned in your house ?


First of all alum is added to water which helps to settle suspended particles of dust etc. Then it is poured out in some other vessel and filtered. In the end, chlorine tablets are added to this water to kill germs present, if any.

Topic : Basva’s Farm

Question 300:

Find out from a farmer or some elders in your family. What kinds of crops are grown in your area ?


Wheat, rice and vegetables.

Question 301:

Draw any crop which you have seen in the field ?


Do it yourself.

Question 302:

Basva helps his father in the field. Do you help the elders in your family in their work ? What do you help with ?


Yes, I help my mother in cleaning and sweeping the room.

Question 303:

Why is Basva not able to attend school for some days ?


It is because the onions have grown and are ready to be taken out at the right time or else these would rot out in the field. Everyone has to work in the field. So Basva will be helping his father in taking out onions from the field. So he will not be able to attend the school for some days.

Question 304:

Are there any fields near your house ? What is grown there ?


Yes, there are fields near my house where potatoes are grown.

Topic : From Market to Home

Question 305:

Does anyone in your house have to get up very early ? What time does he or she get up ? Why do they need to get up so early ?


Yes, my mother has to get up early in the morning. She gets up early at 4 AM. She has to get up so early to prepare food for my father who has to go to work to some other place by train and train leaves at 5.30 in the morning.

Question 306:

Babuji sells the previous day’s vegetables first. Why do you think he does this ?


It is because the vegetable is a perishable item and cannot be kept for a long and is likely to be spoiled. So in order that it may not spoil he sells the previous day’s vegetables first.

Question 307:

Have you seen dried or spoiled vegetables ? Where ?


Yes, I have seen sometimes dried or spoiled vegetables in the kitchen.

Question 308:

How did you know that the vegetables were spoiled ?


The vegetables become over ripe, colour is whithered and water starts coming out giving foul smell.

Question 309:

Chhotu is helping his family. What do you think Chhotu has learnt from it ?


He learnt to help elders and also learnt that previous day’s vegetables are sold first.

Question 310:

How do you help the elders in your family ?


I help my mother in the kitchen and in doing some household jobs.

Question 311:

From where do you get vegetables for your home ? Who brings the vegetables ?


We get vegetables from vegetables market. My father brings vegetables.

Question 312:

The next time when you get okra (Bhindi) at home, look at them carefully. Are all of them of the same size ?


No, they are not of the same size.

Question 313:

What is his or her name ?


Ram Chand.

Question 314:

How many people are there in his or her house ? How many children are there at house ?


There are five people in his house. Three of them are children.

Question 315:

What are the names of the children ? How old are they ?


Son—Rakesh—18 years old
Son—Naresh—15 years old
Daughter—Ritu—13 years old

Question 316:

Who all help in the work of selling vegetables ?


His wife and elder son.

Question 317:

Who all stay with the vegetable cart or sit in the shop ?


He himself and his elder son stay with vegetable cart while his wife stays in the shop.

Question 318:

What vegetables do they sell ?


Onion, Potato, Tomato, Cabbage and Cauliflower.

Question 319:

What time do they start work ?


They start early in the morning at 5 O’clock.

Question 320:

For how many hours in a day do they work ?


17 hours.

Question 321:

How many years ago did Giju bhai write this letter ?


73 years ago.

Question 322:

This letter talks about many different birds. How many of these birds have you seen ?


I have seen crow, cuckoo (koel) and dove.

Question 323:

How many other birds have you seen ? Which ones ?


Sparrow, parrot and crow.

Question 324:

Have you seen a bird’s nest ? Where did you see it ?


Yes, I have seen a bird’s nest in the branch of a tree in our courtyard.

Question 325:

Which is your favourite bird ? Can you show your friends in the class how it flies, and what sound it makes ?


My favourite bird is cuckoo (koel). It makes koo-koo sound.

Question 326:

Do you know of any other bird that makes its nest in a tree trunk like the barbet does ?


It is woodpecker that makes nest in the tree trunk.

Question 327:

Where is the nest made ?


On a branch of a tree.

Question 328:

Is the nest ready or are the birds still making it ?


It is ready.

Question 329:

Can you recognise which bird has made the nest ?


Yes, Sparrow has made it.

Question 330:

What things does the bird bring to the nest ?


Straw and dried leaves or cotton thread.

Question 331:

Is there any bird sitting in the nest ?



Question 332:

Do you think there are any eggs in the nest ?



Question 333:

Can you hear any sound like ‘chee-chee’ from the nest ?



Question 334:

If there are chicks in the nest, what do the parent birds bring for them to eat ?


Small insects, grains etc.

Question 335:

How many times, in one hour do the birds come to the nest ?


Three-four times.

Question 336:

After how many days did the chicks leave the nest ?


Some forty five days.

Question 337:

Look at your friend’s teeth. Are there different kinds of teeth ?


Yes, there are different kinds of teeth

Question 338:

Can you see any difference between these teeth ?


The front teeth are flat.

Question 339:

If you did not have front teeth (both top and bottom) how would you eat a guava ? Act and show how ?


Do it yourself (Eat guava without using you front teeth).

Question 340:

You do not have any teeth in your mouth. What kind of things would you be able to eat ?


Halwa, Khichri, Bread soaked in milk, Kheer (Semi liquid) etc.

Question 341:

Find out from old people who do not have teeth—what are the kind of things that they cannot eat ?


They cannot eat hard things like Tandoori Roti, Almond and Peanut etc.

Question 342:

Why did Nandita have to bring her mother from the village to Mumbai ?


Nandita’s mother was sick. There being no proper diagnose and treatment in the village, mother had been brought to Mumbai for treatment, because Mumbai is a big city with all modern medical facilities

Question 343:

Nandita used to feel like vomiting when at first she had to use the toilet where Mama lived. Why ?


The toilet where Mama lived was used by many people but was not cleaned by anyone. So it got dirty and started giving foul smell. Nandita when first used this toilet felt vomiting.

Question 344:

In what ways did Nandita find her Mama’s house to be different from her house in the village ?


Nandita’s house had separate kitchen, separate bathroom and small, courtyard. On the other hand, Mamas house had no separate kitchen, no separate bathroom and no courtyard.

Topic : The Valley of Flowers

Question 345:

What differences did Nandita find between getting water from the public tap and in the village ?


In village, Nandita could take water from village pond at anytime during the day. Moreover there is no rush of people taking water. The availability of water in the city from public tap is only during fixed hours. Moreover there is a long queue of water takers.

Question 346:

Was there electricity at the place where Nandita’s mama lived ? Guess.


Electricity was available at the place where Nandita’s mama lived.

Question 347:

Who was looking after the patient at the hospital ?


Yes, my friend Ankush was admitted in the hospital.
(i) For five days
(ii) Yes
(iii) Nurse and his brother was looking after Ankush.

Question 348:

Have you ever seen a tall building ? Where ?


Yes, at Mumbai.

Question 349:

How many floors did the building have ?


Twenty floors.

Question 350:

How many floors did you climb ?


I climbed five floors and the remaining floors I went up by lift.

Question 351:

When Nandita first came to Mumbai, what were the things that she was afraid to do ?


Nandita when first came to Mumbai was afraid of :
(i) seeing from top floor down on the earth.
(ii) going in a lift.
(iii) boarding a crowded bus etc.

Question 352:

Where does the water come from in your house ?


From Municipal water supply.

Question 353:

Is there an electricity connection in your house ? How many hours in a day do you get electricity ?


Yes, we have got electricity connection in our house. We get electricity for 12 hours a day.

Question 354:

Which is the nearest hospital in the area where you live ?


A private hospital ‘‘Kapil Hospital’’.

Question 355:

Why does Mama have to change his house ?


Since a hotel was to be constructed in place of Mama’s house. So mama’. house had to be demolished.

Question 356:

Have you ever moved from your house ? If yes, why did you have to move ?


Yes, we had to move from our house when father got transfered to Mumbai.

Question 357:

Do people in your family have to go far for their work ? Where do they go ? How far do they have to go ?


Yes, my brother has to go to a city. He has to go 35 kilometers away.

Question 358:

Is it right that Mama and others have to move because a hotel is going to be built there ?


No, it is not right.

Question 359:

Who will benefit from this ?


The owner of the hotel will be benefited.

Question 360:

Who will face difficulties ?


The people who have to move out for they will be losing their living place.

Question 361:

Do you know of any people who have faced problems similar to Nandita’s Mama ? Talk about this in the class.


Twenty families who were living in that building had to face same difficulties as Mama had to face due to demolition of the twenty storey building.

Topic : Too Much Water,Too Little Water

Question 362:

How can unclean or dirty water harm our body ?


Unclean or dirty water if used can cause water-borne diseases and harm our body.

Question 363:

Have you ever got dirty or unclean water in your area ? What was the reason for this ?


Yes, it was due to leakage of pipe.

Question 364:

Do you know anyone who has fallen sick because of such water ? Talk about this.


I know that my friend fell sick because of such dirty water. He, because of unclean and dirty water, had dysentry.

Question 365:

When the guest came to Suguna’s house, they offered him a cold drink, because they thought he should not drink such water. What do you think Suguna’s family must be doing for their own drinking water ?


The members of Suguna’s family must be adding chlorine tablets or alum to unclean water to make it fit for drinking.

Question 366:

The guest said he did not take cold drinks. Why do you think he said this ?


The guest knew that cold drinks are aerated and may cause problem in his digestive system. That is why, he refused to take cold drinks.

Question 367:

Have you ever faced shortage of water in your house ? When ?


Yes, during summer.

Question 368:

What did you do then ?


We had to bring water from water tankers sent to our locality by Municipal Committee.

Question 369:

Have you ever played in water ? Where and when ?


Yes, in swimming pool and while playing games in a water park.

Question 370:

Are there times when you are not allowed to play in water ? What are the reasons for this ?


There are times when we are not allowed to play in water because of the following reasons :
1. Water is too deep.
2. Water is dirty
3. There is a shortage of water particularly during summer.

Question 371:

Have you seen wastage of water in your area ? Discuss.


Yes, people leave the taps open after use.

Question 372:

Why was Raziya worried when she read the newspaper ?


She was worried to read in the newspaper that gutter water had got mixed with the drinking water.

Question 373:

Raziya asked that all the water that was filled the previous day should be thrown. Could this water have been used for something else ? What kind of things ?


This water could be used for washing clothes, cleaning of floors, washing the latrine and watering plants.

Question 374:

In what way did she plan to clean the water ?


By boiling.

Question 375:

Do you know of different ways to clean the water ? Describe them.


Different ways to clean the water are :
1. By boiling
2. By adding alum
3. By filtering
4. By adding chlorine tablets
5. By adding Potassium permanganate (Lal Dawai) etc.

Question 376:

Suppose, Raziya had not read the news and everyone had drunk the water without boiling it, what could have happened ?


As everybody had drunk contaminated water so they all may suffer from diarrohea, vomitting and dysentery.

Question 377:

Where Deepak lives, everyone has to stand in a queue to fill water from the common public tap. In Raziya’s house, water comes all day in the tap. Why is this ?


There is no facility of water storage and there was no network of water pipes in Deepak’s locality. So everyone has to stand in a queue to fill water from common public tap. Where as in Raziya’s house there was proper facility of water storage. So water comes all day in the tap.

Question 378:

Raziya read news about the water in the newspaper. Have you read any news about water in the newspapers ? What kind of news ?


Yes, I have read news about water in the newspaper. It was about non-availability of drinking water in a village.

Question 379:

If there is no tap, matka or handpump, then how do you get drinking water ?


From water tanks provided by ‘Jal Board’.

Question 380:

Is there water in all the taps or handpumps ?



Question 381:

Is there any tap which is leaking or dripping ?



Question 382:

Are all the matkas filled with water and are they covered ?


No, but all remain covered.

Question 383:

Are the matkas and other water containers cleaned regularly ?



Question 384:

How is water made safe for drinking ?


By using chlorine or alum.

Question 385:

Is there a long-handled ladle to take water from the matka or container ? How many ladles are there per container ?


Yes, there is long handled ladle for each matkas.

Question 386:

Is the place around the drinking water-taps or matkas cleaned regularly ?



Question 387:

Why do the drinking water places get dirty ?


Sometimes we wash hand and our face there.

Question 388:

What can we do to keep these places clean ?


We should not wash hands or face at such places.

Question 389:

How often (once a day, once two days, etc.) are the containers or matkas and ladles cleaned ? Who cleans them ?


The containers are washed daily by the peon.

Question 390:

How many children are there in your school ? How many taps, matkas or handpumps are there ? Are these sufficient for children ?


Thousand children, 12 taps, 15 matkas, 7 handpump. Yes, these are sufficient.

Question 391:

Who cleans the place near the water ?



Question 392:

Where does the water that is spilt go ?


It reaches the garden through drain pipe.

Question 393:

What are the toilet arrangements in your school ?


Built toilet

Question 394:

How many toilets are there ?



Question 395:

Are there separate toilets for girls and boys ?



Question 396:

Is there water in the toilets ?



Question 397:

Where does the water come from ?



Question 398:

Is there water for washing hands near the toilet ?



Question 399:

Do you wash your hands after using the toilet ?



Question 400:

Is there any tap that is leaking or dripping



Question 401:

Are the toilets kept clean ?



Question 402:

How many boys and girls are there in your school ?


Girls-460 Boys-540

Question 403:

How many toilets are there for girls, and how many for boys ?


Girls-3 Boys-3

Question 404:

If there are no taps, who brings the water for the toilet ? From where does the water have to be brought ?


There are taps. So, there is no need to bring water.

Question 405:

Who keeps the place clean ?



Question 406:

What can be done to keep the toilets clean ?


These should be cleaned regularly.

Question 407:

What can each of us do for this ?


We can avoid throwing garbage there and should flush every time we use it.

Question 408:

Have you seen toilets at bus stands or railway stations ? How are they different from the toilets at home ?


The toilets at these places are less clean as compared to toilets at our homes.

Topic : Abdul in the Garden

Question 409:

The stick which was stuck in the ground fell very easily. It was difficult to pull out a small grass. Why ?


The roots of the grass are strong and held firmly in the soil. So it was difficult to pull the grass out. On the other hand, there is no root of the stick, so that it fell very easily.

Topic : Too Much Water,Too Little Water

Question 410:

Do all the plants have roots ?


Yes, all plants have roots.

Question 411:

After three days. Abdul saw that one broken part of the pea plant had dried. Guess which part would have dried up ? Why ?


The delicate stem of the peaplant would have been broken so that water and minerals could not reach the leaves. The leaves, therefore, dried up.

Question 412:

Why do you think the neem tree did not fall despite the strong wind ?


The roots of the neem tree are spread out and deep and to large distance on the sides holding the soil firmly so that despite strong wind it does not fall.

Question 413:

On putting water in the soil where the plants are growing, the droping leaves become fresh again. How ?


Water and minerals are absorbed by the roots of the plants and reach the leaves so that leaves become fresh again.

Question 414:

What do you feel, do all plants need water ?


Yes, all plants need water. Some need less water and some others need more.

Question 415:

Which of the plants around you need regular watering ?


Jasmine, Rose.

Question 416:

What will happen ; if nobody gives water to these plants ?


These plants will dry up.

Question 417:

Abdul realised that he never watered the huge neem tree. ‘‘Where did it get its water from ?’’ he thought. Which of the plants around you do not need watering. Where do they get water from ? Make two guesses.


Mango and Peepal tree do not need watering. Their roots are deep in the soil and they get water from deep under the soil through their roots

Question 418:

Abdul wondered whether radish was a root. Why did he think so ?


Yes, radish is a kind of root. It can store food for the plant.

Question 419:

How deep must the roots of this plant be going ?


Roots of the plants must be going 20 cm to 5 m deep in the soil.

Question 420:

How do the roots get water ?


Roots absorb water from the soil.

Question 421:

How big will this plant grow ?


This plant will not grow much.

Question 422:

What will happen to the wall ?


A crack will develop and increase in the wall.

Question 423:

Can you give the name of the plant in the picture ?



Question 424:

Have you ever seen a plant growing from a crack in a wall ? Where was it ? Did you have any questions when you saw it ? What were some of your questions ?


Yes, it was in the boundary wall of school building.

Question 425:

Would someone have uprooted such a big tree or would it have fallen on its own ?


Yes, someone must have uprooted such a big tree.

Question 426:

How old would this tree be ?


More than fifty years.

Question 427:

Abdul on seeing a tree surrounded by cemented ground, thought that how will it get rain water ?


Rain water will reach the roots through small opening in the soil from where it will reach all other parts of the tree.

Question 428:

Which are the oldest trees in your area ? Find out from your elders how old the trees are ?


The oldest trees in my area is Peepal tree. People say that it is some 80 years old.

Question 429:

Have you ever seen any big tree that had fallen down ? What did you think when you saw it ?


Yes. I have seen a big neem tree that had fallen down due to storm. I saw it some five years ago.

Question 430:

What difference did you observe in the seeds after soaking ? Compare with dry seeds and write.


It is observed that soaked seeds have sprouted while dry seeds have not shown such thing.

Question 431:

What do you think would happen if the cotton wool had been left dry ?


If the cotton wool would had been left dry, the seeds would not sprout.

Question 432:

In which direction did the roots grow ? And the stem ?


Roots always grow in the downward direction towards the soil while stem grows in the upward direction.

Question 433:

How big did the plant grow in the cotton wool ?


About 3-4 inches.

Question 434:

Did small plants come out from all the seeds ?


No. Small plants only come out from the soaked seeds.

Question 435:

What is the colour of the roots ?



Question 436:

Did you see any hair on the roots ?



Question 437:

Try and pull out one little plant from the cotton wool. Were you able to pull it out ? Why ?


It was difficult to pull out little plant from the cotton, wool. It is because roots have gripped the cotton.

Question 438:

Did you see how the root grip the cotton wool ? Do you think that the roots hold the soil in the same way ? Also look at the plants grown by your friends.


Yes. The roots grip and hold the soil in the same way.

Question 439:

Has your height increased ? How much taller have you grown in the last one year ?


My height has increased by 6 cms.

Question 440:

What other part of your body keeps growing ? Some people cut it regularly.


Hairs of my body keep growing, which some people cut regularly.

Topic : Eating Together

Question 441:

Do you like to eat with others ?


Yes, I like to eat with others.

Question 442:

On what occasions do you eat together with your friends ?


On festivals and in parties.

Question 443:

Have you ever had a party in your class ? When ? What all did you do to arrange a party ?


Yes. A party was arranged on the day of ‘‘Basant Panchmi’’. Everyone in the class brought cooked food and other eatables. We ate together and enjoyed a lot. We sang and danced together.

Question 444:

What did you and your classmates bring to the party ?


I and my classmates brought cooked food and other eatables such as cake, pastries, samosa and cold drink to the party. We also brought buntings and balloons.

Question 445:

What all did you eat ?


We all ate cake, pastries, samosa, food, brought from home and cold drink.

Question 446:

Who were the people you invited for the party ?


We invited seniors, teachers and parents to the party.

Question 447:

Were there some people who work in your school, whom you could not invite ? Who were these people ?


Yes, we did not invite the clerical staff to the party.

Question 448:

Did you wear any special dress for the party ?


No, we did not wear any special dress for the party. All were wearing gorgeous clothes.

Question 449:

What are the things that you can do to make the party greater fun for everyone ? Discuss.


We can invite the physically challanged children to the party to make it a greater fun for everyone.

Question 450:

Where is the festival of Bihu celebrated ?


It is celebrated in Assam.

Question 451:

Which are the festivals you celebrate together with other families ?


Bihu, Holi and Diwali etc. are the festivals we celebrate with other families.

Question 452:

Does everyone cook and eat together on such festivals ?



Question 453:

What are some of the special dishes that are cooked ? How are they cooked ?


It is cheva rice. At first water is boiled in a big vessel (tao). Then Kadhahi containing soaked rice is put in tao. It is then covered with banana leaves. After sometime it will be found that cheva rice have been cooked. It is now ready to serve.

Question 454:

Are some special vessels used for cooking these items ? What are they ?


Yes, Kadahi and tao are some special vessels used for cooking these items

Question 455:

Which is the biggest vessel that is used ? Can you draw a picture of it ? Can you guess how many people can eat the food that is cooked in it at one time ?


Tao and Kadahi.In these vessels, food can be cooked at one time for about 300 people.

Question 456:

Can you guess how many people must have eaten together in the village feast ?


About 300 people must have eaten together in a village feast.

Question 457:

Have you ever seen the bihu dance. Did you like it ?


Yes, I like it very much.

Question 458:

Do you wear clothes of some special colours on some festivals ? Make a picture of these clothes in your notebook ?


On Bihu festival, women are dressed up in pat and Muga mekhala-chador. On the other hand, men are dressed in white Dhoti and red pat.

Question 459:

Are there special songs that are sung at different festivals in your place ? Learn some of these songs and sing them in the class.


Yes, as on Bihu when Mezi is lighted (put on fire) all sing and dance together while on Lohri festival a special song ‘‘Sunder Mundriye, Tera Kaon Vichara’’ is sung.

Question 460:

When you meet friends of your own age do you do anything special-like play a game, chat or watch a movie ? What else do you do ?


We sit together and chat and thereafter play some game.

Question 461:

What time is the meal served ?


After four periods.

Question 462:

What do you get in the meal at school ?


Chapati, mix vegetable, dal, salad and rice-curry.

Question 463:

Do you like the mid-day meal that you get ?


Yes, I like it.

Question 464:

Is the food that you get enough for you ?


Yes, it is enough.

Question 465:

Do you bring your own plate, or do you get it in school ?


I get plate in the school.

Question 466:

Who serves the food ?


Class teacher with the help of a peon

Question 467:

Do your teachers eat with you?



Question 468:

Is the week’s meenu put up on the school board ?


Yes, the week’s menu is put up on the school board.

Question 469:

What will you get on Wednesday and Friday ?


Chapati, Matar Paneer and Halwa.

Question 470:

If you got a chance to change the menu for the meal in your school, what would you like to change ? What would you like to eat ? Make your own menu.


Question 471:

If you do not get food in the school, find out why ?


t may either due to non-receipt of funds or the teacher incharge has not come to school for some reasons beyond his control.

Question 472:

Where will you lodge your complaint about the mid day meal ?


Do yourself.

Question 473:

Find out the toll free phone number, the website or e-mail address to make a complaint ?


Do yourself.

Topic : Food and Fun

Question 474:

In what ways is boarding school different from other schools ?


In boarding school, all students live away from their parents. There they live together, play together and eat together. On the other hand, in other schools, students daily come to school in the morning and go back home in the evening.

Question 475:

What kind of food do they get there ?


They get all kind of food which they get in their homes.

Question 476:

Where do the children sit and eat in the boarding school ?


In the dining hall.

Question 477:

Who cooks food for the children in the boarding school ? Who serves the food ?


The school employee (cook) cooks the food for the children. Helper serves the food.

Question 478:

Who washes the vessels ?


The peon washes the vessels.

Question 479:

Do the children miss home-made food sometimes ?


Yes, when they do not get any food item of their choice and taste.

Question 480:

Would you like to go to a boarding school ? Why ?


I would like to go to a boarding school because children enjoy a lot where there are no parents to smile them.

Question 481:

The ‘cooking and eating together’’ in a Gurudwara is called langar. Have you ever eaten in a langar ? Where and when ?


Yes, on the eve of ‘Guru Purab’ in the langar hall of Gurudwara Sahib.

Question 482:

How many people were cooking and how many were serving the food there ?


About fifteen people were cooking and some twenty people were serving the cooked food.

Question 483:

Are there other occasions when you have eaten with many people ? Where and when ? Who cooked and served the food ?


During Durga Puja and Shivratri in a temple. The cooks (Halwai) cooked the food where as committee members or volunteers served the cooked food.

Topic : The World in My Home

Question 484:

In your home too, do people quarrel over fans, TV, newspapers, chairs or anything else ?


Yes, I and my sister quarrel over newspaper. We both want to read newspaper and know the news at the earliest.

Question 485:

In your home, who settles such quarrels ?


My father.

Question 486:

Have you ever seen people quarrelling over something elsewhere ? What ?


Yes, I have seen people quarrelling over a seat in railway compartment during journey.

Question 487:

Does this kind of thing happen in your house or in any of your friend’s house ? What do you think about this ?


No, this kind of thing does not happen in my house.

Question 488:

Do you think that there should be different rules for girls and boys, women and men ?


No, the rules should be same for boys and girls, women and men.

Question 489:

If you were to write a different ending for this story, how will you end it ?


When Kulfi-seller made a mistake and charged for five Kulfis instead of seven, the children were very happy but Pilloo Aunty paid for seven Kulfis. The Kulfi-seller gave one Kulfi free of cost to Pilloo Aunty as a reward for her honesty.

Question 490:

Is there anyone in your family who is like Pilloo Aunty ? Who ?


My parents are like Pilloo Aunty. They always teach us to be honest.

Question 491:

What would the children have thought if Pilloo Aunty had paid less money to the Kulfi-seller ? What do you think about this


Had Pilloo Aunty paid less to the Kulfi-seller, the children would have thought that Pilloo Aunty is very smart and dishonest. Her image must have been lowered in the eyes of the children.

Question 492:

What do you think Akshay will do ?


He will drink water.

Question 493:

Why was Akshay confused ?


When Anil handed Akshay a glass of water, he suddenly remembered his grandmother’s warning. This made him confused and put him in a state of ‘to be or not to be’.

Question 494:

Do you know of anybody who thinks like Akshay’s grandmother ?


Yes. An old lady in our neighbourhood thinks and behaves the way Akshay’s grandmother does.

Question 495:

Do you agree with Akshay’s grandmother ?



Question 496:

What do you think Akshay should do ?


He should drink the glass of water.

Question 497:

If you were in Dhondu’s place what would you do ?


I would also buy the grinding machine

Question 498:

Has it ever happened with you that you wanted to do something but the elders in the family did not allow you ?


Yes, it has happened.

Question 499:

Who takes important decisions in your family ? What do you feel about this


My father takes important decisions in our family. He uses his experience and thinks a lot to arrive at right decisions.

Question 500:

How would you like if only one person made all the decisions for your family ?


I do not like it because different persons have different choices and limitations. So decisions made by one person may not be liked by the other person. Secondly this would make the other people dependent and handicap for they would never be able to take decisions in life.

Question 501:

Have you ever disliked anybody’s touch ? Whose touch did you dislike ?


Yes, my friend’s brother

Question 502:

If you were in Ritu’s place, what would you do ?


I would request uncle not to touch me and talk to my mother.

Question 503:

What else can be done when such things happen ? Discuss.


I can tell my parents also. Better I should not visit his place.

Question 504:

Everybody’s touch is not the same. Ritu did not like it when Meena’s uncle held her hand, but she liked to hold Meena’s hand. Why do you think there was this difference ?


Different people have different ideas, nature and behaviour. People of similar nature and choices like each other.

Topic : Pochampalli

Question 505:

Vani and Prasad learnt this beautiful craft from their family members. When they grow up, do you think they will be able to teach their children the skills of this craft?


They will not be able to teach them, I think. Since after their studies they will find some job and will not continue this craft activity.

Question 506:

What were they weaving and where ?


I have seen weavers weaving special cloth called Pochampalli in Mukhtapur village in Andhra Pradesh.

Question 507:

The threads of a saree are dyed. Do you know of any other thing that is dyed ?


Cotton threads and also cotton and woollen clothes are dyed.

Question 508:

If you visit Vani’s village it seems as if the entire village is weaving sarees. Do you know of any other work which many people housing in one place do ?


I have seen all people living in the same locality doing wooden carving

Question 509:

Do they make some article ?


Yes, they make furniture or decorative articles of wood.

Question 510:

Find out the process of making of article ? What are the different steps ?


1. Preparing wood as surface.
2. Making drawing with pencil.
3. Cutting to its size.
4. Etching on wood.
5. Inserting copper wire and then stroking it.

Question 511:

Do men and women do different kinds of work to make this article ?


Yes, women do only light work.

Question 512:

Do children also contribute in making this article ?


Yes. They help their parents in doing this work and later they also take to the same work.

Question 513:

Where did they learn to do their work ?


From their parents

Question 514:

What else did they need to learn to be able to do this work ?


In schools or institutes where they are taught these skills.

Question 515:

Have they taught this work to anybody in their family, or to anyone else ?


Yes, to their children

Topic : Home and Abroad

Question 516:

Why do you think many trees cannot grow in desert areas ?


It is because there is sand everywhere and no water except sea water which is not suitable for plants.

Question 517:

Do you have any relatives who live in another country ?


Yes, My sister who lives in U.S.A.

Question 518:

How long have they lived there ? Did they go there for studies or for work ? Was there any other reason ?


She is there for the last seven years. She had gone there to pursue further studies.

Question 519:

To which country does this currency belong ? How did you know ?


It is Indian currency. It is written on the top of it.

Question 520:

Whose picture can you see on the notes ?


Mahatma Gandhi our Rashtra Pita.

Question 521:

Can you find any number on the notes (other than the value) ?


Yes, it is the serial number of the note.

Question 522:

Take a ten rupee note and observe it carefully. How many languages can you see on the note ?



Question 523:

How many of these coins do you recognise ?


All the eight coins.

Question 524:

What is written on each coin other than the value ?



Topic : Spicy Riddles

Question 525:

Did you enjoy the potato chaat ?


Yes, I enjoyed it very much.

Question 526:

ust imagine, if there were no spices to make the potato chaat, how would it taste ?


It would be tasteless.

Question 527:

How do spice-less and very spicy things feel on your tongue ?


Very bad and tasteless.

Topic : Defence Officer : Wahida

Question 528:

Do you know anyone who is in defence services ? Is the person in the Navy, Army or Air Force ?


Yes. He is in Air Force.

Question 529:

What work do they do in the force ?


They protect the country from external invasion.

Question 530:

Would you like to join the defence services ?



Question 531:

Which of the three would you like to join—the Army, the Navy or the Air Force ?


Air Force.

Question 532:

In which other jobs do people wear uniforms as in defence services ?


Doctors, Nurses, B.S.F., Pilots.

Question 533:

Wahida works as a doctor in the Indian Navy. Can you name the other occupations in the Navy ?


Band Master, Clerk, Diver

Question 534:

Have you ever seen a parade ? Hold a parade in your own school and try giving thirty-six-commands for example, “Parade, Eyes Right.” Don’t move. “Close in”, “Open file”. Can you add some more commands to this list ?


“Right turn, “About Turn”, Left Right, Left Wheel etc.

Question 535:

Do you know any woman who has done something unusual ? Talk to her, what were the difficulties she faced in her life ?


Do it yourself.

Topic : Wake up !

Question 536:

How do you go to school ?


Chuskit goes to school on father’s back because of her legs. On the other hand, I go to school by school bus.

Question 537:

Find out where Ladakh is ? What kind of a place is it ?


Ladakh is in Kashmir. It is a mountainous and cold place.

Question 538:

What are the things that you enjoy doing in school ?


Reading and playing outdoor games.

Question 539:

Do you like going to school ?


Yes, I like.

Question 540:

Would you like it if you never could go to school ?



Question 541:

Who all helped Chuskit to reach school ?


All children helped Chuskit to reach school.

Question 542:

If you were Abdul what would you have done ?


Whatever Abdul has done.

Question 543:

At last, Chuskit could reach school. Do you think that she may face some difficulties in school ? What kind of difficulties ? If you were Chuskit’s friend, how would you help her ?


She may find it difficult to go from one bench to another if situation so demands. In that situation I would help her to move.

Question 544:

Do you have ramps in your school on which a wheel chair can move ?


Yes, we have ramps built in our school.

Question 545:

Do you know any child near your house who cannot go to school because of some difficulty ? Would you like to help such a child ? How will you help ?


Yes, there is one boy in our neighbourhood who is blind. I would help him and take him daily to school

Question 546:

Look at the buildings around your house. Can a wheel chair go inside the building ?


No, not in all buildings. A wheel chair can be taken only in those buildings which have ramp.