NCERT Solutions for Class 3 Environmental Studies

Topic : A Beautiful Cloth

Question 1:

How do you think Sajida’s dupatta was made ?


Sajida’s dupatta was embroidered and mirror work was done on it.

Question 2:

Take a dupatta or a long piece of unstitched cloth. Drape it in different ways. In how many ways, could you wear it ?


About four ways.

Question 3:

Did anyone wear it like a lungi or use it as a turban ? In what other ways was the cloth worn ?


Yes, it was used as a lungi or a turban. It can be worn as dhoti, sari, towel, wrap etc.

Question 4:

Look at any six garments at home. What difference do you find in their texture, their colour and design ?

# Garment Texture Colour Design
1. Sari Soft Pink Small booti at the border
2. Napkin Coarse White Plain
3. School uniform Thick Blue Plain
4. Shirt (gents) Silky Green Hologram
5. Jean Hard coarse Rownish At places colour faded
6. Towel Furry Yellow Flowers

Topic : A House Like This !

Question 5:

Why are houses made on bamboo pillars where Bhupen lives ?


Bhupen lives in Assam. It rains heavily there, so houses are made on bamboo pillar.

Question 6:

What kind of roofs do these houses have ? Why are they made like this ?


Sloping roofs because they let the rain water slip down easily.

Question 7:

How does one enter these houses ?


Ladders are used for entering these houses.

Question 8:

At night the ladder is removed from these houses. Can you tell why ?


Ladder is removed from these houses to keep away animals and strangers.

Question 9:

In which area is Chameli's house ?


Chameli’s house is situated in Manali, a hilly area.

Question 10:

What is the similarity in the roof's of Chameli's and Bhupen's houses ?


Both houses have sloping roofs.

Question 11:

How do roofs help in their areas ?


Sloping roofs do not let rain water or snow to settle on them.

Question 12:

Look at these houses and find out if there are similar houses in your area also.


I live at Dehradun which is not plane. In this area there are tall buildings and houses with slope roofs.

Question 13:

How do people go up in multi-storeyed buildings ?


Either by lifts (elevators) or by stairs.

Question 14:

How is a houseboat different from other houses ?


A houseboat floats on the water while a house is fixed on the ground.

Question 15:

Would you like to live in such a house ? Why ?


Yes, a house boat is small moving object which gives satisfaction to mind because it is far away from crowd.

Topic : Chhotu’s House

Question 16:

Is there any part of your house where a particular member of your family spends more time ?


Yes, mother spends more time in kitchen and Grand mother spends more time in a prayer room.

Question 17:

Is there any part of your house where a particular family member never goes or goes for a short time ?


Yes, grand father goes for a short time in the kitchen.

Question 18:

Do you keep your house clean ? How ?


  1. Sweeping floor daily.
  2. Dusting the various articles.
  3. Keeping things at their proper place.
  4. Removing shoes at a fixed place near the entrance of the house.

Question 19:

In which part of the house will Chhotu like spend most of his time ?


In the part, where he can enjoy the most.

Question 20:

Why do you think Chhotu invited Monu to live with him in the pipe ?


Due to the following reasons, Chhotu invited Monu to live with him.

  1. Monu was his village friend.
  2. Monu had no place to live.
  3. Chhotu was alone and he needed some company.
  4. Pipe was long enough for both of them.
Question 21:

Who all live with you in your house ?


Grand father, grand mother, father, mother, brother, sister and my pet dog.

Question 22:

Chhotu divided the pipe into different parts. Write the names of different parts of your house.


Bedroom, kitchen, bathroom, lobby, store room, Drawing room, Guest room, courtyard, a prayer room.

Question 23:

How much time in a day do you spend in each part of your house ?


Bed room — 8 hours
Kitchen — 5 hours
Bath room — 2 hour
Drawing room — 1 hour
Lobby — 5 hours
Courtyard — 2 hours

Question 24:

Is there any part of your house where a particular member of your family spends more time ?


Yes, mother spends more time in kitchen and Grand mother spends more time in a prayer room.

Question 25:

Is there any part of your house where a particular member of your family spends more time ?


Yes, mother spends more time in kitchen and Grand mother spends more time in a prayer room.

Question 26:

Is there any part of your house where a particular family member never goes or goes for a short time ?


Yes, grand father goes for a short time in the kitchen.

Question 27:

Do you keep your house clean ? How ?


(i) Sweeping floor daily.
(ii) Dusting the various articles.
(iii) Keeping things at their proper place.
(iv) Removing shoes at a fixed place near the entrance of the house.

Question 28:

Who all help to keep your house clean ?


My mother and maid servant.

Question 29:

Where do you go freshen up in the morning ?


We have toilets in our house, we use it.

Question 30:

Where do you throw the garbage of your house ?


In a covered dustbin kept in a corner of the house.

Question 31:

Is the area around your house clean ?


Usually it is clean.

Question 32:

Who cleans area around your house ?


We ourselves clean it.

Question 33:

How do you help in keeping it clean ?


I spill and run water there for keeping it clean.

Question 34:

Is there any special way in which you decorate your house ? When and how ?


Usually we keep our house clean. But on Diwali or Gurupurabs, we decorate our house with lights, flowers and other decorative material.

Question 35:

Ask your friends when and how they decorate their houses.


Go ahead and do it.

Question 36:

Name the things with which you decorate your house ?


Lights, flowers, hangings, printings, colour, rangoli, chandeliers etc.

Topic : Drop by Drop

Question 37:

Think what are the difficulties people face due to scarcity of water ?


(i) Go far off place to fetch water.
(ii) Can’t bath for days.
(iii) Use water in small quantities.

Question 38:

From where do the people in Madho’s village fetch water for drinking ?


From far off ponds or from tanks.

Question 39:

Who fetches water in Madho’s house ?


Mother and sister of Madho fetch water from far off place. Some-times his father also fetches water.

Question 40:

Water collected in the tanks is mostly used for drinking ? Why ?


It is because rain water is pure and is free from dust.

Question 41:

Is rain water collected in your house as well ? If yes, how ?



Question 42:

Can there be any other method of collecting water ?



Question 43:

Can you think of ways of saving water ? Write your sugges-tions below :


Suggestions for saving water. 1. Turn off taps when not needed.
2. Check leakages, if any.
3. Avoid wastage of water.
4. Do not wash your vehicles with a water pipe.
5. Do not take bath under a tap.
6. Turn off tap while brushing your teeth.

Question 44:

Have you seen water flowing unnecessarily in your home, school or any other place ? Where ?


On the streets and in the canteen.

Topic : Families can be Different

Question 45:

How did you feel when you could join a group of required number ? Why ?


I felt happy because I was still playing game.

Question 46:

How did you feel, if you could not join any group ? Why ?


I felt disgusted because game had to be left.

Question 47:

Do you like to be with people.


Yes, often.

Question 48:

With whom do you take to be more ?


With friends, parents and relatives.

Question 49:

How could you feel, if you always had to be alone ?


I feel lonely and sad.

Question 50:

How are these people related to each other ?


Tanya and Samar are brother and sister and children of Gurleen and Nagarajan.

Question 51:

Who all are these in Sitamma’s family ?


Dada, dadi, tauji, father, mother, Chacha, Chachi, younger chacha, bua, tauji’s three children, Gilamma (younger sister).

Question 52:

How is the relationship between the different people in the family ?


The relationship between different people in the family is very helpful.

Question 53:

Who takes care of Tara ? How ?


Nana takes care of Tara by feeding her, helping her in home work and playing with her.

Question 54:

What are the things the family members do together ?


They go far off places and enjoy.

Question 55:

Who all are there in this family ?


Habib, Sara and Habib’s abbu.

Question 56:

Abbu enjoys watching television with the other’s. Why ?


Because he likes interaction with others.

Question 57:

How do the family members enjoy ?


Family members enjoy by watching television, playing cards and games and going out for plays and movies.

Question 58:

How do Totaram’s family members keep contact with each other ?


Totaram and other members from city visit their village once a year and write letters to other members living in the village.

Question 59:

Which members of Totaram’s family live in the city and which live in the village ? Why ?


Totaram, his father, his uncle and his cousin brother live in the city because uncle and father work to earn money and Totaram and his cousin brothers study. Totaram’s dada-dadi mother, Chachi and younger brothers and sisters live in village.

Question 60:

How does Krishna take care of his sister ?


He used to leave his sister at school before going to college.

Question 61:

What activities are done together in the family ?


Eating meals, cleaning the house, cooking, watching television and playing carrom.

Question 62:

What is a family ?


Eating meals, cleaning the house, cooking, watching television and playing carrom.

Question 63:

What is a family ?


Parents and children together form a family.

Question 64:

What are different types of families ?


Families can be small or big. In small families only parents and children live together. In big families, other relatives like chacha-chachi, dada-dadi, bua all live together.

Question 65:

What are the things that happen in a family ?


Lot of things happen in a family. Some are :
1. Caring for each other.
2. Cooking meals
3. Feeding
4. Enjoying one self
5. Helping one another.
6. Respecting the feeling of others.
7. Fightings
8. Discussions

Topic : Flying High

Question 66:

Which of the birds mentioned in the lesson have you seen ? Write their names.


Birds mentioned in the lesson and seen by me. Peacock, crow, parrot, eagle, cuckoo, wood pecker, vulture, owl.

Question 67:

Can you move your neck like the owl ?



Question 68:

Other than birds, which are the other animals that can fly.


Insects like housefly, mosquito, honey bee and butterfly.

Question 69:

If you could fly like a bird where would you like to go ? What else would you do ?


I would like to go the clouds, touch them and feel their coldness. I would also like to visit beautiful places.

Question 70:

What would happen if birds could not fly but only walk on their feet ?


In this case, they will become easy prey to animals and there will be shortage of food for all the birds as they will remain fixed to a place and could not visit far off places.

Topic : Foods we Eat

Question 71:

Now on the blackboard write the names of all the food items that you have written on your plate.


Chapati, Dal, Salad, Kheer, Pickle, Rice.

Question 72:

Did all the children in the class eat the same food items yesterday ? Why ?


No, all children in the class did not eat the same food items because they belong to different regions and have different food habits.

Question 73:

You must have noticed that in the picture (Pag 38 of Textbook) there is one child in whose house no food was cooked. What could be the reason ?


The probable reasons may be :
(i) Her mother may not be at home.
(ii) Her father might not have earned a penny yesterday.
(iii) There were no food items at home.

Question 74:

Has it ever happened to you that on some day you were very hungry but there was nothing to eat ? If yes, why ?


Yes, mother was bed ridden with fever and had not prepared anything.

Question 75:

How do you know you are hungry ?


When I feel lazy and my stomach is empty, I am hungry.

Question 76:

How do you feel when you are hungry ?


When I am hungry, I feel weakness.

Question 77:

Why was Dadi not able to climb the stairs quickly ?


Dadi was old enough.

Question 78:

How does Dadi like to have her dal ?


Dadi likes to have sugar in her dal.

Question 79:

How many persons in the story can eat bhutta easily and why ?


Vipul, Mani and Vipul’s mother can eat bhutta easily as they all are young and have strong teeth.

Question 80:

Can all old people eat bhutta ? Why ?


No, all old people cannot eat bhutta because they have either lost their teeth or their teeth are not strong enough.

Question 81:

For four months Chhutki will have only her Mother’s milk. That is her only food. Why ?


Chhutki is in her infancy and she has no teeth.

Question 82:

Write the names of some food items that you have never eaten before but feel like eating.


Camel’s milk, leaves of ani, chapati made of Bajra, Sarson ka saag, Lotus stem, Amla are some of the food items that I have never eaten before but I feel like eating them.

Topic : From Here to There

Question 83:

Can a train move any where ? Why ?


No, its wheel can move over railway track (roads of iron) only

Question 84:

What is meant by ‘roads of iron’ ?


Rail lines which are made of iron.

Question 85:

What places did the train pass by ? Make a list.


Meadows, hills, temples, mills, wells, fields, walls etc.

Question 86:

Which vehicles have you travelled in ? Write their names in your notebook.


Rickshaw, Tonga, Cycle, Car, Scooter, Bus, Auto and Train.

Question 87:

Which all vehicles did the children travel in ?


Train, Boat, Bus, Bicycle, Oxen cart, Aeroplane, Rickshaw, Horse, Car, Taxi, Palki.

Question 88:

How would you keep yourself while travelling ?


Do it with the help of your elders.

Question 89:

From the sounds given below, can you tell which vehicle it is ? One example is given :
Chhuk—Chhuk Train
Pon–Pon .................
Gharr-Gharr ..................
Peen-Peen ..................
Tup-Tup ..................
Tring-Tring ..................

1. Chhuk-chhuk Train
2. Pon-Pon Truck
3. Gharr-Gharr Motor cycle
4. Tup-Tup Horse
5. Tring-Tring Bicycle.
Question 90:

These are the sounds of single vehicles. How does it sound when many vehicles run together on the road making different noises ? Isn’t there a lot of noise ?


All sounds mix to give peen-tring-pon-gharr-peen,........ pon-tring producing a lot of noise.

Question 91:

Where have you heard the maximum noise ?


In the busy markets and at crossings.

Question 92:

Do you like so much noise ? Why ?


No, I do not like so much noise because it produces displeasing effect and also hurts my ears.

Question 93:

What all can you see in the picture ?


1. Police van 2. Ambulance
3. Fire brigade vehicles and men
4. Building on fire.

Question 94:

Which vehicles can you see in the picture ?


A police van, Ambulance and two fire brigade vans.

Topic : Games we Play

Question 95:

Do you play some games with your family members ? Which games and with whom ?


Family member
Name of the game

Question 96:

Do you know the name of any famous sports person in your area ? If yes, write her or his name and the game with which she or he is associated.


Mr. Baldev Singh (Hockey Olympian).

Question 97:

Have you heard of Sania Mirza ? She also plays a ball-game. Find out which one and write its name.


Lawn Tennis.

Question 98:

Which game do you like most ?



Question 99:

Find out from the elders in your family or in the neigh-bourhood.
Which games did they play when they were children ?


Marbles, flying kites, wrestling, weight lifting, hide and seek.

Question 100:

Besides playing, what else do you do ?


Besides playing I watch T.V., read books and water the plants.

Topic : Here Comes a Letter

Question 101:

Everyone has written a letter. But where do we post it ?


Dear Reena,
I am here. Have you done your class work ? We will play with the ball in the lunch-break. I have brought a ball, today. Bye for now.
Yours friend

Question 102:

Everyone has written a letter. But where do we post it ?


We post the letters in the letter box.

Question 103:

Let us make a letter-box for the class.


Do it yourself.

Question 104:

What difference do you see in these letters ?


Letters are of different shapes and colours.

Question 105:

Which letters have stamps on them ?


All letters carry stamps on them.

Question 106:

Are all the stamps similar ? What are the differences ?


No, stamps differ in design picture and colour.

Question 107:

Have you seen the stamp of post office on these letters ?


Yes, all letters delivered to us by postman bear stamp of a post office.

Question 108:

How do you think letters reached distant places when there were no trains ?


Pigeons and messengers used to take and deliver letters. Visit to a post office.

Question 109:

Can you send a message to your friend out of India with the postcard that Reena used.



Question 110:

What other work takes place here ?


(i) Selling of envelopes, post cards, stamps
(ii) Sending money order
(iii) Sending Telegrams.
(iv) Banking on small scale.
(v) Insurance.

Question 111:

Where all have you seen telephones ?


Telephone booth, colleges, school, offices, hotels and ever strops etc.

Question 112:

With whom do you talk on the telephone ?


Uncle, Aunt, Nani, dadi and friends.

Question 113:

Which of the two do you like more—writing a letter or making phone call ? Why ?


Phone call, as it is a live chatting to an individual.

Question 114:

What all purposes can these telephones be used for ?


Telephones can be used for communication, business purposes.

Question 115:

Design your own phone. Mention its special features.


Do it yourself.

Question 116:

We wrote a letter. We also made a phone call. What are simi-larities and differences between a letter and a phone call ?


Similarities between a letter and phone call
(i) Both are means of carrying messages.
(ii) Both are easily available at all places.
Differences between a letter and phone call
(i) Voice can be heard on phone and not on letters.
(ii) A phone call can be made in short time but letters take long time to reach.
(iii) A phone call is costlier than a letter.

Question 117:

What are the other means of sending messages if there is no post office ?


We can send messages by Electronic method, Internet Service or by Radio and Television.

Topic : It’s Raining

Question 118:

How did Appu know that banana trees needed water ?


Trees were drooping.

Question 119:

From where do the plants growing around your house get water.


From soil and rain.

Question 120:

Appu drank water from the river till he was happy. Have you seen animals drinking water ? Where ?


Yes, cows, buffaloes, horses drinking water from reservoirs made outside temples and open water tanks.

Question 121:

Have you ever given water to any animal ? If yes, which animal ?


Whenever any stray cow visits my house I give water.

Question 122:

Some animals are not given water by anyone. From where do they drink water ?


Rivers, ponds, water reservoers outside temples and even water dripping from taps.

Question 123:

The poet saw many things in the clouds. Have you ever seen anything in the clouds ? What ?


Images of animals, things and trees.

Question 124:

What all do the clouds do ?


They come and go, take shape of different things, pour like rain or hails.

Question 125:

Have you ever seen a rainbow ? When can you see a rainbow ?


Yes, rainbows appear after rainfall.

Question 126:

How do you feel when it rains ?


I fell happy and excited.

Question 127:

Apart from clouds, what do you see when it rains ?


Lighening and hails.

Question 128:

What happens when it rains ?


When it rains it makes the air fresh, plants look green, people become happy and peacocks dance.

Question 129:

Have you had any problems during rains ? Have you seen anyone else having any problem due to rains ? Draw a picture of your experience in the rain.


Yes, rains create many problems. During rains water fills the ditches and soil becomes slippery.
Stray Animals suffer during rains, they look for shelter and in dry places. Sometimes they do not get any shelter. When drains get blocked due to rains, everybody face problems.
When it rains some are happy, some are sad.

Topic : Left-Right

Question 130:

What is there on your left ?


Wall (Assumed).

Question 131:

What things are there behind you ?


Desks (Assumed).

Question 132:

On whose left side are you sitting ?


Krishna’s (Assumed).

Question 133:

What is there on your right ?



Question 134:

Who is sitting on your right ?


Krishna (Assumed).

Question 135:

What is in front of you ?


Black board and teacher’s chair.

Question 136:

Which places and things will Ruchira find on her way from home to school ? Write their names.


A house, Two trees, A hand pump, a well, a post-office, a bus-stop, a hospital and a shop.

Question 137:

Can you tell why these symbols are used ?


Symbols are short represen-tations of a particular object or place. It saves times and space.

Question 138:

Is the school closer to the post office or to the hospital ?


Post Office.

Question 139:

What is near to the bus Stop ?


Hand pump.

Topic : Making Pots

Question 140:

Why did the crow need a pot ?


Crow needed a pot to fill water in it.

Question 141:

Who all helped the crow to make the pot ?


Potter, clay pit and trowel of blacksmith helped the crow to make the pot.

Question 142:

What things did potter need ?


The potter needed clay and potter wheel.

Question 143:

Are there utensils made of clay in your house ? Which are these ?


Yes, flower pots and pitcher for storing drinking water.

Question 144:

If someone gives you clay, will you be able make some utensils from it ?


yes I can make a bowl out of clay ball.

Question 145:

What will happen if you store water in these pots overnight ?


The pots will absorb water and soil will become silky and moist.

Question 146:

We often keep water in a clay pot at home or in the school. Why do these pots do not get spoil by the water ?


These clay pots meant for storing water have already been baked in a kiln.

Question 147:

Have you ever seen bricks or pots being baked in a kiln ?



Question 148:

Long, long ago, when people did not have any pots, what did those people do ?


They used to use leaves and wooden sticks to make plates bowls and baskets.

Question 149:

Why would people have made pots ?


People would have made pots to cook food and store them.

Question 150:

Imagine-one day all the pots disappear from the world. What will happen in your house ?


Without pots, food will not be cooked or stored. Food will have to be served on leaves or papers. Drinking of tea or milk will become a problem.

Topic : Our First school

Question 151:

Who all are there in your family ? Write their names and how they are related to you.


Name Relationship
Prem Kumar Father
Alka Rani Mother
Kalyani Devi Grand mother
Rekha Sister
Ayunsh Myself

Question 152:

What do your family members call you lovingly ? Do you have a pet name ? How do you call your family members ?


I am called by name ‘Gappu’. It is my pet name. I call my mother ‘Ma’ and father ‘Papa’ and ‘boss’ to my elder brother (Assumption.)

Question 153:

Is there any similarity between you and any other member of your family-in the way you talk, walk, smile or even in your looks ....... ? With whom and how ?


I resemble my father in looks and mother in the way of her smile. (Assumption)

Question 154:

Is your family involved in any particular work. If yes, what ?


Yes, clothes making. (Assumption)

Question 155:

Do you help the family with the work ?


Yes. (Assumptions)

Question 156:

You have learnt many things from your family. What and from whom ? Has anyone learnt anything from you ?


(i) I learnt cycling from my father.
(ii) I learnt drawing from my brother.
(iii) I taught English to my younger brother. (Assumptions)

Question 157:

Are there any particular practices followed by your family ? What are those ?


All members take out their shoes before entering the house and also have to say prayers together early in the morning (Assumption)

Question 158:

Does any member of your family have any particular habit like laughing loudly or singing when they are happy ? Imitate them.


My father makes a sign of V with his fingers. My mother hums and my elder brother jumps and laughs a lot. Very loudly when they are happy.

Question 159:

How do you show respect to elders in your family ? Look around to see how others show respect.


I wish every elder in the morning and touch their feet. Other children of my age around me pay respect to their elders by saying namaste to them.

Question 160:

Ask any older member of your family to tell a funny incident of her or his childhood.


Grand Pa’s story When I was young, I was very naughty. I used to tease every body at home. One day, your uncle and my younger brother gave some marbles to me. I was surprised. Later I came to know that he had torn my books and eaten my share of sweets. I grew very angry. But his earlier gift made me calm and I excused him. (Assumption)

Topic : Our Friends—Animals

Question 161:

Put the sentences in correct order:
Peter lovingly patted the bird [ ]
The children saw a bird circling in their class room. [ ]
Navjyot and Ali quickly brought water in a bowl [ ]
The bird flew away [ ]
The bird hurt itself with fan. [ ]


The bird hurt itself with the fan [ 2 ]
Navjot and Ali quickly brought water in a bowl [ 3 ]
Peter lovingly patted the bird [ 4 ]
The bird flew away [ 5 ]

Question 162:

What do you think Malini would have done ?


Malini would have given kitten back to cat.

Question 163:

What will people in Meenu’s family do ?


Meenu's family will wash and treat the wound with medicine.

Question 164:

Do you or any of your neighbours have a pet ? Which one ?


Yes, my neighbours have famale parrot as a pet.

Question 165:

What name have you given to your pet ?



Question 166:

Like us animals also need water to live. There are many other things which are required by both — animals and humans. Write the names of three such things.


(1) Air,
(2) food,
(3) shelter.

Question 167:

Why do you feed these animals ?


Because I love them.

Question 168:

Which animal did the most of children feed ?



Question 169:

What did they feed ?


Chapati and grass.

Question 170:

Think has any animal ever eaten your food against your will. How ?


Cats often steal in to the kitchen and drink milk. Rats make holes in the bags (plastic, paper, gunny) and eat the food material kept in them. Crows take away food placed in open. Monkeys always snatch away food from the people's hands.

Topic : Poonam's Day Out

Question 171:

Poonam looked up. She saw many animals on the tree. Which animals can you spot on the tree in the picture ? Write down their names.


Pigeon, Squirrel, Crow, Ape, Swallow, Parrot, Cuckoo, Butterflies.

Question 172:

Which animals did Poonam see at the pond ? Look at the picture and write their names.


Frog, Buffalloes, Goat, Tortoise, Crane, Stork.

Question 173:

You must have seen many animals too. Write which of them—
can fly .........., ..........., ............
can crawl .........., ..........., ............
can walk .........., ..........., ............
can hop .........., ..........., ............
have wings .........., ..........., ............
have feet .........., ..........., ............
have a tail .........., ..........., ............


Animals that
can fly Parrot, Crow, Grasshopper
can crawl Snake, lizards, Earthworm
can walk Goat, Dog, Cat
can hop Frog, Rabbit, Rat
have wings Bird Butterfly, Insects
have feet Hen, Elephant, Pig
have a tail Monkey, Donkey, Fish

Topic : Saying Without Speaking

Question 174:

How did you like this game ?


I liked this game very much.

Question 175:

Did you find it difficult to act without speaking ?



Question 176:

Have your ever seen anyone talking through actions ?


Yes. There is a boy who lives in our neighbour who is dumb and talks through actions.

Question 177:

When do people need to talk like this ?


When people cannot talk or hear anything.

Question 178:

Observe children of about six to eight months in your area. How do they express themselves ?


By crying.
(ii) By laughing.
(iii) By pushing their legs and hands.

Question 179:

Has it ever happened that you had done some mischief and your mother found out just by looking at your face ?


Yes, many times.

Topic : Sharing our Feelings

Question 180:

Seema’s father reads the newspaper aloud to her nani. How do you help people ?


I help nani and nanu by taking them for a walk in the evening.

Question 181:

What kind of problems do people have in old age ?


Some problems of old age Hearing, eating, seeing, pains in joints, bones etc.

Question 182:

How does Ravi bhaiya come to know so many things without seeing ?


With sense of touch and feeling.

Question 183:

Have you ever needed a stick ? When ?


No. I never needed a stick.

Question 184:

Can you think when you may need a stick ?


When I will get old or get any injury in an accident or while climbing a hill.

Question 185:

How do we help those people who cannot see ?


Helping the people who cannot see
Help them while crossing roads, Climbing bus, finding a way whenever they forget, telling about incidents at school or home or telling stories from newspaper etc.

Question 186:

How many children could recognise the others by touching ?


Four (Assume).

Question 187:

How many children could recognise the other children by only hearing them ?


(Assume) Five.

Question 188:

Which was easier of the two ?



Question 189:

Touch and tell how many teeth are there in your mouth ? Which students in the class have maximum number of teeth ?


Try and make the list. Find the name of the student who has maximum number of teeth.

Question 190:

How many things, can you recognise by only touching ?


A Lot of things can be recognised by only touching, such as : clothes, pots, pieces of ornaments, parts of a plant etc.

Question 191:

Close your eyes and listen. What sounds you can hear ? Which people can you identify from the sound they make as they move ?


Sounds like moving fan, tick-tick of watch, closing and opening of door, tinkling of bell can be heard even with closed eyes. I can identify my father, mother, pet-dog, Liza and grandpa from the sound they make as they move.

Question 192:

By just smelling can you guess if it is someone close to you !



Topic : The Plant Fairy

Question 193:

Can you name the plant on which Didi was sitting ?


Didi was sitting on the simplest plant, grass.

Question 194:

Have you seen a tree with a trunk as thick as the one shown in the picture ?


No. I have not seen any such tree which has as thick trunk as the one shown in the picture.

Question 195:

Do all the leaves have similar colours, shapes and margins ?


No, different leaves have different colours, shapes and margins.

Question 196:

Look at the rubbings made by the others. Are the rubb-ings of different plants similar ?



Question 197:

Which leaf have a good rubbing ?


Leaf with many veins.

Question 198:

In case of which tree was the rubbing of tree trunk difficult ? Why ?


It was difficult to take rubbing of tree having an even surface because only colour came on the paper.

Question 199:

Look for the objects which have patterns of leaves and flowers on them in your house. Write their names.


Objects with pattern of leaves and flowers :
(i) Wall clock
(ii) Earrings
(iii) T-shirt
(iv) Bed cover
(v) Towel
(vi) Curtains
(vii) Sandals
(viii) Tiles
(ix) Frame
(x) Wall hanging.

Question 200:

You must have seen many plants and trees. How many of them can you name ? Write their names.


Plants and trees.
Mango, Tulsi, Rose, Grass, Mint, Tomato, Lady finger, Neem, Pipal, Sunflower.

Question 201:

Are there any plants that you have heard of, but never seen which one's ?


Yes, some heard of plants are : Cactus, Lotus, Almond, Apple, Date Palm and Pine which I have never seen.

Question 202:

Also, ask them if there are any plants which can be seen these days, but which were not seen earlier.


Rose in 10 different colours.

Question 203:

What tree is it ? Ask some elders if you don’t know.



Question 204:

Will you like to give your friend a special name ? What will you name it ?


Yes, Radha.

Question 205:

Does the tree bear flowers or fruits ? Which ones ?


White flowers and sweet fruit.

Question 206:

How do the leaves of the tree look ?



Question 207:

Do animals live in the tree ? Which ones ?


Yes, squirrel and parrots live in the tree, butterflies fly over it.

Topic : The Story of Food

Question 208:

Do all the people in your family eat together ? If not, why ?


No, each member returns from work at different point of time.

Question 209:

Who eats last in the family ?


My father eats last in the family.

Question 210:

Who does not help in cooking food in the family and why ?


My father does not help in cooking food because he remains away from the house for the whole day.

Topic : Water o’ Water !

Question 211:

Which are places mentioned in the poem where we find water ?


Water is found in rivers, lakes, springs.

Question 212:

Name any four activities which.
(i) You can do without water.
(ii) You cannot do without water.


(i) Activities which can be done without water.
To run a race, To write with pencil, To play with white ball, To switch on a fan, To sing.
(ii) Activities which cannot be done without water :—
To grow plants, To cook food, To take bath, To make lemonades, To take steambath.

Question 213:

Have you seen hot water coming out of the ground ? Where ?


Yes, in hills at Paonta Sahib.

Question 214:

Does any river flow through your village or city ? If yes, write its name.


No river flows through my village (city).

Question 21:

Do you know the names of any river ? Write their names.


Names of rivers
Beas, Satluj, Ganga, Yamuna, Gomti, Tapti.

Question 216:

At home, where do you get drinking water from ?


From municipal Tap.

Question 217:

Do you have to go far to get water ? How much time does it take to bring the water ?


I do not have to go far to get water because it is available in our house itself.

Question 218:

Do your neighbours bring water from the same place ?


All neighbours have taps in their houses.

Question 219:

Why do we need to store water ?


Water is stored for use at time when municipal tap runs dry.

Question 220:

Who fetches and stores water in your house ?


My mother stores water.

Question 221:

Are there certain people who are allowed to take water from there ?



Topic : Web of Life

Question 222:

Can you tell, why did we try to know and think about all these things ?


Because these things are related to our daily life. We use them, see them, touch them and feel them.

Question 223:

What can you understand from this web ?


Everything around us is related to other things and other things are related to still other things. So everything in world is inter-related.

Question 224:

Share your web with your friends. Also, have a look at the web made by your friends. Are they all alike ? Discuss with your friend.


Share your web with your friends and see the web made by your friends. They all are not alike.

Topic : What is Cooking ?

Question 225:

Are there any utensils used in your house for cooking ? Which are they ?


Handi, Pitcher, Kettle
Rice, Cooker, Karahi, Sauce pan
Patila, Ladle etc.

Question 226:

What are utensils made of ?


Earth, Steel, Iron, Bronze, Copper, Glass.

Question 227:

Ask some elderly people what kind of utensils were used earlier. What were they made of ?


Big utensils made of copper, bronze, wood and even earthen were used earlier.

Question 228:

Go to the kitchen and observe something being cooked. What all was done to cook it ? Write the sequence. Don't forget to write the name of the item being cooked.


Name of the item—carrot halwa.
1. Washing carrots.
2. Grating carrots.
3. Frying carrots in ghee for half an hour with stirring.
4. Adding milk and sugar.
5. Cooking for ten minutes.
6. Adding dry nuts and serving.

Topic : Work we do

Question 229:

In the picture on page 80 of Textbook, you saw many people work together to build a new building. Write what work is done in school.


Teaching by teachers.
Studying and playing by children
Morning prayers and reading of news by head students
Managing school activities by Principal
Collecting fees by clerk
Selling uniforms and stationery items by school bookshop workers
Sweeping and cleaning school rooms and grounds by sweepers
Ringing of school bell by peon.

Question 230:

What work does Deepali do in her own house ?


Cooks food, cleans the house, washes the utensils, listens to the radio, and read books.

Question 231:

Do you also do household work ? If yes ? What ?


No, I do not do any house hold work. I simply study.

Question 232:

Besides household work do you do any other work at home ? If yes, what ?


Yes, polish shoes, water plants and dust the furniture articles.