NCERT Solutions for Class 12 Geography Chapter 5 - Field Surveys

Question 1:

Which one of the following helps most in planning for a field survey?

  1. Personal Interviews
  2. Secondary Information
  3. Measurements
  4. Experimentation

(b) Secondary Information

Question 2:

Which one of the following is taken up at the conclusion of a field survey?

  1. Data entry and tabulation
  2. Report writing
  3. Report writing
  4. None of the above

None of the above

Question 3:

What is most important at the initial stages of field survey?

  1. Outlining the objectives
  2. Collection of secondary information
  3. Defining the spatial and thematic coverages
  4. Sample design

(d) Sample design

Question 4:

What level of information is acquired during a field survey?

  1. Macro level information
  2. Maso level information
  3. Micro level information
  4. All of the above levels of information

(a) Macro level information

Question 5:

Why is a field survey required?


A field survey is required because they facilitate the collection of local level information. The field survey are carried out to gether required information so as the problem under investigation is studied in depth as predefined objectives.

Question 6:

List the tools and techniques used during a field survey.


Tools which we use during a field survey are secondary informations such as maps and other data, field observation, data generated with the help of interviewing people through questionaries.

Question 7:

What type of coverages need to be defined before undertaking a field survey?


An investigator has to decide whether the survey will be conducted in the form of census for the entire population or it will be based on selected sample. If study area is not huge but composed of diverse elements then entire population should be surveyed.

Question 8:

Describe survey design in brief.


In sample survey’s framework we include its size and method of studying and selecting is to be decided in relation to objectives of survey variations in population and cost and time etc.

Question 9:

Why is the well-structured questionaire important for a field survey?


With the questionaire we asked previously framed questions to the person to be inter-viewed. These questions should be related to the objectives to get the answer related to the problems. It is important to collect the information relevant to the objectives.