NCERT Solutions for Class 12 Geography Chapter 1 - Human Geography: Nature and Scope

Question 1:

Which one of the following statements does not describe Geography?

  1. An integrative discipline.
  2. Study of the inter-relationship between humans and environment.
  3. Subjected to dualism.
  4. Not relevant in the present time due to the development of technology.

(d) Not relevant in the present time due to the development of technology.

Question 2:

Which one of the following is not a source of geographical information?

  1. traveller’s accounts
  2. old maps
  3. samples of rock materials from the moon
  4. ancient epics.

(d) Ancient epics.

Question 3:

Which one of the following is the most important factor in the interaction between people and environment?

  1. human intelligence
  2. human intelligence
  3. technology
  4. human brotherhood.

(d) Human Brotherhood.

Question 4:

Which one of the following is not an approach in human geography?

  1. Areal differentiation
  2. Spatial organisation
  3. Quantitative revolution
  4. Exploration and description

(d) Exploration and description

Question 5:

Define Human Geography.


According to Ratzel, ‘‘Human Geography is the synthetic study of relationship between human societies and earth’s surface’’. Thus Human Geography deals with the areal differentiation of human activities.

Question 6:

Name some sub-fields of Human Geography.


Human Geography has the following sub-fields as branches :—

  1. Cultural geography
  2. Social geography
  3. Urban geography
  4. Political geography
  5. Population geography
  6. Settlement geography
  7. Economic geography.
Question 7:

How is Human geography related to other social sciences?


An inter-disciplinary subject. It attempts to explain the relationship between all elements of human life and the space they occur over. Thus it develops a close relationship with other social sciences in order to understand and explain human elements on the surface of the earth.

Question 8:

Explain naturalisation of Humans. Give one example.


Nature provides oppertunities and humans make use of these and slowly by nature gets humanised and starts bearing the imprints of human endeavour?” Justify the statement.


Man influenced by Environment.
Humans adapted to dictates of nature. The stage of human social development was also primitive. Man was practically a slave of nature. Man was really naturalised. It was called environmental determinism.

Life of Benda : Example. Take the case of Benda who lives in the wilds of Abujh Maad (Central India). He wears a small loincloth and has a small axe. His tribe practises primitive agriculture by clearing a patch of forest. He drinks water from a stream. He gathers Gajjhara and Kuchla, leaves and roots to eat. Conclusion. The physical environment becomes the ‘‘Mother Nature’ for them.

Question 9:

Write a note on the Scope of Human Geography.


Scope of Human Geography. Human Geography aims to study the regional variations of human life on the earth. These are directly or indirectly influenced by physical environment. The interactive relationship between man and environment results in a cultural landscape.

Scope of Human Geography

  1. According to Finch and Trewartha, man and his cultural activities are the subject matter of Human Geography.
  2. Thus, Human Geography studies the functional relationship between population, natural resources and cultural landscape.
  3. Vidal de la Blache states, ‘‘Human Geography is the study of human influence on his occupation.’’ Human Geography analyses the utilisation of natural resources, their economic structure, industries, transport, communication and distribution of human settlements.