Which one of the following forms of settlement develops along either side of roads, rivers or canals?
Which one of the following types of economic activities dominates in all rural settlement?
In which of the following regions has the oldest well-documented urban settlement found?
(b) Indus Valley
How many of the following cities in India have attained the million status at the beginning of 2011?
Sufficiency of which type of resources can help to create adequate social infrastructure catering to the needs of the large population in the developing countries?
How would you define a settlement?
Settlement refers to an organised colony of human beings together with the buildings in which they live. It includes the temporary and the permanent settlements called villages; and large urban agglomerations. Human settlements may consist of only a few dwelling units (hamlets), or they may be as large as megalopolis.
Distinguish between site and situation.
Site refers to the actual piece of ground on which the settlement is built. Situation or Position refers to the location of the village or town in relation to surrounding areas. The site and situation of the settlements and the type of building may be studied in relation to the physical environment and cultural heritage.
What are the basis of classifying settlements?
Settlements are commonly classified on the basis of size and functions. Accordingly, settlements are divided into rural and urban or villages and towns. The terms rural and urban are relative. There is no universally acceptable criteria to distinguish rural from urban.
How would you justify the study of human settlements in human geography?
The study of human settlements is basic to human geography. The form of human settlement in any particular region reflects human relationship with environment.
What are Rural and Urban settlements? Mention their characteristics.
Classify the population of the world on the basis of their residence into two groups. How are they different form each other? Explain.
Discuss the problem associated with urban settlements in developing countries.
‘There is no consensus on what exactly define a village or a town’. Analyse the statement by using different criteria.
Describe any five environmental problems of urban settlements in the developing countries of the world.
Urban growth processes in the world’s developing regions have been different from those in developed regions. In the developed countries, urban growth was accompanied by industrialisation. In developing countries demographic growth has preceded economic development.
Jhuggi-Jhopri. These settlements have arisen near towns. Dharavi near Mumbai is Asia’s largest slum.