NCERT Solutions for Class 12 Geography Chapter 7 - Tertiary and Quarternary Activities

Question 1:

Which one of the following is a tertiary activity?

  1. Farming
  2. Trading
  3. Weaving
  4. Hunting

(b) Trading

Question 2:

Which one of the following activities is NOT a secondary sector activity?

  1. Iron smelting
  2. Catching fish
  3. Making garments
  4. Basket weaving

(b) Basket weaving

Question 3:

Which one of the following sectors provides most of the employment in Delhi, Mumbai, Chennai and Kolkata?

  1. Primary
  2. Quarternary
  3. Secondary
  4. Service

(d) Service

Question 4:

Jobs that involve high degrees and level of innovations are known as:

  1. Secondary activities
  2. Quarternary activities
  3. Quinary activities
  4. Primary activities

(c) Quinary activities

Question 5:

Which one of the following activities is related to quarternary sector?

  1. Manufacturing computers
  2. Paper and Raw pulp production
  3. University teaching
  4. Printing activities

(c) University teaching

Question 6:

Which one out of the following statements is not true?

  1. Outsourcing reduces costs and increases efficiency.
  2. At times engineering and manufacturing jobs can also be outsourced.
  3. BPOs have better business opportunities as compared to KPOs.
  4. There may be dissatisfaction among job seekers in the countries that outsource the job.

(c) There may be dissatisfaction among job seekers in the countries that outsource the job.

Question 7:

Explain retail trading service.


This is a business activity concerned with the sale of goods directly to the consumers. Most of retail trading takes place in fixed establishments or stores. These are solely devoted to selling. Street peddling, handcarts, trucks, door to door, mail-order, telephone, automatic vending machines and internet are examples.

Question 8:

Describe the Quarternary services.


Quarternary services are knowledge based services. These services centre around research, development and advanced forms of services involving specialised knowledge, technical skills and administrative skills.

Question 9:

Name the fast emerging countries of medical tourism in the world.


Medical tourism is medical treatment combined with international tourism. In India, Thailand, Singapore, Malaysia, Switzerland and Australia Medical Tourism is rapidly progressing.

Question 10:

What is digital divide?


The ICT (Information Communication Technology) is unevenly distributed across the globe. The developed countries have moved forward but the developing countries lag behind. This divide exists between countries and is called digital divide.

Question 11:

Discuss the significance and growth of the service sector in modern development.


Analyse the significance and growth of service sector in the modern economic development of the world.


Services. Services are an important constituent of modern economic development. It provides the services of all kinds—education, health and welfare, leisure, recreation and business services. Business services enhance the productivity of the efficiency of other activities. Services include advertisement, recruitment and personal training. This sector has large employment.
Types of Services.

Services occur at many different levels :

  1. In Industry, to people and transport system.
  2. Low order services like grocery shops, laundries
  3. High order services like those of accountants, consultants and physicians.
  4. Physical labour like gardner, launderers, barber.
  5. Mental labour like teacher, lawyers, physicians, musicians.

New Trends in Services.

  1. Making and maintaining highways, bridges and fire fighting departments.
  2. Marketing of transport, telecommunication, energy and water supply.
  3. Professional services like health care, engineering, law and management.
  4. Recreational and entertainment services.
Question 12:

Expain in detail the significance of transport and communication services.

  1. Transport Services. Transport services carry persons, goods, property physically from one place to another. It satisfies man’s basic need of mobility. Efficient transport system helps in the production, distribution and consumption of goods. The value of material is significantly enhanced by transportation.
  2. Communication Services. Communication services carry words, messages, facts and ideas. These were carried by means of transport like animals, boats, road, rail and air. Mobile telephones and satellites have made these fast. Electrical technology helps to send messages with speed.