NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Social Science Chapter 5 - Manufacturing Industries

Question 1:

What is meant by the term ‘industry’?


The term ‘industry’ means the economic activity related to producing goods, extracting minerals and providing services.

Question 2:

Which are the main factors which influence the location of an industry?


The main factors on which the location of an industry depends are:
(a) Availability of raw material; (b) land; (c) water; (d) transportation; (e) labour; (f) electricity; (g) capital; (h) market.

Question 3:

Which industry is often referred to as the backbone of modern industry and why?


Iron and steel industry is often referred to as the backbone of modern industry. The reasons are:
(a) It provides base for many industries.
(b) It lays the foundation for the rapid development of the other industries like automobiles, aircrafts, etc. which helps in the economic development of the country.

Question 4:

Why cotton textile industry rapidly expanded in Mumbai?


Cotton textile industry rapidly expanded in Mumbai due to the following reasons:
(a) Its humid climate is favourable for cotton growth. (b) Facilities of Mumbai as a port for importing machinery. (c) Availability of raw material. (d) Availability of skilled labour.

Question 5:

Fort Gloster is located in:


West Bengal

Question 6:

Which one of the following is a natural fibre?



Question 7:

Distinguish between the following.
(i) Agro-based and Mineral-based Industries.


Question 8:

Distinguish between the following.
Public Sector Industry and Joint Sector Industry


Question 9:

Give two examples of the following:
Raw Materials: _______ and _______ .


(a) Sugarcane; (b) Tree

Question 10:

Give two examples of the following
End products: _______ and _______ .


(a) Sugar; (b) Paper

Question 11:

Give two examples of the following
Tertiary Activities:: _______ and _______ .


(a) Transport; (b) Trade

Question 12:

Give two examples of the following
Agro-based Industries: _______ and _______ .


(a) Cotton textile; (b) Vegetable oil

Question 13:

Cottage Industries: _______ and _______ .


(a) Basket weaving; (b) Pottery

Question 14:

Give two examples of the followingGive two examples of the following
Co-operatives: _______ and _______ .


(a) Dairy; (b) Sugar mill

Question 15:

Trace the journey of your shirt from a cotton field to your wardrobe.

  • It started its life as part of a cotton boll.
  • Cotton bolls were picked from the farms and transported to the factory for processing.
  • There, the cotton bolls were processed and converted into cloth after mixing with chemicals.
  • This cloth went to factories where it was converted into a shirt using thread, buttons, etc.
  • The shirt then packed with paper box, plastic bags and pins.
  • Packed shirt sent to the market for sale.

ll Finally, it reached your hands.

Question 16:

Give some examples of agro based industries.


Some example of agro based industries are sugar industry, cotton industry, oil processing, jute industry, flour industry, etc.

Question 17:

Find out the inputs, outputs and processes involved in the manufacture of a leather shoe.


The input, output and process involved in shoe manufacturing are: