NCERT Solutions for Class 11 Geography Chapter 9 - India–Location

Question 1:

Which one of the following latitudinal extent is relevant for the extent of India’s area?

  1. 8°41′N – 35°7′N
  2. 8°4′N – 37°6′N
  3. 8°4′N – 37°6′N
  4. 6°45′N – 37°6′N

(c). 8°4′N – 37°6′N

Question 2:

Which one of the following countries shares the longest land frontier with India?

  1. Bangladesh
  2. China
  3. Pakistan
  4. Myanmar

(a). Bangladesh

Question 3:

Which one of the following countries is larger in area than India?

  1. China
  2. Egypt
  3. France
  4. Iran

(a). China

Question 4:

Which one of the following longitudes is the standard meridian for India?

  1. 69°30′E
  2. 82°30′E
  3. 75°30′E
  4. 90°30′E

(b). 82°30′E

Question 5:

Does India need to have more than one standard time? If yes, why do you think so?


India is a vast country extending for about 29° latitudes (68° to 97°E). India has only one standard meridian i.e. 82°½ East. It lies right in the middle of East-West earliest. Many countries have more than one standard meridian as in Canada and U.S.A. Standard Meridians are generally 15° apart. According to the extent of India, there should be two standard meridians-one for the Eastern part and one for the Western part. 75°E and 90°E can be suggested as two standard meridians. With this, time lag of two hours can be reduced to one hour between Eastern and Western parts.

Question 6:

What are the implications of India having a long coastline?


(a) This long coastline provides best and protected ports for India.
(b) India has a large fishing area due to long coastline.
(c) India has a large international trade due to it.
(d) Many resources are found along this coastline (7517) km long).
(e) Many ship-building yards are located along this coast.
(f) It has linked many countries with India.

Question 7:

How does longitudinal spread of India advantageous to her?


East-West Extent of India is 30°. Due to this, there is a time lag of two hours in the Eastern part (Arunachal Pradesh) and the Western part (Gujarat) (30° × 4 = 120 minutes = 2 Hours). It reflects the vastness of India. We select one standard Meridian for this extent of India and the time lag is not much.

Question 8:

While the sun rises earlier in the East, say Nagaland and also sets earlier, how do the watches in Kohima and New Delhi show the same time?


The local time of a place is known by the altitude of the sun at that place i.e. 12’O clock for over head sun. But standard time is the time of a central meridians. In India, this time is taken from 82½°E longitude near Mirzapur. The altitude of the sun is different at Kohima and New Delhi. But both the towns have same standard time, the watches at all the stations show the same time.